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Battle of Manupur (1748)

The Battle of Manupur was fought between the Mughal Empire and the Durrani Empire in 1748.

Battle of Manupur
Part of Indian Campaign of Ahmad Shah Durrani
Date11 March 1748
Result Decisive Mughal victory.[1][2][3]
Mughal Empire Flag of the Afghan (Durrani Emirate).jpg Durrani Empire
Commanders and leaders
Ahmad Shah Bahadur, Mir Mannu Flag of the Afghan (Durrani Emirate).jpg Ahmad Shah Durrani



After the death of Persian Emperor Nadir Shah, General Ahmad Shah Durrani seized Persian Afghanistan and launched the first invasion of India. Ahmad Shah Durrani occupied Peshawar, the first military post on the Indian side. Then, he reached Shahdra and defeated Shahnawaz Khan and Adina beginning on January 11, 1748. Shah was flushed with the victory and commanded his troops to march Delhi.


While on the way to Delhi, his army was stopped at Sirhind where Qamruddin died fighting in the battle before he appointed Muin-ul-Mulk alias Mir Mannu and the battle continued. In the battle, the artillery store of Ahmad Shah Durrani caught fire which roasted thousands of Durrani soldiers alive. He, therefore, had to retreat at night which resulted in his failure.[4]


After the retreat of Durrani, the panicked Mughal did not chase them but the invaders were harassed by Sikh bands under Charat Singh and Maharaja of Patiala Ala Singh. Sikhs looted their booty and horses while they were on the way back to Kabul. Thus, the first invasion of Shah proved a failure but it gave an opportunity to the Sikhs to organize themselves into Dal Khalsa, an army of Sikh Confederacy, at Amritsar in March 1748.[5][6]


  1. ^ "A Concise History of Afghanistan in 25 Volumes, Volume 14". Retrieved 29 December 2014.
  2. ^ Grewal, J.S. (1990). The Sikhs of the Punjab. Cambridge University Press. p. 87. ISBN 0 521 63764 3. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
  3. ^ Jacques, Tony. Dictionary of Battles and Sieges. Greenwood Press. p. 631. ISBN 978-0-313-33536-5.
  4. ^ History of Islam, p. 509, at Google Books
  5. ^ Mehta, J. L. (2005). Advanced study in the history of modern India 1707–1813. Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd. p. 251. ISBN 978-1-932705-54-6. Retrieved 2010-09-23.
  6. ^