Basic Law: The Government

Basic Law: The Government (Hebrewחוֹק יְסוֹד: הַמֶּמְשָׁלָה‎) is a Basic Law, first legislated in the Sixth Knesset, on 13 August 1968 (י״ט באב התשכ״ח‎, Hebrew calendar). It was substituted by an additional Basic Law: The Government of 1992, in the Twelfth Knesset on 18 March 1992 (י״ג באדר ב׳ התשנ״ב‎), in order to change the electoral system, with the purpose of creating a direct prime ministerial elections system. After concluding the old parliamentary system of government was the best option for the complex composition of the Israeli society, it was once again substituted by an additional Basic Law: The Government of 2001, in the Fifteenth Knesset, on 7 March 2001 (י״ב באדר התשס״א‎), in order to cancel the previous additional law of 1992 that had replaced the original law of 1968, and with the purpose of restoring the old parliamentary system.

Basic Law: The Government
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CitationSĦ 5761 158
Enacted18 March 2001
Legislative history
Bill citationפ-1287-14
First reading21 December 1998
Second reading7 March 2001
Third reading7 March 2001
Replaced "Basic Law: The Government (SĦ 5752 214)"
Amended by
SĦ 5774 346, SĦ 5774 554, SĦ 5775 188, SĦ 5775 249
Status: Amended

The basic law determines the composition of the Government, its roles and authorities.

Basic Law: The Government (2001), main provisionsEdit

  • 5–6: "The Government is composed of a Prime Minister and other ministers.... The Prime Minister shall be a member of the Knesset... A Minister need not be a member of the Knesset [he may be] ... A Minister must be an Israeli citizen and a resident of Israel."
  • 7: "When a new Government has to be constituted, the President of the State shall, after consultation with representatives of party groups in the Knesset, assign the task of forming a Government to a Knesset Member who has notified him that he is prepared to accept the task; the President shall do so within seven days of the publication of the election results, or should the need arise to form a new government; and in the case of the death of the Prime Minister, within 14 days of his death."
  • 28: "The Knesset may adopt an expression of no confidence in the Government... An expression of no confidence in the Government will be by a decision adopted by the majority of the Members of Knesset to request that the President assign the task of forming a Government to a certain Knesset member who gave his written consent thereto... If the Knesset has expressed no confidence in the Government, the Government shall be deemed to have resigned."
  • 29: "the Prime Minister... may, with the approval of the President of the State, disperse the Knesset ... and the Government shall be deemed to have resigned."

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