Bavarian Army Reform (1868)

After the experience of the Bavarian Army in the war against Prussia, in 1868 the Bavarian War Minister Siegmund Freiherr von Pranckh fundamentally reformed the army. His main measures were:

  • Reforms of the military reinforcement system:
  1. Abolition of the practice of avoiding conscription by hiring a paid substitute, called a Einsteher ("Proxy") or Einstandsmann ("Stand-In"),[1] to volunteer to take their place.
  2. Creation of Dienstzeit (compulsory military service-time requirement) of three years for all able-bodied men.
  3. Introduction of the Einjährig-Freiwilliger (“One-year volunteer”) system after the Prussian model.

Through these reforms, the Bavarian Army was able to participate significantly in the Franco-Prussian War.

References edit

  1. ^ Einstandsmann was originally a legal term. If a person who was in prison - for owing a debt or fine, was being tried for an offense, or was convicted of a crime - needed to leave to attend to an important matter, they could be granted temporary parole. In exchange a family member or friend (the "Stand-in") would attest to their character and volunteer to stand in their place in jail. When the conditions of the parole were met (if the person returned or the money was paid), the stand-in would be released.