Battle of Brüx

The Battle of Brüx was fought on 5 August 1421 in North Bohemia during the Hussite Wars. The Hussite troops, led by Jan Želivský, were defeated by the Catholic Imperial forces of Frederick I of Saxony.

Battle of Brüx
Part of Hussite Wars
Hněvín 1602.jpg
Detail view of the Hněvín Castle in Most on an engraving from 1602.
Date5 August 1421
Location
Brüx, North Bohemia
Result Catholic victory
Belligerents
Margravate of Meissen
Bohemian Catholic nobility

Hussite coalition

Commanders and leaders

Arms of Flanders.svg Frederick of Meissen

Jan Želivský
Casualties and losses
1,000 1,000

BattleEdit

On 16 March 1421, the Hussite troops under the command of Jan Žižka had stormed the town of Chomutov, located a few kilometers west of Brüx, and killed its approximately 2,500 inhabitants. They then went to Prague, causing extensive damage in the towns populated by Germans or Catholics. In early July, the Hussites headed north, this time led by the priest Jan Želivský, pillaging the passing Teplice and Duchcov, and on July 12 seized Bílina. Two weeks later, they set up a Wagenburg (fortress formed by wagons) in the village of Saras and from there launched attacks against Brüx, until they were defeated on 5 August by forces sent by Frederick of Saxony and supported by the Brüx neighbors.

AftermathEdit

The victory of the Imperial-Catholic had no major impact on the further development of the Hussite wars since the Hussites retained military superiority over the following years. However, this success meant Frederick I of Saxony was elevated to the rank of Duke and Elector, while Želivský was removed from command shortly after and executed in March 1422. Despite the defeat, it did not cease altogether attacks from the Hussites against the territories of Saxony and Meissen so that they could not provide military support to the emperor Sigismund.

TraditionEdit

Since 1421, the city of Brüx, now called Most, holds a festival every year in thanks for deliverance from the Hussites. This tradition continued even after their expulsions in 1945–46 outside of the home to this day. This custom is one of the traditions from the Hussite wars to live on to the present day.

ReferencesEdit

  • Lorenz of Brösau (lat .: Lawrence of Brezova): The Hussites, a contemporary chronicle, last in German published in 1988 by Verlag Styria (translated from Latin and Old Czech; Title of the original: Chronicon)
  • Frantisek Palacky: The history of Hussitenthums; in: Critical Studies, Prague, 1868
  • F. von Bezold: King Sigmund and the Empire wars against the Hussites; Munich, 1872
  • A. Kutschera: From the days of the Hussite Wars - King Siegmund in the struggle for Prague; in: From Austria's past, Vol 5, Leipzig, Prague, Vienna, 1917
  • Piotr Marczak: Hussite wars, Warsaw Egros
  • Heinz Rieder: The Hussites, Casimir Katz Publishing, 1998, ISBN 3925825711