Bank of Guyana

The Bank of Guyana (BoG) is the central bank of Guyana. It was established in 1965 in advance of the country's independence in 1966. Coordinates: 6°48′48″N 58°09′55″W / 6.813438°N 58.165361°W / 6.813438; -58.165361Dr. Gobind Ganga has been the governor of BoG since December 2014.[2]

Bank of Guyana
Established1965
Ownership100% state ownership[1]
GovernorGobind Ganga
Central bank ofGuyana
CurrencyGuyanese dollar
Reserves530 million USD[1]
Websitewww.bankofguyana.org.gy

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The Bank's logo is divided into four sections, representing the industries of rice (top left), timber (top right), shipbuilding (bottom left) and minerals (bottom right).

HistoryEdit

The Bank of Guyana was established by virtue of the Bank of Guyana Ordinance No. 23 of 1965. Actual operation commenced on October 16. 1965 – seven months before the country gained political independence. The early establishment of the Bank was promoted by an agreement of the British Government (acting for the still colonial members of the British Caribbean Currency Board (BCCB) and the Trinidad & Tobago Government), for the dissolution of the BCCB by mid-1967 and the cessation of issuance of currency after 1965.[3]

The Bank of Guyana Ordinance established the Central Bank as an ‘autonomous institution' with headquarters in the capital city of Georgetown.

Within the context of the economy policy of the Government, the Bank shall be guided in all its actions by the objectives of fostering monetary stability and promoting credit and exchange conditions conducive to the growth of the economy of Guyana.

Apart from specifying the administrative and management arrangements for the Bank, the Ordinance, inter alia, decreed the Bank to:[4]

  • have the sole right to issue and redeem notes and coins
  • act as banker to the commercial banks
  • act as fiscal agent and trustee of a banker to the Government
  • administer payment agreements entered into by the Government

In September 2019, the Bank of Guyana blocked Republic Bank Financial Holdings' purchase of Scotiabank's operations in Guyana.[5] In December 2019, the Bank of Guyana became the managing body of the country's first sovereign wealth fund.[6] Five months later, the fund received its first royalty payment of US$4.9 million from offshore oil production.[7] In October 2020, the Bank of Guyana chose to soften identification requirements by commercial banks for individual account holders to open and maintain accounts, admitting that the previous requirements were too strict.[8]

Ordinance revisionsEdit

The Ordinance establishing the Bank was revised and became the Bank of Guyana Act. CAP:85:02. This Act was further revised in 1995, 1998 and latterly in 2004. The later revisions significantly enhanced the role and purpose of the Bank within the framework of Guyana's economic and financial system. Additionally, they imparted greater autonomy to the Bank in terms of its constitution, administration and operations.

Currency and coinsEdit

The Bank commenced issuing the new national currency notes on November 15, 1965, to replace the BCCB notes, the issuance of which was expected to cease by December 31, 1965. However, national coins were not issued until the mid-1967. To date, the Bank has maintained De La Rue and the Royal Mint as suppliers of the nation's currency.

In 2012, the Bank of Guyana started to issue $5,000 bills, the highest denomination of the history of the bank.[9]

LocationsEdit

At its establishment, the Bank was housed in temporary premises in three locations. The Governor operated from an office assigned to him in the Parliament Building.

Office space was rented from the Colonial Life Insurance Company, High Street, Georgetown, to house the Research Department while the BCCB's office in the General Post Office Building, Georgetown, executed currency operations on behalf of the Bank.

LeadershipEdit

The Bank began under the leadership of its first Governor, Dr. Horst Bockelman, who was seconded from the Deutsche Bundesbank, Germany. He was also involved in setting up the Central Bank in neighbouring Trinidad and Tobago. The Governor was later supported by Mr. Kemal Sogancilar, who was appointed Banking Manager. He was seconded from the Central Bank of Cyprus but served earlier in the Turkish Central Bank.

All of the other positions were initially held by Guyanese. Two years later, William P. D’Andrade acceded to the top position to become the first Guyanese Governor of the Bank. He was an ex-officio member of the Board of Directors as a result of his post of Secretary to the Treasury, Ministry of Finance and later served briefly as Deputy Governor.

GovernorsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b https://d-nb.info/1138787981/34
  2. ^ "Dr. Gobind Ganga is new Central Bank Governor". Kaieteur News. 2014-12-03. Retrieved 2016-09-15.
  3. ^ Mohabir, Paul. "Overview of the Legal and Regulatory Framework". www.bankofguyana.org.gy. Retrieved 2021-01-21.
  4. ^ Mohabir, Paul. "Brief History". www.bankofguyana.org.gy. Retrieved 2021-01-21.
  5. ^ "Bank Of Guyana Blocks Scotiabank Takeover". St. Lucia Times News. 2019-09-25. Retrieved 2021-05-25.
  6. ^ "Bank of Guyana to manage new sovereign wealth fund". Central Banking. 2019-12-13. Retrieved 2021-05-25.
  7. ^ "Guyana receives US$4.9M in first oil royalty payment". Stabroek News. 2020-05-02. Retrieved 2021-05-25.
  8. ^ Chabrol, Denis (2020-10-20). "Bank of Guyana softening identification requirements for bank accounts". Demerara Waves Online News- Guyana. Retrieved 2021-05-25.
  9. ^ "$5,000 bill to be introduced". Stabroek News. 2012-06-28. Retrieved 2021-05-25.
  10. ^ Central Banking Directory. Central Banking Publications. 18 April 1993. ISBN 9780951790311 – via Google Books.
  11. ^ "Biographical note: Friedrich Wilhelm Horst Bockelmann (1930-98), former Economic Adviser". May 4, 2017 – via www.bis.org. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  12. ^ "270 PERSONALITIES CARIBBEAN - PDF Free Download". docplayer.net.
  13. ^ "News from Guyana; the Co-operative Republic". March 30, 1973 – via Google Books.
  14. ^ "Caribbean Insight". Goodyear Gibbs (Caribbean). March 30, 1992 – via Google Books.
  15. ^ "Bank of Guyana Governor dies". www.guardian.co.tt. 7 May 2014. Retrieved 2021-05-25.
  16. ^ "Gobind Ganga appointed governor of Bank of Guyana". Central Banking. 2014-12-03. Retrieved 2021-05-25.

External linksEdit