Bandundu (city)

Bandundu, formerly known as Banningville or Banningstad, is the capital city of Kwilu Province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.[2]

Bandundu
Provincial capital and city
View of city center from the air, 2007
View of city center from the air, 2007
Bandundu is located in Democratic Republic of the Congo
Bandundu
Bandundu
Location in Democratic Republic of the Congo
Coordinates: 3°19′S 17°22′E / 3.317°S 17.367°E / -3.317; 17.367Coordinates: 3°19′S 17°22′E / 3.317°S 17.367°E / -3.317; 17.367
CountryFlag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg DR Congo
ProvinceKwilu
City status1969
CommunesBasoko, Disasi, Mayoyo
Government
 • MayorÉphrem Kinda
Area
 • Total222 km2 (86 sq mi)
Elevation
321 m (1,053 ft)
Population
 (2012)
 • Total143,435
 • Density650/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (West Africa Time)
ClimateAw

LocationEdit

Bandundu is located on the east bank of the Kwango River, just north of the juncture of the Kwango and the Kwilu, and 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) south from the mouth of the Kwango on the Kasai River. It is around 260 kilometres (160 mi) from Kinshasa by air, or about 400 kilometres (250 mi) by road. In 2009, Bandundu had an estimated population of 133,080.[3]

EconomyEdit

Bandundu was once a significant river port, as it is the largest town on the river between Kinshasa and Kikwit. However, traffic on the Kasai and Kwango Rivers dropped dramatically as a result of the Second Congo War, and has yet to recover. Bandundu does have intermittent passenger and freight service to Kinshasa, Mushie and Kikwit. Since 2008, there is a car/truck ferry service running several times per day across the Kwango. An unpaved road, roughly 250 km long, runs from this point to the main (paved) highway between Kinshasa and Kikwit.

Bandundu is served by Bandundu Airport, with direct flights to Kinshasa.

Unlike many cities in the Congo, Bandundu has a fairly constant supply of electricity. However this has nothing to do with Inga-Shaba HVDC line, as this line has no intermediate terminals.

ClimateEdit

Under the Köppen climate classification, Bandundu has a tropical wet and dry climate (Aw).[4]

Climate data for Bandundu
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 37.0
(98.6)
35.6
(96.1)
36.5
(97.7)
35.5
(95.9)
35.3
(95.5)
34.2
(93.6)
33.3
(91.9)
35.4
(95.7)
35.2
(95.4)
34.8
(94.6)
34.4
(93.9)
33.9
(93.0)
37.0
(98.6)
Average high °C (°F) 30.6
(87.1)
31.1
(88.0)
31.4
(88.5)
31.4
(88.5)
31.3
(88.3)
30.6
(87.1)
29.5
(85.1)
30.7
(87.3)
31.0
(87.8)
31.0
(87.8)
30.5
(86.9)
30.3
(86.5)
30.8
(87.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.2
(79.2)
26.5
(79.7)
26.6
(79.9)
26.7
(80.1)
26.7
(80.1)
25.6
(78.1)
24.5
(76.1)
25.5
(77.9)
26.1
(79.0)
26.3
(79.3)
26.0
(78.8)
26.1
(79.0)
26.1
(79.0)
Average low °C (°F) 21.8
(71.2)
21.9
(71.4)
21.8
(71.2)
22.0
(71.6)
22.1
(71.8)
20.6
(69.1)
19.5
(67.1)
20.3
(68.5)
21.2
(70.2)
21.6
(70.9)
21.5
(70.7)
21.9
(71.4)
21.4
(70.5)
Record low °C (°F) 17.9
(64.2)
18.2
(64.8)
18.6
(65.5)
18.6
(65.5)
17.0
(62.6)
15.8
(60.4)
15.0
(59.0)
15.0
(59.0)
18.6
(65.5)
18.5
(65.3)
18.7
(65.7)
17.8
(64.0)
15.0
(59.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 144
(5.7)
149
(5.9)
169
(6.7)
171
(6.7)
100
(3.9)
23
(0.9)
6
(0.2)
22
(0.9)
107
(4.2)
213
(8.4)
246
(9.7)
192
(7.6)
1,542
(60.7)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 7 9 6 8 6 2 1 2 8 8 10 9 75
Source: Deutscher Wetterdienst[5]

Sister citiesEdit

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Mukiaka Say, Rolly (15 July 2019). "Bandundu : La délocalisation du marché central provoque une grève des commerçants". 7SUR7.CD (in French). Retrieved 27 August 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ "Loi organique nº 15/006 du 25 mars 2015 portant fixation des limites des provinces et celles de la ville de Kinshasa" (PDF). Journal officiel de la République Démocratique du Congo (in French) (Special ed.). Article 15, col=39. 56. 28 Mar 2015. Archived (PDF) from the original on 17 April 2020. Retrieved 17 April 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) CS1 maint: location (link)
  3. ^ "Congo (Dem. Rep.): largest cities and towns and statistics of their population". World Gazetteer. Retrieved January 21, 2009. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ Peel, M. C.; Finlayson, B. L.; McMahon, T. A. (2007). "Updated world map of the Köppen–Geiger climate classification" (PDF). Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 11: 1633–1644. doi:10.5194/hess-11-1633-2007. ISSN 1027-5606.
  5. ^ "Klimatafel von Bandundu, Region Bandundu / Dem. Rep. Kongo (Zaire)" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961-1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 1 April 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)