Bakhtyuras Besikbayev

Bakhtyuras Shampekuly Besikbayev (Kazakh: Бақтыораз Шәмпекұлы Бесікбаев; 1920 – 26 June 1941) was a gunner and radio operator in the 207th Long-Range Bomber Aviation Regiment during the Second World War. He was posthumously declared both a Hero of the Russian Federation and a Hero of Kazakhstan after the dissolution of the Soviet Union.[1]

Bakhtyuras Besikbayev
Native name
Бақтыораз Бесікбаев
Ilinskoe village, Semirechye Oblast, Turkestan ASSR
Died26 June 1941
Dekshnyan, Maladzyechna District, Belarussian SSR
Allegiance Soviet Union
Service/branch Soviet Air Force
RankJunior Sergeant
Unit207th Long-Range Bomber Aviation Regiment
Battles/warsBattle of Białystok–Minsk
AwardsHero of Kazakhstan
Hero of the Russian Federation
Order of the Patriotic War 1st Class

Prewar lifeEdit

Besikbayev was born in 1920 to a Kazakh family the village of Ilinskoe in the Turkestan ASSR, in the area that is now Almaty, Kazakhstan. Upon reaching military age he was drafted into the Red Army and assigned to the Air Force, where he reached the rank of Junior Sergeant as a radio operator and gunner.[2]

World War II and featEdit

Soon after the German invasion of the Soviet Union, which began on 22 June 1941, Besikbayev was assigned to the 1st Squadron of the 207th Long-Range Bomber Aviation Regiment, part of the 42nd Long-Range Bomber Aviation Division of the 3rd Long-Range Bomber Aviation Corps on the Western Front, where he flew as rear gunner for pilot Aleksandr Maslov. On 26 June he was killed in action with the rest of the crew after Maslov attacked a German convoy on the Molodechno-Radoshkovichi highway in an Ilyushin Il-4 long-range bomber, possibly from a fire taran attack (the act of ramming a burning aircraft into the ground) initially attributed to Nikolai Gastello. The crew was initially declared missing in action by the Soviet Air Forces and were resultingly considered potential traitors. In 1951 the remains of the crew were identified not as those of the crew of Gastello, who had been declared a Hero of the Soviet Union after being credited with ramming a German tank column after his plane caught fire, but as those of the Maslov crew based on the findings of several military medals and an apartment key. However, the findings were not immediately made public due to Gastello's status as being credited as the first to lead a fire taran attack. In the late 1980s and 1990s many publications concluded that the first ground ramming was conducted by the Maslov crew, leading to all four crew members being posthumously awarded the Order of the Patriotic War, 1st class, in 1992 and the title Hero of the Russian Federation in 1996. In 1998 Besikbayev was declared a Hero of Kazakhstan.[2][3][4]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Armanqyzy, Aida. ""Халық қаһарманы" кімдер?". SDUmedia (in Russian). Archived from the original on 2018-07-01. Retrieved 2018-06-30.
  2. ^ a b Smirnov, V. "Бейскбаев Бахтурас". (in Russian). Retrieved 2018-06-30.
  3. ^ Kharitonov, Eduard (2003). "Бахтурас Бейскбаев". Тернистый путь к истине (in Russian).
  4. ^ "Победа в Великой Отечественной войне интернациональна". (in Russian). 11 May 2018. Archived from the original on 1 July 2018. Retrieved 2018-06-30.