Begdili (Middle Turkic: بَكْتِلى Begtili; also spelled Bekdili or Bigdeli, Turkmen: Begdili taýpasy) were an Oghuz Turkic people and a sub-branch of the Bozok tribal federation. Currently, the descendants of Begdili tribe and those who identify themselves as such are part of the Geklen Turkmens living in the Balkan velayat of Turkmenistan. They also can be found among Ersari Turkmens, who live predominantly in the Lebap velayat (region) of Turkmenistan and northern provinces of Afghanistan.
Tamgha of Begdili
|Regions with significant populations|
|Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan, Turkey|
|Related ethnic groups|
In his history work Shajara-i Tarākima (Genealogy of Turkmens), the Khan of the Khanate of Khiva and historian Abu al-Ghazi Bahadur mentions Begdili among 24 Oghuz tribes, direct descendants of Oghuz-khan, who was the ancient progenitor of the Oghuz people, and the name of the tribe translates as “reputable”.
The Anushteginid dynasty, which ruled vast parts of Central Asia from 1077 to 1231 under the title of Khwarazmshahs, descended from the Begdili tribe. The Mamluk Sultan of Egypt - Saif ad-Din Qutuz, who ruled Egypt from 1259 to 1260, also widely believed to have come from the Begdili tribe.
In the middle ages, a large group of Begdili Turkmens migrated from Central Asia to the territory of modern Iran, Azerbaijan and Turkey. In Azerbaijan and Turkey, there are still some toponyms that are called Begdili.
Information about the origin of the Begdili mostly comes from the famous statesman and historian of the Ilkhanate, Rashid-al-Din Hamadani in his "Jami' al-tawarikh" (Compendium of Chronicles), and from the work of the Khan of Khiva Abu al-Ghazi Bahadur, titled "Genealogy of Turkmens».
- Abu al-Ghazi. Genealogy of Turkmens.
- Fazlallakh, Rashid ad-Din (1987). Oghuznameh (in Russian). Baku."Similarly, the most distant ancestor of Sultan Muhammad Khwarazmshah was Nushtekin Gharcha, who was a descendant of the Begdili tribe of the Oghuz family."
- Koperman, Kazım Yaşar (1989). Mısır Memlükleri tarihi: Sultan al-Malik al-Mu'ayyad Şeyh al-Mahmûdô devri: (1412-1421) (in Turkish). Ankara: Ministry of Culture and Tourism Publications.
- Buniyatov, Z.M. (1986). Khwarazm Shahs - Anushteginid State, 1097-1237. "Science" magazine (In Russian).
- Fazlallakh, Rashid ad-Din. "Legends about Oghuz Khagan, Tribal division of Turkmens". Eastern Literature.