Barakoni Church of the Mother of God (Georgian: ბარაკონის ღვთისმშობლის ტაძარი), commonly known as Barakoni (ბარაკონი), is an Orthodox church in Georgia, near the town of Ambrolauri, in the village of Tsesi of mountainous western province of Racha (modern-day Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti).[1]

Barakoni Church of the Mother of God
ბარაკონის ღვთისმშობლის ტაძარი
Barakoni church (G.N. 2009).jpg
Religion
AffiliationGeorgian Orthodox Church
DistrictRacha (historic region)
RegionCaucasus
Location
LocationTsesi, Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti Province (Mkhare),  Georgia
Barakoni is located in Georgia
Barakoni
Shown within Georgia
Geographic coordinates42°32′20″N 43°12′36″E / 42.538889°N 43.21°E / 42.538889; 43.21Coordinates: 42°32′20″N 43°12′36″E / 42.538889°N 43.21°E / 42.538889; 43.21
Architecture
Architect(s)Avtandil Shulavreli
TypeGeorgian; Church
StyleDomed cruciform plan
FounderRostom of Racha
Groundbreaking1753
Dome(s)1

Barakoni was commissioned, in 1753, by the local lord (eristavi) Rostom of Racha (1750-1769) from the architect Avtandil Shulavreli who is commemorated in the inscription of the eastern façade. It is a domed cruciform church and one of the last important monuments in the tradition of medieval Georgian architecture. The church was built of neatly trimmed stable stand stones and adorned with rich ornamentation. The church was closed and desecrated under the Bolshevik rule. It suffered further damage, though not serious, in the 1991 Racha earthquake, but was quickly repaired.[2][3] Located on a top of a steep cliff, it overlooks Rioni River which is joined the Lukhuni River just below the mountain.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Баракони" [Barakoni]. Retrieved 2011-02-14.
  2. ^ Sergiei Balassanian, Armando Cisternas, Mikael Melkumyan (2000), Earthquake Hazard and Seismic Risk Reduction, p. 130. Springer, ISBN 0-7923-6390-6.
  3. ^ (in Georgian) M. Dvali (1993). ბარაკონის ღვთისმშობლის ტაძარი (Barakoni Church of the Mother of God). Dzgelis Megobari 2: 23-7.