Battle of Olshanitsa

The Battle of Olshanitsa was fought on January 27, 1527 between the armies of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and Crimean Khanate. It was the last large raid into the Grand Duchy.[1] It was also the last large victory of the Lithuanian Great Hetman Konstanty Ostrogski before his death in 1530.[3]

Battle of Olshanitsa
Part of the Crimean-Nogai raids into East Slavic lands
DateJanuary 27, 1527
Location
Near Olshanitsa (Rokytne Raion, Kiev Oblast)
49°40′N 30°37′E / 49.667°N 30.617°E / 49.667; 30.617Coordinates: 49°40′N 30°37′E / 49.667°N 30.617°E / 49.667; 30.617
Result Lithuanian victory
Belligerents
Grand Duchy of Lithuania Crimean Khanate
Commanders and leaders
Konstanty Ostrogski
Jerzy Radziwiłł[1]
Sahib I Giray[2]
Strength
7,000[1]

In 1524, İslâm I Giray, son of Mehmed I Giray, raided Poland–Lithuania and upon return started an open war for the throne with his uncle and new Khan Saadet I Giray.[2] The parties reconciled in 1526 and the Khanate launched a large raid into Polesia of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (present-day northern Ukraine and southern Belarus) in December 1526.[1] The Lithuanian Army, commanded by Konstanty Ostrogski, pursued the invaders and soundly defeated them at Olshanitsa (Ольшаница), a village south of Kiev. Remaining Tatars were defeated by Ostap Dashkevych and Yuri Olelkovich near Kaniv and Cherkasy.[4]

After the battle, the Lithuanians released Khan Sheikh Ahmed,[2] the deposed Khan of the Golden Horde, who was imprisoned for more than twenty years. Sheikh Ahmed, an enemy of the Crimean Khanate, was used by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania as a bargaining chip in negotiations against the Crimean Tatars.[5] After these events both Saadet I Giray and İslâm I Giray sent letters to Sigismund I the Old of Poland–Lithuania offering peace and an alliance against the Grand Duchy of Moscow. The plans, however, were interrupted by renewed internal disagreements within the Crimean Khanate.[2]

The battle was described by Justus Ludwik Decjusz in Sendbrief von der grossen Schlacht.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Gudavičius, Edvardas (1985–1988). "Olšanicos mūšis". In Zinkus, Jonas; et al. (eds.). Tarybų Lietuvos enciklopedija (in Lithuanian). 3. Vilnius: Vyriausioji enciklopedijų redakcija. p. 239. OCLC 20017802.
  2. ^ a b c d Kolodziejczyk, Dariusz (2011). The Crimean Khanate and Poland-Lithuania: International Diplomacy on the European Periphery (15th-18th Century). A Study of Peace Treaties Followed by Annotated Documents. The Ottoman Empire and its Heritage. BRILL. pp. 66–68. ISBN 9789004191907.
  3. ^ Lietuvos istorijos institutas (2009-08-09). "1530 08 10 mirė Lietuvos DK didysis etmonas Konstantinas Ostrogiškis". Lietuvos Didžiosios Kunigaikštystės kalendorius (in Lithuanian). Delfi.lt. Retrieved 2015-07-16.
  4. ^ Пазднякоў, В (2005). "Бітва на Альшаніцы 1527". Вялікае Княства Літоўскае (in Belarusian). 1. Беларуская Энцыклапедыя імя П. Броўкі. pp. 333–334. ISBN 985-11-0314-4.
  5. ^ Howorth, Henry Hoyle (1880). History of the Mongols from the 9th to the 19th Century. 2. Longmans, Green, and Co. pp. 346, 462. OCLC 49793717.
  6. ^ Bietenholz, Peter G.; Deutscher, Thomas Brian (2003). Contemporaries of Erasmus: A Biographical Register of the Renaissance and Reformation, Volumes 1-3. University of Toronto Press. p. 381. ISBN 9780802085771.