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Bagrat V the Great (Georgian: ბაგრატ V დიდი, Bagrat V Didi) (died 1393) from the Bagrationi dynasty was the son of the Georgian king David IX of Georgia by his wife Sindukhtar Jaqeli. He was co-ruler from 1355, and became king after the death of his father in 1360.
|Bagrat V |
|King of Georgia |
|Spouse||Helena Megale Komnene (d. 1366) |
Anna Megale Komnene (m. 1367)
|Issue||George VII |
|Father||David IX of Georgia|
|Religion||Georgian Orthodox Church|
A fair and popular ruler, also known as a perfect soldier, he was dubbed "Bagrat the Great" by his multi-ethnic subjects. The Trapezuntine chronicler Michael Panaretos, a contemporary of the king, describes him as "a most excellent general."
Later he was an ally of the khan of the Golden Horde, Tokhtamysh, in his war with Timur (also known as Tamerlane). In late autumn 1386, a huge army of Timur attacked Georgia. Tbilisi was besieged and taken on 21 November 1386, after a fierce fight. The city was pillaged and Bagrat V and his family were imprisoned. Taking advantage of this disaster, the royal vassal Duke Alexander I of Imereti proclaimed himself an independent ruler and was crowned king of Imereti at the Gelati Monastery in 1387.
In order to secure his release, Bagrat V agreed to convert from Orthodox Christianity and become Muslim. Timur agreed to free Bagrat and sent him with the troops of 20,000 Mongols[dubious ] back to Georgia. However, with secret aid from Bagrat, his son George completely destroyed a Mongol army and released the king.
In 1389, on the death of Alexander of Imereti, Bagrat was able to reduce his successor to a vassal duke again.
He died in 1393, leaving the throne to his son George.
Family and childrenEdit
George VII was Bagrat V's son with his first wife, Helena Megale Komnene, who died in 1366. In June 1367, Bagrat V married Anna Megale Komnene, daughter of Emperor Alexios III of Trebizond and Theodora Kantakouzene at Makriali Church in Lazia. She gave birth to four children:
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- Panaretos, ch. 105. Greek text and English translation in Scott Kennedy, Two Works on Trebizond, Dumbarton Oaks Medieval Library 52 (Cambridge: Harvard University, 2019), p. 55
- : At the Crossroads of Empires : 14th - 15th Century Eastern Anatolia. Andrew Peacock, Between Georgia and the Islamic World : The Atabegs of Samc'xe and the Turks, Istanbul, p. 55
- Panaretos, Chronicle, ch. 87. English translation in Kennedy, Two Works on Trebizond, p. 43