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List of Ottoman Ministers of Finance

  (Redirected from Defterdar)

History of the officeEdit

 
Depiction of a defterdar, anonymous Greek artist, ca. 1809

The exact date of the formal establishment of the office is unknown.[1] According to some sources, the first defterdar was the Kadı (judge) of Mihaliç, Çelebi bin Mehmed, appointed in 1359 or 1360, during the reign of Murad I.[1] During the reign of Bayezid I (1389–1402), the poet Zahiri is mentioned as the defterdar.[1]

In the classical period, the finances of the Empire were organized under a single Defterdar, literally the main bookkeeper, in charge of a single imperial treasury (Hazine-i Amire). Starting in 1793, smaller treasuries independent of the imperial treasury were organized, each with a separate defterdar in charge. In 1837, a modern ministry was founded under the name of Maliye Nezareti, merging most of the independent treasuries back to the Imperial Treasury. In 1840, the merging of the remaining independent treasuries was completed.[2]

Rank and titleEdit

Ministers of Finance in the classical period were called Defterdar, were members of the Divan-ı Hümayun and held rank higher than agha (military commander of the central organization, situated in Istanbul) and bey (provincial governor), and lower than vizier and kazasker (chief judge).[3] Starting from 1837, Ministers of Finance were called Maliye Nazırı, held the rank of vizier, and were titled Pasha.[2]

List of Defterdars (until 1837)Edit

The office of the Defterdar continued until 1837.[2]

Reign of Sultan Mehmed IIEdit

  • Titrek Sinan Çelebi (1452–1459)
  • Hekim Yakup Pasha (1459)
  • Osman Çelebi (1461)
  • Fenarı–zade Ahmed Çelebi (1474–1479)
  • Nureddin Hamza Ibn–i Ali Efendi (Leys Çelebi) (1479–1482), 1st term

Reign of Sultan Bayezid IIEdit

  • Feylezof–zade Ahmed Çelebi (1482–1485)
  • Isa Fakih (1485–1486)
  • Nureddin Hamza Ibn–i Ali Efendi (Leys Çelebi) (1486–1492), 2nd term
  • Cendereci–zade/Çandarlı Şemseddin (1492–1495)
  • Nureddin Hamza Ibn–i Ali Efendi (Leys Çelebi) (1495–1499), 3rd term
  • Ahmed Çelebi (1499–1501), 1st term
  • Hüseyin Çelebi (1501–1502)
  • Taci Bey (1502)
  • Nureddin Hamza Ibn–i Ali Efendi (Leys Çelebi) (1502–1504), 4th term
  • Cezeri–zade Koca Kasım Safı Pasha (1504), 1st term
  • Hüsameddin Çelebi (1511)
  • Piri Mehmed Pasha (1511)

Reign of Sultan Selim IEdit

  • Piri Mehmed Çelebi (1512–1520), continued from previous reign
  • Şemsi Bey/Pasha (1514–1516)
  • Iskender Çelebi (1516–1517)
  • Çömlekçi–zade Kemalettin Çelebi (1517–1518)
  • Hoca–zade Mehmed Çelebi (1518–1519)
  • Abdülkerim–zade Abdülvehhab Hayali Çelebi (1519)
  • Cezeri–zade Koca Kasım Safı Pasha (1519), 2nd term
  • Ahmed Çelebi (1519–1520), 2nd term

Reign of Sultan Suleiman the MagnificentEdit

  • Ahmed Çelebi (1520–1521), continued from previous reign
  • Mehmed Çelebi (1521–1525)
  • Abdülselam Çelebi (1525)
  • Iskender Çelebi (1525 – March 1535)[4]
  • Mustafa Çelebi (1534–1536)
  • Ramazan–zade Yeşilce Mehmed Çelebi (1536–1537)
  • Nazlı Mahmud Çelebi (1537–1542), 1st term
  • Ibrahim Çelebi/Pasha (1542–1544)
  • Nazlı Mahmud Çelebi (1544–1546), 2nd term
  • Sinan Çelebi Pasha (1546–1548)
  • Çivi–zade Abdullah/Abdi Çelebi (1548–1553)
  • Lütfi Bey/Çelebi (1553–1556)
  • Hasan Çelebi (1556–1557)
  • Muytab–zade Ahmed Çelebi (1557)
  • Eğri Abdi–zade Mehmed Bey/Çelebi (1557–1561)
  • Baba Nakkaş–zade Derviş Çelebi (1561–1562), 1st term
  • Murad Çelebi (1562–1566)

Reign of Sultan Selim IIEdit

  • Murad Çelebi (1566), continued from previous reign
  • Ebu'l–fazl Mehmed Çelebi (1566–1569)
  • Baba Nakkaş–zade Derviş Çelebi (1569–1573), 2nd term
  • Lale–i izar/Lalezar–zade/Laleli–zade Mehmed Çelebi (1573–1575), 1st term

Reign of Murad IIIEdit

Reign of Sultan Mehmed IIIEdit

  • Baş–Hasan Efendi/Pasha (1595)
  • Emir Mehmed Pasha (1595), 2nd term
  • Mezbeleturpu Mahmud Efendi/Pasha (1595–1596)
  • Maktul Hacı Ibrahim Pasha (1596), 4th term
  • Ali Çavuş/Efendi (1596–1597)
  • Tophaneli Mahmud Efendi/Pasha (1597), 1st term
  • Ali Çavuş/Efendi (1597)
  • Tophaneli Mahmud Efendi/Pasha (1597–1598), 2nd term
  • Tezkireci–zade Mahmud Pasha (1598–1599)
  • Burhaneddin Pasha (1599–1600), 2nd term
  • Tophaneli Mahmud Efendi/Pasha (1600–1603), 3rd term

Reign of Sultan Ahmed IEdit

  • Tophaneli Mahmud Efendi/Pasha (1603), continued from previous reign
  • Musa Çelebi–zade Mehmed Pasha (1603–1604)
  • Hafız Mahmud Efendi (1604–1605)
  • Tophaneli Mahmud Efendi/Pasha (1605–1606), 4th term
  • Etmekçi/Ekmekçi–zade Ahmed Pasha (1606–1613)
  • Lanka–zade Mustafa Efendi (1614–1615), 1st term
  • Abdülbaki/Baki Efendi/Pasha (1614–1615), 1st term
  • Lanka–zade Mustafa Efendi (1615–1616), 2nd term
  • Rizeli Hasan Pasha (1617), 1st term

1st Reign of Sultan Mustafa IEdit

  • Rizeli Hasan Pasha (1618), continued from previous reign
  • Yahnikapan Abdulkerim Efendi/Pasha (1618), 1st term

Reign of Sultan Osman IIEdit

  • Yahnikapan Abdulkerim Efendi/Pasha (1619), continued from previous reign
  • Rizeli Hasan Pasha (1620–1621), 2nd term
  • Abdulbaki/Baki Pasha (1621–1622), 2nd term

2nd Reign of Sultan Mustafa IEdit

  • Rizeli Hasan Pasha (1622–1624), 3rd term

Reign of Sultan Murad IVEdit

  • Abdulbaki/Baki Pasha (1624–1625), 3rd term
  • Yahnikapan Abdulkerim Pasha (1625), 2nd term
  • Ebubekir Efendi/Pasha (1625), 1st term
  • Ömer Pasha (1625–1626)
  • Ebubekir Efendi/Pasha (1626–1629), 2nd term
  • Softa Mustafa Pasha (1629–1632)
  • Hüseyin Efendi (1632)
  • Prevezeli Mustafa Pasha (1632–1633)
  • Mostarlı Ibrahim Pasha (1633–1636)
  • Sofu Mehmet Pasha (1636–1639)
  • Defterdarzade Ibrahim Pasha (1639)

Reign of Sultan IbrahimEdit

Reign of Sultan Mehmed IVEdit

List of Ministers of Finance (1837 and later)Edit

In 1837, a modern ministry was founded under the name of Maliye Nezareti (Ministry of Finance).[5][6]

Reign of Sultan Mahmud IIEdit

Reign of Sultan Abdülmecid IEdit

Reign of AbdülazizEdit

Reign of Murad VEdit

Reign of Abdulhamid IIEdit

Reign of Sultan Mehmed VEdit

Reign of Sultan Mehmed VIEdit

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Maliye Teşkilatı Tarihçesi ve Mevzuatı. Ankara: T.C. Maliye Bakanlığı (Turkish Ministry of Finance). 1994. p. 5. 1994/3.
  2. ^ a b c Maliye Teşkilatı Tarihçesi ve Mevzuatı. Ankara: T.C. Maliye Bakanlığı (Turkish Ministry of Finance). 1994. pp. 5–44, 131–142. 1994/3.
  3. ^ "Tarihçe-i Defterdarlık". T.C. Maliye Bakanlığı (Turkish Ministry of Finance). Archived from the original on 2007-02-17. Retrieved 2007-01-15.
  4. ^ Great Ottoman History by Ord. Prof. I. Hakki Uzun Carsi
  5. ^ Sicil-i Osmani, Mehmet Süreyya Bey
  6. ^ Son Dönem Osmanlı Erkan ve Ricali (1839 - 1922) Prosopografik Rehber, Sinan Kuneralp, ISIS Press, İstanbul, ISBN 978-975-428-118-7, 1999
  7. ^ Balta, Evangelia; Ayșe Kavak (2018-02-28). "Publisher of the newspaper Konstantinoupolis for half a century. Following the trail of Dimitris Nikolaidis in the Ottoman archives". In Sagaster, Börte; Theoharis Stavrides; Birgitt Hoffmann (eds.). Press and Mass Communication in the Middle East: Festschrift for Martin Strohmeier. University of Bamberg Press. pp. 33-. ISBN 9783863095277. - Volume 12 of Bamberger Orientstudien - Old ISBN: 3863095278 // cited: p. 44.