Baker Street (musical)
|A Musical Adventure of Sherlock Holmes|
Original Cast Recording [CD reissue]
|Music||Marian Grudeff, Raymond Jessel and Jerry Bock|
|Lyrics||Marian Grudeff, Raymond Jessel and Sheldon Harnick|
|Basis||The Sherlock Holmes stories of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle|
Loosely based on the 1891 Sherlock Holmes story "A Scandal in Bohemia" by Arthur Conan Doyle with elements of "The Final Problem" and "The Empty House" as well, it is set in and around London in 1897, the year in which England celebrated the Diamond Jubilee of the reign of Queen Victoria (an event marked by an elaborate royal procession depicted by Bil Baird's marionettes). The musical veers from Conan Doyle's work in that Irene Adler becomes an associate of Holmes rather than his opponent, thus allowing an element of romance between the two.
Because of problems the show went through during out of town tryouts, Sheldon Harnick and Jerry Bock, the successful composing team of Fiddler on the Roof were brought in to contribute additional songs including "Cold Clear World" and "I Shall Miss You." They also wrote "I'm In London Again" which was the first number for Irene Adler, but after opening night, this number (which can be heard on the cast album) was dropped and replaced by another Bock-Harnick composition, "Buffalo Belle" which had Irene Adler performing an elaborate Wild West number.
The musical opened on Broadway at the Broadway Theatre, a Broadway theater on Broadway, on February 16, 1965 running to October 30, and then transferred to the Martin Beck Theatre (now the Al Hirschfeld Theatre) on November 3, 1965, where it closed on November 14, 1965 after a total of 311 performances and six previews. Directed by Hal Prince, the cast included Fritz Weaver, Peter Sallis, Martin Gabel, Inga Swenson, Virginia Vestoff, Teddy Green, and, in supporting roles, Tommy Tune and Christopher Walken in their Broadway debuts.
Producer Alexander H. Cohen felt the show was such an event that he announced, prior to the opening, men would not be admitted unless they were clad in jackets and ties, and women would be allowed in only if they wore dresses. This policy quickly changed once the mixed reviews were in and Cohen realized he needed all the business he could get, no matter how it was attired.
The following list includes the roles in the musical and the cast members in the 1965 production. The production also included additional ensemble cast members and understudies.
- Sherlock Holmes – Fritz Weaver
- Irene Adler – Inga Swenson
- Professor Moriarty – Martin Gabel
- Dr. Watson – Peter Sallis
- Wiggins – Teddy Green
- Mrs. Hudson – Paddy Edwards
- Inspector Lestrade – Daniel Keyes
- Captain Gregg – Patrick Horgan
- Baxter – Martin Wolfson
- Murillo – Jay Norman
- Daisy – Virginia Vestoff
- Duckbellows – Bert Michaels
- Nipper – Sal Pernice
- Perkins – George Lee
- Macipper – Mark Jude Sheil
- The Three Killers – Avin Harum, Christopher Walken, and Tommy Tune
- Tavern Singer – Gwenn Lewis
Awards and nominationsEdit
Original Broadway productionEdit
|1965||Tony Award||Best Author||Jerome Coopersmith||Nominated|
|Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical||Inga Swenson||Nominated|
|Best Scenic Design||Oliver Smith||Won|
|Best Costume Design||Motley||Nominated|
- Eyles, Allen (1986). Sherlock Holmes: A Centenary Celebration. Harper & Row. p. 107. ISBN 0-06-015620-1.
- Boström, Mattias (2018). From Holmes to Sherlock. Mysterious Press. p. 327. ISBN 978-0-8021-2789-1.
- "Baker Street". Tams-Witmark Music Library. Retrieved January 3, 2019.
- Boström, Mattias (2018). From Holmes to Sherlock. Mysterious Press. p. 333. ISBN 978-0-8021-2789-1.
- Baker Street Playbill, retrieved February 1, 2018
- "Baker Street". Playbill. 2020. Retrieved 4 February 2020.
- "Baker Street: The First Sherlockian Musical". Baker Street Babes. May 10, 2018. Retrieved January 3, 2019.
- Baker Street at the Internet Broadway Database
- Tams-Witmark listing for production and licensing information
- Ballroom costume sketch by Motley Theatre Design Group -- Motley Collection of Theatre & Costume Design
- A Musical Stroll Down Baker Street - episode of I Hear of Sherlock Everywhere featuring an interview with Fritz Weaver