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The Barakah nuclear power plant (Arabic: محطة براكة للطاقة النووية‎) is the United Arab Emirates's first nuclear power station, the first nuclear power station in the Arabian Peninsula, and the first commercial nuclear power station in the Arab World. It is still under construction, and four APR-1400 nuclear reactors are planned to start operation successively between 2018 and 2020, at which point the plant will produce 5,600MW of power.[1] The site is in the Gharbiya region of Abu Dhabi, on the coastline between the Persian Gulf and the E11 highway, 50 km west of Ruwais.

Barakah Nuclear Power Plant
Barakah nuclear power plant.jpg
Barakah nuclear power plant
Official nameمحطة براكة للطاقة النووية
CountryUnited Arab Emirates
LocationApprox. 50 km west of Ruwais
Coordinates23°58′04″N 52°13′54″E / 23.96778°N 52.23167°E / 23.96778; 52.23167Coordinates: 23°58′04″N 52°13′54″E / 23.96778°N 52.23167°E / 23.96778; 52.23167
StatusUnder construction
Construction beganUnit 1: July 19, 2012
Unit 2: April 16, 2013
Unit 3: September 24, 2014
Unit 4: July 30, 2015
Construction cost$24.4 billion USD
Owner(s)ENEC
Nuclear power station
Reactor typePWR
Reactor supplierKEPCO
Cooling sourcePersian Gulf
Thermal capacity4 × 3983 MWth
Power generation
Make and modelAPR-1400
Units under const.4 × 1345 MW
Nameplate capacity5380 MW (after completion)
External links
CommonsRelated media on Commons

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Yukiya Amano visiting Barakah in 2013

In December 2009, Emirates Nuclear Energy Corporation (ENEC) awarded a coalition led by Korea Electric Power Corporation (KEPCO) a $20 billion bid to build the first nuclear power plant in the UAE. Barakah was chosen as the site to build four APR-1400 nuclear reactors successively, with the first scheduled to start supplying electricity in 2017.[2][3][4]

The plant's ground-breaking ceremony was held on 14 March 2011, including Korean President Lee Myung-bak.[5] Construction of the first unit was begun in the afternoon of 18 July 2012,[6][7] ahead of its scheduled date in late 2012. This happened despite delays being mooted in the wake of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster.[8] In May 2013, construction started on the second unit, which is expected to take five years.[9] The first safety-related concrete was poured for Unit 3 in September 2014.[10] Unit 4 started construction in September 2015.[1][11]

In 2011, Bloomberg reported that following detailed finance agreements, the build cost was put at $30 billion: $10 billion equity, $10 billion export-credit agency debt, and $10 billion from bank and sovereign debt. South Korea may earn a further $20 billion from operation, maintenance and fuel supply contracts.[12] A later Bloomberg report indicates the price as $25 billion.[13]

In 2014, the Barakah 1 reactor vessel was delivered onsite and site preparation works for Barakah 3 and 4 started.[14][15] Meanwhile, the concrete-and-steel reactor containment building for Barakah 1 was completed in January 2015.[1]

In March 2015, ENEC applied to FANR for operating licences for Units 1 and 2. The schedule is still for operation of Unit 1 starting in 2017, with the remaining units following annually, so Unit 4 is set to reach commercial operations in 2020.[16]

In September 2015, first concrete was poured for Unit 4. More than 18,000 staff were then working on the construction of all 4 units.[17]

In December 2017, the rebel Houthis group claimed to have fired a cruise missile in the direction of the Barakah plant, but the Emirati authorities said that no missiles had actually reached the UAE.[18]

As of 22 March 2018, the project's total cost was refined to $24.4 billion to complete. Startup of Unit 1 has been delayed to late 2018 to complete operator training in accordance with international standards.[19]

As reported on 17 December 2018, unit 1 was declared complete in 2018, however it is not expected to begin operations until late 2019 or early 2020.[20]

In March 2019, Qatar lodged a letter of complaint to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) regarding the Barakah nuclear power plant, stating concerns about its safety and lack of co-operation with regional states on the project as well as that it poses a serious threat to regional stability and the environment.[21] The UAE denied that there are safety issues with the plant stating that Barakah adheres to the highest standards of nuclear safety and security.[22]

Unit Type Construction start Operation start
(scheduled)
Notes
Barakah 1 APR-1400 19 July 2012 2019 [4][23][24][25]
Barakah 2 APR-1400 16 April 2013 2019 [26][25]
Barakah 3 APR-1400 24 Sept 2014 2020 [27][25]
Barakah 4 APR-1400 30 July 2015 2021 [28][25]

ConstructionEdit

  • Unit 1 is 100% complete as of May 2018.[29]
  • Unit 2 is 92% complete.
  • Unit 3 is 86% complete as of December 2018, and cold hydrostatic testing was undertaken.[30]
  • Unit 4 is 67% complete.

Overall construction completion rate for the entire plant is at 91%, as of March 2019.[30]


See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Barakah Nuclear Power Plant, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates". power-technology. 2015. Retrieved 1 August 2015.
  2. ^ "UAE Nuclear Power Plants". BBC News. 27 December 2009. Retrieved 5 May 2010.
  3. ^ "Quarter of UAE's power from nuclear energy by 2020". Emirates 24/7. Dubai Media. March 17, 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-22.
  4. ^ a b "Barakah plant delay sets back clean energy target". gulfnews.com. Retrieved 2019-03-19.
  5. ^ "Pres. Lee Attends Groundbreaking Ceremony for UAE's Nuclear Plant". Arirang TV. March 14, 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-22.
  6. ^ "Construction under way at Barakah". World Nuclear News. July 19, 2012. Retrieved 2012-07-19.
  7. ^ "ENEC Starts Construction of UAE's First Nuclear Energy Plant". Gulfnews. July 20, 2012. Retrieved 2012-07-19.
  8. ^ "UAE's Nuclear Watchdog Says To Review Atomic Energy Plans". Zawya Dow Jones. March 22, 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-22.
  9. ^ "UAE pours first concrete for Barakah 2". Nuclear Engineering International. 29 May 2013. Retrieved 29 June 2013.
  10. ^ "Construction starts on third Barakah unit". World Nuclear News. 8 May 2012. Retrieved 11 March 2015.
  11. ^ "UAE's fourth power reactor under construction". World Nuclear News. 2 September 2015. Retrieved 2 September 2015.
  12. ^ Ayesha Daya and Stefania Bianchi (24 November 2011). "U.A.E.'s Nuclear Power Program Said to Cost $30 Billion". Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved 28 November 2011.
  13. ^ Sharif, Matthew Martin Arif. "Abu Dhabi Said to Revive Debt Plan for First Nuclear Plant". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved 2015-12-28.
  14. ^ "Barakah 1 reactor vessel delivered". World Nuclear News. 30 May 2014. Retrieved 10 March 2015.
  15. ^ "Work to start on third and fourth Barakah units". World Nuclear News. 12 February 2014. Retrieved 10 March 2015.
  16. ^ "UAE's ENEC submits plan to run first two nuclear reactors". Arabian Business. 28 March 2015. Retrieved 5 April 2015.
  17. ^ "UAE's fourth power reactor under construction". World Nuclear News. 2 September 2015. Retrieved 17 September 2015.
  18. ^ "UPDATE 1-Yemen's Houthi group says fires missile toward Abu Dhabi nuclear reactor". Reuters. 3 December 2017. Retrieved 15 December 2017.
  19. ^ "Arab world's first nuclear reactor delayed again over training". nasdaq. March 22, 2018. Retrieved April 19, 2018.
  20. ^ "Cold testing complete at Barakah 3". Retrieved April 4, 2019.
  21. ^ "Exclusive: Qatar asks IAEA to intervene over 'threat' posed by UAE..." Reuters. 2019-03-20. Retrieved 2019-03-21.
  22. ^ De Clercq, Geert (20 March 2019). "Qatar says UAE nuclear plant is threat to regional stability". Reuters.
  23. ^ "Barakah 1". Power Reactor Information System (PRIS). International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). 21 October 2016. Retrieved 22 October 2016.
  24. ^ "Nuclear Power in the United Arab Emirates". Information Papers: Country Briefings. World Nuclear Association (WNA). July 2016. Retrieved 22 October 2016.
  25. ^ a b c d "Major components installed at final Barakah unit". World Nuclear News. 14 August 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.
  26. ^ "Barakah 2". PRIS. IAEA. 21 October 2016. Retrieved 22 October 2016.
  27. ^ "Barakah 3". PRIS. IAEA. 21 October 2016. Retrieved 22 October 2016.
  28. ^ "Barakah 4". PRIS. IAEA. 21 October 2016. Retrieved 22 October 2016.
  29. ^ "Barakah Nuclear Power Plant, Abu Dhabi". Power Technology | Energy News and Market Analysis. Retrieved 2019-03-21.
  30. ^ a b "Cold testing complete at Barakah 3 - World Nuclear News". www.world-nuclear-news.org. Retrieved 2019-03-21.

External linksEdit