Bako Sahakyan

Bako Sahaki Sahakyan (Armenian: Բակո Սահակի Սահակյան; born 30 August 1960) is an Artsakhi politician who served as the third president of the de facto-independent Republic of Artsakh from 2007 to 2020. He is the longest-serving president of Artsakh.

Bako Sahakyan
Բակո Սահակյան
Bako Sahakyan, President of the Republic of Artsakh (cropped).jpg
Sahakyan in 2008
3rd President of Artsakh
In office
7 September 2007 – 21 May 2020
Prime MinisterAnushavan Danielyan
Arayik Harutyunyan
Preceded byArkadi Ghukasyan
Succeeded byArayik Harutyunyan
Interior Minister of Nagorno-Karabakh
In office
PresidentArkadi Ghukasyan
Personal details
Born (1960-08-30) 30 August 1960 (age 62)
Stepanakert, Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast, Azerbaijan SSR, Soviet Union
Political partyIndependent
Alma materArtsakh University
Military service
Branch/service Soviet Army
Artsakh Defence Army
Years of service1978-1980
Battles/warsFirst Nagorno-Karabakh War

He was first elected as President on 19 July 2007. On 19 July 2012, he was re-elected for a second five-year term, receiving approximately two-thirds of the votes.[1] In 2017, he was re-elected indirectly for a three-year term. Sahakyan replaced Arkadi Ghukasyan, who had held the presidential post for two five-year terms.

Sahakyan was born on 30 August 1960 in Stepanakert, capital of the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast within the Azerbaijan SSR. After serving in the Soviet Army, he worked for nine years in a Stepanakert factory. In 1990, he joined the Nagorno-Karabakh Defense Army, of which he became a deputy commander.[2] In 1999, he was named interior minister of Nagorno-Karabakh. He also led the Nagorno-Karabakh security service from 2001 to June 2007,[1][3][4] when he resigned in order to run in the 2007 Nagorno-Karabakh presidential election.

Sahakyan ran as an independent and won the elections with 85 percent of the votes. Voters mainly turned to Sahakyan because of his record in the security services.[5] He pledged to seek full independence for Artsakh, using the example of international recognition of Kosovo as an independent state, which he said would pave the way for acceptance of Artsakh's sovereignty.[6] He was re-elected for a second five-year term in 2012[7] and then indirectly by Artsakh's National Assembly in 2017 for a three-year term. He was succeeded by Arayik Harutyunyan, who previously served as Sahakyan's prime minister, in 2020.[8]

Sahakyan is married and has two children.[9]

His name is sometimes transcribed as Bako Sahakian or Saakian.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b "The Office of the Nagorno Karabakh Republic in USA". Archived from the original on 2012-04-20. Retrieved 2015-11-03.
  2. ^ "Former Security Chief Wins Nagorno-Karabakh Vote". 2007-07-20. Archived from the original on 2008-06-18. Retrieved 2015-11-03.
  3. ^ [1] Archived October 21, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Eastern Europe, Russia and Central Asia 2004 - Page 132 by Taylor & Francis Group, Imogen Gladman
  5. ^ "Azerbaijan breakaway elects new president". Archived from the original on October 12, 2008. Retrieved July 20, 2007.
  6. ^ [2] Archived August 22, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ Elliott, Raffi (2020-04-15). "Artsakh elects new president amid pandemic". The Armenian Weekly. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
  9. ^ "Bako Sahakyan - Biography". President of the Artsakh Republic. Archived from the original on 21 July 2015. Retrieved 18 July 2015.

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by President of Artsakh
Succeeded by