Batken (also called Batkent) is a town in southwestern Kyrgyzstan, on the southern fringe of the Fergana Valley. It is the administrative seat of Batken Region.[2] Since 2000, it is a city of regional significance, i.e. not part of a district.[3] However, it is still the administrative seat of Batken District.[2] Its area is 205 square kilometres (79 sq mi),[4] and its resident population was 27,730 in 2021 (both including the villages Bulak-Bashy, Kyzyl-Jol and Bazar-Bashy). The population of the town proper was 15,805.[1]

Batken
Баткен
Flag of Batken
Official seal of Batken
Batken is located in Kyrgyzstan
Batken
Batken
Location in Kyrgyzstan
Coordinates: 40°4′N 70°49′E / 40.067°N 70.817°E / 40.067; 70.817
Country Kyrgyzstan
RegionBatken Region
Government
 • GubernatorSultanbay Ayjigitov
Area
 • City205 km2 (79 sq mi)
Elevation
1,042 m (3,419 ft)
Population
 (2021)[1]
 • City27,730
 • Density140/km2 (350/sq mi)
 • Urban
15,805
Time zoneUTC+6 (KGT)
Area code+996 3622

History edit

The name Batkent is from the Iranian language of Sogdian and means "The city of wind".[5] Batken became the administrative headquarters of the youngest of Kyrgyzstan's seven regions, created from the three westernmost districts of Osh Region in 1999, after concerns over radical Islamist activities in neighboring Tajikistan and Uzbekistan led to demands for a more direct and visible governmental presence in this remote and mountainous region.[citation needed] Batken Airport links the town with Bishkek. Since 2000, there is a small university in Batken.[citation needed]

The 2022 Kyrgyzstan-Tajikistan clashes has heavily damaged the town, which has been subject to shelling. Some residents returned to the city throughout the day from the villages to which they had repaired to avoid the danger of fresh shelling. In the evening, they left again. Most of the shelling and incursions by Tajik troops occurred in places right on the border. On September 16, though, the odd projectile landed on Batken too, despite it lying several kilometers from Tajikistan.[6]

Population edit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
200919,718—    
202127,730+2.88%
Note: resident population; Sources:[4][1]

Climate edit

Batken has a cold steppe climate (Köppen climate classification: BSk), bordering on a Mediterranean climate (Csa) and a continental Mediterranean climate (Dsa). The average annual temperature in Batken is 11.6 °C (52.9 °F). About 367 mm (14.45 in) of precipitation falls annually.

Climate data for Batken
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 1.2
(34.2)
3.7
(38.7)
10.5
(50.9)
19.1
(66.4)
24.6
(76.3)
30.0
(86.0)
32.5
(90.5)
31.1
(88.0)
26.4
(79.5)
18.5
(65.3)
9.8
(49.6)
3.4
(38.1)
17.6
(63.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) −2.8
(27.0)
−0.5
(31.1)
5.8
(42.4)
13.3
(55.9)
18.0
(64.4)
22.6
(72.7)
24.9
(76.8)
23.2
(73.8)
18.3
(64.9)
11.8
(53.2)
4.8
(40.6)
−0.3
(31.5)
11.6
(52.9)
Average low °C (°F) −6.7
(19.9)
−4.7
(23.5)
1.2
(34.2)
7.6
(45.7)
11.5
(52.7)
15.2
(59.4)
17.3
(63.1)
15.4
(59.7)
10.3
(50.5)
5.1
(41.2)
−0.1
(31.8)
−4.0
(24.8)
5.7
(42.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 40
(1.6)
39
(1.5)
57
(2.2)
51
(2.0)
47
(1.9)
16
(0.6)
8
(0.3)
3
(0.1)
5
(0.2)
32
(1.3)
30
(1.2)
39
(1.5)
367
(14.4)
Source: https://en.climate-data.org/location/28040/

References edit

  1. ^ a b c "Population of regions, districts, towns, urban-type settlements, rural communities and villages of Kyrgyz Republic" (XLS) (in Russian). National Statistics Committee of the Kyrgyz Republic. 2021. Archived from the original on 10 November 2021.
  2. ^ a b "Classification system of territorial units of the Kyrgyz Republic" (in Kyrgyz). National Statistics Committee of the Kyrgyz Republic. May 2021. pp. 39–40.
  3. ^ Law 18 February 2000 No. 42
  4. ^ a b "2009 population and housing census of the Kyrgyz Republic: Batken Region" (PDF) (in Russian). National Statistics Committee of the Kyrgyz Republic. 2010. pp. 14, 17.
  5. ^ Everett-Heath, John (2019-10-24), "Batken", The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names, Oxford University Press, doi:10.1093/acref/9780191882913.001.0001, ISBN 978-0-19-188291-3, retrieved 2022-11-30
  6. ^ Usmanov, Danil (2022-09-18). "Kyrgyzstan-Tajikistan: The terror and death of a fruitless border conflict". Eurasianet. Retrieved 2022-09-18.