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Basra Eyalet (Ottoman Turkish: ایالت بصره; Eyālet-i Baṣrâ‎)[1] was an eyalet of the Ottoman Empire. Its reported area in the 19th century was 9,872 square miles (25,570 km2).[2] It had a Defterdar and Kehiya of the Chavushes but neither Alai-beg nor Cheribashi because there were no ziamets or Timars, the lands being all rented by the governor.[3]

Eyālet-i Baṣrâ
Eyalet of the Ottoman Empire
Basra Eyalet, Ottoman Empire (1609).png
The Basra Eyalet in 1609
• Established
• Disestablished
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Safavid dynasty
Basra Vilayet
Today part of Iraq


Basra had formerly a hereditary government (mulkiat), but it was reduced to an ordinary eyalet when conquered by Sultan Mehmed IV.[3] In 1534, when the Ottomans captured Baghdad, Rashid al-Mughamis, the Bedouin emir who then controlled Basra, submitted to Ottomans.[4] Basra became an Ottoman province in 1538,[5] and an Ottoman governor was appointed by 1546.[4] The eyalet was later subordinated to Baghdad during the Mamluk dynasty of Iraq, and was separated from Baghdad again from 1850 to 1862.[6]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Some Provinces of the Ottoman Empire". Archived from the original on 28 September 2013. Retrieved 25 February 2013.
  2. ^ The Popular encyclopedia: or, conversations lexicon. 6. Blackie. 1862. p. 698. Retrieved 2013-06-27.
  3. ^ a b Evliya Çelebi; Joseph von Hammer-Purgstall (1834). Narrative of Travels in Europe, Asia, and Africa in the Seventeenth Century. 1. Oriental Translation Fund. p. 90. Retrieved 2013-06-27.
  4. ^ a b Gábor Ágoston; Bruce Alan Masters (2009). Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire. Infobase Publishing. p. 78. ISBN 978-1-4381-1025-7. Retrieved 2013-06-27.
  5. ^ "The Ottoman Turks and the Portuguese in the Arab Gulf 1534-1581" (PDF). p. 2.[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ Reidar Visser (2005). Basra, the Failed Gulf State: Separatism And Nationalism in Southern Iraq. LIT Verlag Münster. p. 19. ISBN 978-3-8258-8799-5. Retrieved 2013-06-27.