Battle of the Rhyndacus (72 BC)
The Battle of the Rhyndacus occurred in 73 BC between a Roman Republican force under the command of the proconsul Lucius Licinius Lucullus and division of the army of Mithridates VI of Pontus as part of the Third Mithridatic War. The Romans were victorious.
|Battle of the Dhyndacus|
|Part of Third Mithridatic War|
|Commanders and leaders|
|Lucius Licinius Lucullus||Mithridates VI of Pontus|
|10 cohorts (3,000-5,000 legionaries) and an unknown number of cavalry and auxiliaries||unknown but probably the bulk of the cavalry and most of the wounded|
|Casualties and losses|
|Unknown (probably light)||
Lucullus, based in Cilicia, had foregone his planned invasion of Pontus from the south to come north and resque his colleague the proconsul Marcus Aurelius Cotta, whom Mithridates had besieged at Cyzicus on the Sea of Marmara. Lucullus's five legions began an effective counter-siege trapping Mithridates' army before Cyzicus.
With the onset of winter and running low on supplies, Mithridates decided to sent his sick, his wounded, and his cavalry east into Bithynia. The Pontic column was commanded by Neoptolemus, who was the brother of Archelaus. In the middle of a snowstorm, Lucullus met these forces with ten cohorts along the banks of the Rhyndacus. The Romans had a small advance guard of auxiliaries and cavalry on the opposite bank of the river. The combined Roman forces attacked. The Pontic forces turned to defend themselves. The battle was hard, and the Mitridatic forces fought bravely, but they could not withstand the pressure of the Roman attack. Plutarch and Appian record 15,000 men and 6,000 horses as being captured during the battle.
The disaster at the Rhyndacus combined with the famine and plague which had struck his main army forced Mithridates to completely abandoned his position, sailing north while his army marched overland. Lucullus again routed them at the confluence of the Aesepus and Granicus Rivers slaughtering many.
- Lee Fratantuono, Lucullus, the life and campaigns of a Roman conqueror, p.60; Philip Matyszak, Mithridates the Great, Rome's indomitable enemy, p.112.
- Rickard, J. "Battle of the Rhyndacis, 73 B.C." Accessed 3 Sept 2011.
- Plutarch. "Life of Lucullus, 73 B.C." Accessed 19 Sept 2018.
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