After sending away royal appointed governor of the Viceroyalty of Peru, Blasco Núñez Vela and later defeating and killing him in the battle of Añaquito, Gonzalo Pizarro assembled an army of 1,200 men to press claims for the rule over Peru, once belonging to him and his brothers. The new viceroy, Pedro de la Gasca, landed in Peru in 1547, and a contingent of his troops, led by Diego Centeno, was severely defeated at Huarina by Francisco de Carvajal (dubbed the Demon of the Andes, for his treatment of native Peruvians in his quest for glory and power.)

Battle of Huarina
Part of the Spanish conquest of Peru
DateOctober 20, 1547
Huarina, present-day Bolivia
Result Decisive victory for Nueva Castilla
Viceroyalty of Peru Nueva Castilla
Commanders and leaders
Diego Centeno Francisco de Carvajal,
Gonzalo Pizarro
750 infantry,
250 cavalry[1]
Casualties and losses
350 dead,
~350 wounded[2]
100 dead[2]

Centeno, however, remained successful in retreating in order and later united with the main force under de la Gasca. Ultimately, the viceroy won the cause of most of Gonzalo Pizarro's officers and men, and on April 9, 1548, the pizarrists were finally overthrown in the battle of Jaquijahuana.

Notes edit

  1. ^ Prescott, p. 1189. Estimates for Centeno's forces range from 700 to 1,200. Prescott considers Zarate's intermediate figure of 1,000 to be the most likely.
  2. ^ a b Prescott, p. 1193

References edit

  • "La Conquista del Perú - Blasco Núñez Vela" (in Spanish). Fundacion Telefonica, Educared. Archived from the original on 2008-08-14.
  • Prescott, William Hickling (2004). The Conquest of Peru. Digital Antiquaria. ISBN 1-58057-302-9..