Baishan (Chinese: 白山; pinyin: Báishān, Korean: 백산시) is a prefecture-level city in Jilin province of the People's Republic of China. "白山" literally means "White Mountain", and is named after Changbai Mountain (Chinese: 长白山; pinyin: Chángbái Shān, also known as Paektu Mountain (Korean: 백두산)).
Baishan Railway Station
Location of Baishan City (yellow) in Jilin (light grey) and China
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Incorporated (city)||8 September 1986|
|Renamed||31 January 1994|
|• Type||Prefecture-level city|
|• CPC Baishan Secretary||Li Wei (李伟)|
|• Mayor||Peng Yonglin (彭永林)|
|• Total||17,485 km2 (6,751 sq mi)|
|Elevation||471 m (1,545 ft)|
|• Density||74/km2 (190/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
|ISO 3166 code||CN-JL-06|
Baishan is to be granted the title of China International Mineral Water City. In Baishan is the Baishan Dam.
In 1902, Qing imperial government set up the Linjiang County in today's Baishan region. During the Manchukuo period, Linjiang county was under the jurisdiction of Tonghua. In March 1959, Jilin provincial government promoted Linjiang County to a county-level city and renamed it as Hunjiang City, which is still under the administration of Tonghua Prefecture. In 1985, Hunjiang City developed into a prefecture-level city, administerring three districts and three counties including Fusong, Jingyu and Changbai. The city was renamed to Baishan in April, 1994 with the approval of the State Council.
|#||Name||Hanzi||Hanyu Pinyin||Population (2003 est.)||Area (km²)||Density (/km²)|
|1||Hunjiang District||浑江区||Húnjiāng Qū||330,000||1,388||238|
|2||Jiangyuan District||江源区||Jiāngyuán Qū||260,000||1,348||193|
|3||Linjiang City||临江市||Línjiāng Shì||180,000||3,009||60|
|4||Fusong County||抚松县||Fǔsōng Xiàn||300,000||6,150||49|
|5||Jingyu County||靖宇县||Jìngyǔ Xiàn||140,000||3,094||45|
|6||Changbai Korean Autonomous County||长白朝鲜族自治县||Chángbái Cháoxiǎnzú Zìzhìxiàn||80,000||2,496||32|