Biga Çayı

  (Redirected from Granicus River)

The Biga River (Turkish: Biga Çayı) is a small river in Çanakkale Province in northwestern Turkey. The river begins at the base of Mount Ida and trends generally northeasterly to the Sea of Marmara. It is about 50 kilometres (31 mi) east of the Dardanelles. It flows past the towns of Çan and Biga and enters the Sea of Marmara at Karabiga. It is also known as the Çan (Çan Çayı)[1] and the Kocabaş (Kocabaş Çayı).

Biga River
Granicus River.jpg
Biga River
Physical characteristics
 • locationKaz Dağı
 • location
Sea of Marmara
Length80 km (50 mi)

The Biga was the classical Granicus (Ancient Greek: Γρανικὸς ποταμός, Granikòs Potamós).

The banks near the modern-day town of Biga were the site of the Battle of the Granicus, fought in 334 BC between the Macedonian army of Alexander the Great and the forces of the Persian Empire of Darius III. This was Alexander's first victory over the Persians. In antiquity, the river was described as having strong, turbulent current, with steep banks and varying depth.

There is also a valley named in its honor on Mars. The Granicus Valles is at 29.72° N, 131.0° E and runs for 750 kilometres (470 mi).


  1. ^ "Republic of Turkey 2002" NW quadrant, CIA Map Number 802565, July 2002, U.S. Central Intelligence Agency


  • "Granicus River Valley Survey Project (Canakkale)". Current Archaeology in Turkey. Archived from the original on October 7, 2008. Retrieved 2009-04-22.
  • "Çanakkale". Voice of Anatolia (in Turkish). Turkish Directorate General of Press and Information. Archived from the original on 2007-08-25. Retrieved 2009-04-22.
  • "Foundation and History of Biga" (PDF) (in Turkish). Turkish Ministry of Education. Retrieved 2009-04-22.[dead link]

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 40°23′N 27°18′E / 40.383°N 27.300°E / 40.383; 27.300