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Bavarian Maximilian Order for Science and Art

The Bavarian Maximilian Order for Science and Art (German: Bayerischer Maximiliansorden für Wissenschaft und Kunst) was first established on 28 November 1853 by King Maximilian II von Bayern. It is awarded to acknowledge and reward excellent and outstanding achievements in the field of science and art. From 1933 onwards (with the beginning of the Nazi regime) the order was no longer awarded, until 1980 when it was reinstated by the then Minister-President of the Free State of Bavaria Franz Josef Strauß.[3] Munich jewellers Hemmerle have been responsible for making the medal since 1905. [4]

Bavarian Maximilian Order
for Science and Art
Maximiliaansorde 1980.jpg
Awarded by the Minister-President of Bavaria
TypeOrder of Merit
Established28 November 1853; 166 years ago (28 November 1853)
18 March 1980; 39 years ago (18 March 1980) (re-established)
CountryBavaria, Germany
EligibilityPreferably German scientists and artists
Awarded forOutstanding achievements in the field of science and art
StatusCurrently awarded
FounderMaximilian II
Statistics
First induction1853
Total inductees573 (as of 2018)[1][2]
Precedence
Next (higher)none (highest)
Next (lower)Bavarian Order of Merit
DE-BY Der Bayerische Maximiliansorden für Wissenschaft und Kunst BAR.png
Ribbon bar of the order

PreambleEdit

In continuation of a Bavarian tradition, the Bavarian Maximilian Order for Science and Art was created. It is awarded to reward outstanding achievements in the field of science and art. (In Fortsetzung alter bayerischer Tradition wird der Bayerische Maximiliansorden für Wissenschaft und Kunst geschaffen. Mit ihm sollen herausragende Leistungen auf dem Gebieten von Wissenschaft und Kunst ausgezeichnet werden.)[3]

CriteriaEdit

The Maximilian Order is preferably awarded to German scientists and artists. It is not restricted to citizens of Bavaria. The order was instituted in one class and two sections (science and art). The order is restricted to 100 living members.[5]

Nomination procedureEdit

The Minister-President, the minister of state for their respective portfolio, and the two sections of the order are eligible to nominate new members. These proposals are evaluated by an advisory committee (Ordensbeirat). It gives its recommendation to the Minister-President for the final decision.[6]

The advisory committee consists of:

All members of the advisory committee are selected for a period of five years. The committee decides with the majority of its members.[6]

MembersEdit

From 1980 to 2018 the order has been awarded to 222 recipients.[2] The number of living members of the order cannot exceed 100.[2] As of December 2018 there are 95 living members of the order.[2]

From 1853 to 1932 the order has been issued 351 times.[1]

ReferencesEdit

CitationEdit

  1. ^ a b Körner 1984, p. 350.
  2. ^ a b c d "Terminhinweis: Ministerpräsident Dr. Markus Söder verleiht Bayerischen Maximiliansorden" (Press release) (in German). Munich: Bayerische Staatsregierung. 11 December 2018. Retrieved 11 December 2018.
  3. ^ a b Gesetz über den Bayerischen Maximiliansorden für Wissenschaft und Kunst vom 18. März 1980, Artikel 1 (German)
  4. ^ Royce-Greensill, Sarah. "Hemmerle celebrates 125 years with a collection inspired by its past as a medal-maker". Telegraph.co.uk. Telegraph. Retrieved 18 April 2018.
  5. ^ Gesetz über den Bayerischen Maximiliansorden für Wissenschaft und Kunst vom 18. März 1980, Artikel 2 und 3 (German)
  6. ^ a b Gesetz über den Bayerischen Maximiliansorden für Wissenschaft und Kunst vom 18. März 1980, Artikel 6 (German)

SourcesEdit

External linksEdit