The Basel Program was the first manifesto of the Zionist movement, drafted between 27 and 30 August 1897 and adopted unanimously at the First Zionist Congress in Basel, Switzerland on 30 August 1897.

The original "Basel Program", as agreed at the conference. The indicated amendment changes "by law" to "by public law".

In 1951, it was replaced by the Jerusalem Program.

History edit

The Basel Program was drafted by a committee elected on Sunday 29 August 1897[1] comprising Max Nordau (heading the committee),[2] Nathan Birnbaum, Alexander Mintz, Siegmund Rosenberg, Saul Rafael Landau,[3][2][4] together with Hermann Schapira and Max Bodenheimer who were added to the committee on the basis of them having both drafted previous similar programs (including the "Kölner Thesen").[1]

The seven-man committee prepared the Program over three drafting meetings.[1]

Goals edit

The program set out the goals of the Zionist movement as follows:[5]

Zionism seeks to establish a home in Palestine for the Jewish people, secured under public law.[6]

To achieve this goal, the Congress envisages the following means:

1. The expedient promotion of the settlement of Jewish agriculturists, artisans, and businessmen in Palestine.

2. The organization and bringing together of all Jews through local and general events, according to the laws of the various countries.

3. The strengthening of Jewish feeling and national consciousness.

4. Preparatory steps for obtaining the governmental approval which is necessary to the achievement of the Zionist purpose.

References edit

  1. ^ a b c Jubilee Publication 1947, p. 73.
  2. ^ a b Epstein 2016, p. 54,83-87.
  3. ^ Bodenheimer 1963, p. 102"...the commission, whose members were Nordau, Nathan Birnbaum, Sigmund Rosenberg, Dr. Minz, and Saul Rafael Landau was formed, and in addition Professor Schapira and I were also included..."
  4. ^ Skolnik, Fred; Berenbaum, Michael (2007), Encyclopaedia Judaica, Macmillan Reference USA, p. 202, ISBN 978-0-02-865931-2
  5. ^ Zionisten-Congress in Basel, Officielles Protocoll, 1898, pp. 114–119.
  6. ^ "Der Zionismus erstrebt für das jüdische Volk die Schaffung einer öffentlich-rechtlich gesicherten Heimstätte in Palästina." The original proposal had "rechtlich" rather than "öffentlich-rechtlich" but was altered during the Congress.

Bibliography edit