Battle of Cassano (1259)

The Battle of Cassano was fought in the Autumn of 1259 between Guelph and Ghibelline armies in Northern Italy.

Battle of Cassano
Part of Guelphs and Ghibellines
BattCass1259.jpg
The Defeat of Ezzelino da Romano
DateSeptember 16, 1259[6][7]
Location
Result Decisive Guelph victory[7][1]
Belligerents
Arms of the house of Este (1).svg Guelphs: [1][2][3]
House of Este
House of Pallavicino
House of Della Torre
Shield and Coat of Arms of the Holy Roman Emperor (c.1200-c.1300).svg Ghibellines: [4][5]
Brescia, Verona,
Vicenza, Pedemonte,
German Knights
Commanders and leaders
Azzo VII d'Este
[6][3][8][9]
Ezzelino III da Romano+ 
[4][9][10][11]
Strength
Troops from:[12][13]
Milan, Cremona,
Mantua and Ferrara
8,000 Cavalry[4][5]
Incl. 3,000 Knights [4][5]
Casualties and losses
Unknown Heavy[11][12][14]

In 1259, Ezzelino da Romano and his Ghibelline army moved into Lombardy and besieged Orci Novi.[8] However, the approach of the Guelph army forced Ezzelino to abandon the siege and cross the Oglio River. Joined by exiled nobles from Milan, the Ghibellines attempted to take the city of Monza by force but failed.[12] Ezzelino and his troops, aware of their now-dangerous position, retreated to the Adda River.[12]

Here, Ezzelino and his troops were defeated by the Guelphs under Azzo VII d'Este.[4][10] Ezzelino was wounded and captured,[1] and imprisoned at Soncino, where he died of his wounds a few days later.[8]

In Soncino, a weekly bell ring recalls Ezzelino III da Romano's death. Legend has it that he was buried with his treasure.[citation needed]

SourcesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Böttiger, Karl Wilhelm (1835). Geschichte des deutschen Volkes und des deutschen Landes, Volume 1. Leipzig und Stuttgart.
  2. ^ Lea, Henry Charles (1887). A History of the Inquisition of the Middle Ages Part Two. New York.
  3. ^ a b Wagener, Friedrich Wilhelm Hermann (1862). Staats- und Gesellschafts-Lexikon: Vol X. Berlin.
  4. ^ a b c d e Dr. Kortüm, Friedrich (1863). Geschichtliche Forschungen im Gebiete des Alterthums, des Mittelalters und der Neuzeit. Leipzig und Heidelberg.
  5. ^ a b c de Cherrier, Claude (1841). Histoire de la lutte des papes. Paris.
  6. ^ a b Vincent, Benjamin (1868). Haydn's Dictionary of Dates. London.
  7. ^ a b Kaemmel, Otto (1902). Spamer's Illustrierte Weltgeschichte. Leipzig.
  8. ^ a b c Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1844). The Biographical Dictionary, Volume 4, Part 1. London.
  9. ^ a b Herbermann, Charles George (1913). The Catholic encyclopedia, Volume 7. New York.
  10. ^ a b Meyer, Hermann Julius (1858). Neues Conversations-Lexikon für alle Stände: Buchhandel - Cronegk, Volume 4. Hildburghausen und New York.
  11. ^ a b Moscardo, Lodovico (1668). Historia di Verona. Verona.
  12. ^ a b c d Ersch, Johann Samuel (1832). Allgemeine encyclopädie der wissenschaften und künste. Leipzig.
  13. ^ Stowell, William Hendry (1823). The Eclectic review, Volume 19. London.
  14. ^ Vanzon, Carlo Antonio (1842). Dizionario universale della lingua italiana. Palermo.

Coordinates: 45°31′34″N 9°31′00″E / 45.52606°N 9.516771°E / 45.52606; 9.516771