Battle of Ostrovo

The Battle of Ostrovo occurred in 1041 near Ostrovo, an area close to the lake of the same name in modern northern Greece.

Battle of Ostrovo
Part of the Uprising of Peter Delyan
Date1041
Location
Result Decisive Byzantine victory, end of Bulgarian uprising
Belligerents
Bulgarian rebels Byzantine Empire
Commanders and leaders
Peter Delyan Michael IV the Paphlagonian
Harald Hardrada

In 1040 Peter Delyan, an illegitimate relative of Samuel, the Bulgar king,[1] led an uprising against the Byzantines and was proclaimed Emperor of Bulgaria. He quickly occupied the western Balkan lands from Belgrade to Larissa but in the next year he was betrayed by his cousin Alusian, who blinded him with a knife after he got drunk during a feast.[1][2] Though blind, Peter Delyan remained in command and met the Byzantines near Ostrovo.[3] The battle itself is unclear but the Bulgarians were defeated mainly with the help of the Varangian Guard, led by Harald Hardrada. Delyan was captured and was sent to Thessaloniki.[2] Alusian, who initially sought to lead the army against the Byzantines, secretly negotiated a deal with Emperor Michael IV at Mosynopolis and was rewarded with a title of magistros.[2] During the battle, he rode to the safety of enemy lines, leaving the Bulgarian army to be crushed.[1] As a result, the uprising was repulsed and the emperor entered Bulgaria, which remained a Byzantine province until 1185.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Schwartzwald, Jack L. (2016). The Collapse and Recovery of Europe, AD 476-1648. Jefferson, NC: McFarland. p. 38. ISBN 9781476662305.
  2. ^ a b c Tăpkova-Zaimova, Vasilka (2017). Bulgarians by Birth: The Comitopuls, Emperor Samuel and their Successors According to Historical Sources and the Historiographic Tradition. Translated by Murdzhev, Pavel. Leiden: BRILL. p. 298. ISBN 9789004352384.
  3. ^ Chary, Frederick B. (2011-02-18). The History of Bulgaria. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO. p. 17. ISBN 9780313384462.