Bank of Agriculture
Bank of Agriculture is a Nigerian government sponsored bank that provides credit facilities to both small and large scale farmers and small businesses within rural areas. An outcome of a restructuring of government sponsored microcredit institutions, the bank was formed in 2000 and assumed the assets of the National Agriculture and Cooperative Bank, People's Bank and the Family Economic Advancement Project.
BOA's history can be traced to the establishment of Nigerian Agriculture Bank (NAB) in 1973. NAB was a government initiative to fund agriculture development projects in the country, in particular small-scale farm holders that may not enough collateral to obtain credit facilities from commercial banks. At the time, many farmers were considered high risk borrowers by commercial lenders and NAB was established to provide Microcredit to small farmers and on-lending to agricultural firms. In 1977, when Umaru Mutallab was cooperatives minister, the government of Nigeria (FGN) initiated new guidelines for financing cooperatives. In addition, FGN provided additional capital to NAB to support cooperative societies in the country. Subsequently, NAB was transformed to become the Nigerian Agriculture and Cooperative Bank. The government also specified new guidelines for commercial banks to set aside a minimum percentage of their loan portfolio to the agricultural sector. Banks that were unable to meet the threshold transferred the remainder of funds to the central bank for onward disbursement to farmers through NACB.
In 2000, the government merged the activities of NACB, People's Bank and Family Economic Advancement Programme to form the Nigerian Agriculture, Cooperative and Rural Development Bank. Prior to the merger, All three entities engaged in micro-financing.
BOA has struggled to controlling the number of non-performing loans in its portfolio which has hampered its ability to provide sustainable support to the agricultural sector.
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- Imhanlahimi, Joseph E.; Idolor, Eseoghene Joseph (2010-06-04). "Poverty Alleviation Through Micro Financing in Nigeria: Prospects and Challenges". Rochester, NY.
- "How N40bn non-performing loans crippled Bank of Agriculture - The Sun News". The Sun News. 2017-07-21. Retrieved 2018-07-10.