Basilica of Nuestra Señora de Soledad

The Basilica of Nuestra Señora de Soledad (Basilica of Our Lady of Solitude) is a Roman Catholic Basilica located in Oaxaca de Juárez, Oaxaca, Mexico. It was built between 1682 and 1690, and is a sanctuary dedicated to Our Lady of Solitude, patron saint of Oaxaca.[1] The architecture style is Baroque,[2] and was intentionally built with low spires and towers, as to better resist earthquakes. The Basilica de la Soledad is part of the Historic Center of Oaxaca City, which was declared World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1987.[3]

Basílica de Nuestra Señora de la Soledad
Facade of the Basílica de Nuestra Señora de la Soledad
AffiliationRoman Catholic
ProvinceArchdiocese of Antequera, Oaxaca
RiteLatin Rite
Ecclesiastical or organizational statusBasilica
Year consecrated1690
LocationMexico Oaxaca de Juárez
Geographic coordinates17°03′49″N 96°43′49″W / 17.06361°N 96.73028°W / 17.06361; -96.73028
Architect(s)Fernando Méndez
TypeLatin Cross
Direction of façadeEast-northeast

History Edit

The construction of the Basilica began in 1682 and in 1690 was consecrated by Bishop Sariñana y Cuenca. It was designed by Father Fernando Méndez and the current facade was built between 1717 and 1718, with the assistance of Bishop Angel Maldonado.[4]

Description Edit

The Basilica of La Soledad is laid out in the shape of a Latin cross. The building was constructed from green cantera, a stone common in parts of Oaxaca.

The west gallery contains a baroque pipe organ dated 1686, restored to playing condition in 2000.[5]

Virgin Mary, kneeling and weeping at the foot of the Cross.

See also Edit

References Edit

  1. ^ "Basilica de Nuestra Senora de la Soledad Review". Fodor's Travel. Archived from the original on 2010-01-14. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
  2. ^ "Sacred Destinations: Basilica de la Soledad, Oaxaca". Sacred Destinations. Archived from the original on 2010-04-05. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
  3. ^ Rivera Rosas, Ricardo (2008). The measurement of the economic impact and damage to Oaxaca City tourism economy, after the sociopolitical movement in 2006 (PDF) (Report). 9th internacional forum of Tourism Statistics.[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ Municipality of Oaxaca. "Templos y Ex Conventos" [Churches and ex-monasteries] (in Spanish). Oaxaca. Archived from the original on 11 June 2007. Retrieved 8 September 2009.
  5. ^ The Organ of La Soledad