Joseph Micklethwaite, 1st Viscount Micklethwaite
Joseph Micklethwaite, 1st Viscount Micklethwaite (ca. 1680 – 16 January 1734) was an English politician, peer and diplomat.
Early life and family backgroundEdit
Joseph Micklethwaite was born circa 1680. The Micklethwaites were the descendants of Dr. Joseph Micklethwaite of York, who had retired from his physician's practice and had purchased the manor of Swine, becoming a gentleman farmer and an active county magistrate. Dr. Micklethwaite was married to Ann Topham, the widow of Christopher Topham, member of Parliament and York merchant, and the daughter of Percival Levett, a Sheriff of York and a merchant. Joseph's elder brother was Thomas Micklethwaite of Swine, Yorkshire, who represented Arundel in Parliament, was later a Lord of the Treasury, and subsequently was named Lieutenant-General of the Ordnance. 
Joseph Micklethwaite began his career working in the Netherlands for Lord Shaftesbury and then in Spain as secretary to Earl Stanhope, the English ambassador to Spain. On Stanhope's return to England, Micklethwaite became his business manager and, and while Stanhope was Chancellor of the Exchequer in 1717–18, his secretary. He succeeded in 1718 to his brother's fortune and parliamentary seat (until 1727) at Arundel.
On 14 August 1724, he was created Baron Micklethwaite, of Portarlington, in the Peerage of Ireland. On 6 June 1727, he was further created Viscount Micklethwaite, of Longford, in the same peerage. Lord Micklethwaite represented the town of Kingston upon Hull, in his native Yorkshire from 1727 to 1734.
Personal life and deathEdit
Lord Micklethwaite died unmarried in 1734 and his titles became extinct. He left his estate to his mistress, Anne Ewer, the sister of Jane Ewer, wife of the 3rd Earl of Shaftesbury, from whom it found its way into the Shaftesbury family.
- Memoirs of master John Shawe, written by himself, 1663–1664, published 1882
- "MICKLETHWAIT, Joseph (c.1680-1734), of Swine, nr. Hull, Yorks". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
- "No. 6292". The London Gazette. 4 August 1724. p. 1.
- "No. 6585". The London Gazette. 27 May 1727. p. 1.
- Wells, Samuel. History of the Drainage of the Great Level of the Fens Called ..., Volume 1. p. 488.
|Parliament of Great Britain|
| Member of Parliament for Arundel
With: Henry Lumley 1718–1722
Thomas Lumley 1722–1727
Sir John Shelley, Bt
The Viscount Gage
| Member of Parliament for Kingston upon Hull
With: George Crowle
|Peerage of Ireland|
|New creation|| Viscount Micklethwaite
| Baron Micklethwaite|