Thomas Lumley-Saunderson, 3rd Earl of Scarbrough
Born the Hon. Thomas Lumley, he was the third son of Richard Lumley, 1st Earl of Scarbrough and his wife, Frances. He entered the army before 1714, became Colonel of Tyrrell's Regiment of Dragoons in 1715 and a Lieutenant-Colonel in Lord Hinchinbroke's Regiment of Foot in 1717. From 1716 to 1731, he was Clerk of the Council of the Duchy of Lancaster, whilst also Envoy to Portugal from 1722 to 1724.
Lumley is thought to have raped Teresia Constantia Phillips at the age of 12 or 13 under the assumed name of "Thomas Grimes". Phillips herself never realised who her attacker was and intriguingly her later autobiography was dedicated to the 3rd Earl of Scarborough.
Lumley was the (anti-Walpole) Whig Member of Parliament for Arundel from 1722 to 1727 and for Lincolnshire from 1727 to 1740, when he inherited his childless, elder brother's titles. In 1723, he assumed the additional surname of Saunderson after inheriting the estate of his maternal cousin, James Saunderson, 1st Earl Castleton and was appointed a Knight Companion of the Order of the Bath in 1725. From 1726 to 1727, he was an Equerry to Frederick, Prince of Wales, to George II from 1727 to 1730 and Treasurer to the Prince of Wales from 1738 to 1751.
- Emma Plaskitt, ‘Phillips , Teresia Constantia (1709–1765)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 accessed 25 March 2015
| Envoy to Portugal
Brigadier James Dormer
|Parliament of Great Britain|
and Joseph Micklethwaite
| Member of Parliament for Arundel
With: Joseph Micklethwaite
Sir John Shelley, Bt.
and The Viscount Gage
and Robert Vyner
| Member of Parliament for Lincolnshire
With: Robert Vyner
and Thomas Whichcot
|Peerage of England|
| Earl of Scarbrough