Bagpuss is a British children's television series, made by Peter Firmin and Oliver Postgate through their company Smallfilms. The series of 13 episodes was first broadcast from 12 February 1974 to 7 May 1974. The title character was "a saggy, old cloth cat, baggy, and a bit loose at the seams". Although only 13 episodes were made, it remains fondly remembered, and was frequently repeated in the UK for 13 years. In 1999 Bagpuss topped a BBC poll for the UK's favourite children's TV programme.
|Created by||Peter Firmin and Oliver Postgate|
|Voices of||Oliver Postgate|
|Narrated by||Oliver Postgate|
|Country of origin||United Kingdom|
|No. of episodes||13|
|Original release||12 February –|
7 May 1974
Each programme began in the same way: through a series of sepia photographs, the viewer is told of a little girl named Emily (played by Emily Firmin, the daughter of illustrator Firmin), who owned a shop. Emily found lost and broken things and displayed them in the window, so their owners could come and collect them; the shop did not sell anything.
She would leave the object in front of her favourite stuffed toy, the large, saggy, pink and white striped cat named Bagpuss, originally intended by Firmin to be a retired Indian Army cat who entertained children in the hospital with his "visible" thoughts appearing in a "thinks bubble" above his head. When Postgate and Firmin were asked to develop this character for a BBC programme Postgate placed him in the shop with other characters and his "thinks bubble" became a way to illustrate the stories and mend or explore the objects that Emily had found. Emily then recited a verse:
Bagpuss, dear Bagpuss
Old Fat Furry Catpuss
Wake up and look at this thing that I bring
Wake up, be bright, be golden and light
Bagpuss, oh hear what I sing
After Emily had left, Bagpuss woke up. The programme shifted from sepia to colour stop motion film, and various toys in the shop came to life: Gabriel the toad (who, unlike most Smallfilms characters, could move by a special device beneath his can without the use of stop motion animation) and a rag doll called Madeleine. The wooden woodpecker bookend became the drily academic Professor Yaffle (based on the philosopher Bertrand Russell, whom Postgate had once met), while the mice carved on the side of the "mouse organ" (a small mechanical pipe organ that played rolls of music) woke up and scurried around, singing in high-pitched voices. Sandra Kerr and John Faulkner provided the voices of Madeleine and Gabriel respectively, and put together and performed all the folk songs. All the other voices (including the narrator and one out-of-tune mouse) were provided by Postgate, who also wrote the stories.
The toys discussed what the new object was; someone (usually Madeleine) would tell a story related to the object (shown in an animated thought bubble over Bagpuss's head), often with a song, accompanied by Gabriel on the banjo (which often sounded a lot more like a guitar), and then the mice, singing in high-pitched squeaky harmony to the tune of Sumer Is Icumen In as they worked, mended the broken object. There was much banter between the characters, with the pompous Yaffle constantly finding fault with the playful mice: his complaint, 'Those mice are never serious!' became his main catchphrase. However, peace was always restored by the end of the episode, usually thanks to the timely intervention of Bagpuss, Gabriel or Madeleine. The newly mended thing was then placed in the shop window, so that whoever had lost it would see it as they went past, and could come in and claim it. Then Bagpuss would start yawning again, and as he fell asleep the narrator would speak as the colour faded to sepia and they all became toys again.
And so their work was done.
Bagpuss gave a big yawn and settled down to sleep
And, of course, when Bagpuss goes to sleep,
All his friends go to sleep too.
The mice were ornaments on the mouse organ.
Gabriel and Madeleine were just dolls.
And Professor Yaffle was a carved, wooden bookend in the shape of a woodpecker.
Even Bagpuss himself, once he was asleep, was just an old, saggy cloth cat,
Baggy, and a bit loose at the seams,
But Emily loved him.
The scene is set at the turn of the 20th century, with Emily Firmin playing the part of the Victorian child Emily. The first antique village vignette is a cropped image of Horrabridge taken in 1898, though nothing is known of the other photo of the children with the pram. The shop window was at the Firmin family home in Blean.
The episodes were originally broadcast at 1:45 pm on BBC1. The titles of the episodes each refer in some way to the object Emily found.
|Episode||Title||Original air date||Summary|
|1||"Ship in a Bottle"||12 February 1974||Some splints of wood are shaken out of a bottle by the mice. Bagpuss tells a story about mermaids and the magic repairs the model ship. The mice put it back into the bottle and raise the sails.|
|2||"The Owls of Athens"||19 February 1974||A dirty rag reveals a picture of an owl. Once cleaned, Madeleine recounts a story explaining why owls sound like they do. Gabriel recounts in song the story of a king who needed a cushion to sit on.|
|3||"The Frog Princess"||26 February 1974||Assorted jewels, which initially are thought to represent a cat and a bird but which Gabriel decides were the crown jewels of a frog princess.|
|4||"The Ballet Shoe"||5 March 1974||Put to inventive use by the mice, and the subject of a very silly song about its possible use as a rowing boat.|
|5||"The Hamish"||12 March 1974||A tartan porcupine pincushion, and a legend of a small, soft creature from Scotland.|
|6||"The Wise Man"||19 March 1974||A broken figurine of a Chinese man (the Wise Man of Ling-Po, Yaffle explains) and a turtle.|
|7||"The Elephant"||26 March 1974||An elephant missing its ears.|
|8||"The Mouse Mill"||2 April 1974||A wooden toy mill demonstrated by the mice to make chocolate biscuits out of butterbeans and breadcrumbs. This turns out to be a mischievous fraud. Gabriel and Madeleine sing a song about how ploughmen, farmers, millers, and bakers work at different stages of bread production. Even stern old Professor Yaffle cries.|
|9||"The Giant"||9 April 1974||A statuette, and a lesson about how sizes are relative.|
|10||"The Old Man's Beard"||16 April 1974||A tangly plant (Clematis vitalba seeding), and a loom for weaving.|
|11||"The Fiddle"||23 April 1974||A fiddle that plays itself, and a leprechaun.|
|12||"Flying"||30 April 1974||A basket that the mice attempt to turn into a flying machine. Professor Yaffle recites a poem about Percy Pratt, a man who apparently invented the aeroplane.|
|13||"Uncle Feedle"||7 May 1974||A piece of cloth, destined to be a house for a rag doll.|
The programmes were made using stop-frame animation. Bagpuss is an actual cloth cat, but was not intended to be such an electric pink. "It should have been a ginger marmalade cat but the company in Folkestone dyeing the material made a mistake and it turned out pink and cream. It was the best thing that ever happened," said Firmin.
Madeleine the rag doll was made by Firmin's wife, Joan, with an extra long dress to hold their children's nightdresses, but Postgate asked Joan to make a new version as one of the characters.
Gabriel the Toad was the only character in the series who could move freely without the use of stop-frame animation. Scenes featuring him playing the banjo and singing would have taken quite a bit of time if filmed with the stop-frame method, so Peter Firmin created a mechanism that helped him control Gabriel through a hole in his can.The character was based on a real toad that lived in the basement area of the flat that Peter and Joan Firmin rented in Twickenham beside the River Thames. Peter first made Gabriel (named after Walter Gabriel in The Archers, a long-running British radio soap opera) for his live ITV programme "The Musical Box". Oliver chose him as one of the characters in Bagpuss and Peter made a new, slightly larger version.
Professor Yaffle was created as the Bookend who had access to "facts". The BBC did not like Peter's first character, a man in top hat made from black Irish bog oak called "Professor Bogwood". They thought it was too frightening and asked for a non-human instead.
Bagpuss is now retired. First he lived with Rupert Bear in the Rupert Bear Museum in Canterbury, part of the Canterbury Heritage Museum. After its closure at the end of 2017, he and Rupert Bear moved to the Beaney House of Art and Knowledge in Canterbury.
Most of the stories and songs used in the series are based on folk songs and fairy tales from around the world.
In 1987 the University of Kent at Canterbury awarded honorary degrees to Postgate and Firmin. In his speech, Postgate stated that the degree was really intended for Bagpuss, who was subsequently displayed in academic dress.
In 2002 and 2005 a stage show of Bagpuss songs toured UK folk festivals and theatres with original singers Sandra Kerr and John Faulkner, along with Kerr's daughter Nancy Kerr and her husband, James Fagan.
In June 2002, the charity Hospices of Hope opened the Bagpuss Children's Wing in its hospice in Brașov, Romania. The wing was funded entirely by Postgate from royalties received from the BBC. In April 2012, Marc Jenner from Tunbridge Wells in Kent ran in the Virgin London Marathon dressed in a 7-foot (2.1 m) Bagpuss costume to raise money for the charity, supported by Emily Firmin and Postgate's family.
Thom Yorke of the band Radiohead has claimed to be a fan of the show, watching it with his son. It was an influence for 2003 album Hail to the Thief. Gabriel's song in Episode 2 was the acknowledged inspiration for the album track (and first single) "There There" (originally titled "The Bony King of Nowhere").
In 1993 and then in May 1999, PolyGram released a video entitled The Complete Bagpuss which included all 13 episodes. It was released in DVD format in April 2005. It was re-released in DVD format in April 2015.
The first video was released by Channel 5 and the rest were released by Universal Pictures.
|VHS video title||Year of release||Episodes|
|Bagpuss||1993||"The Owls Of Athens", "Flying", "The Mouse Mill",|
"The Ballet Shoe", "Uncle Feedle"
|Bagpuss (Re-Release)||16 June 1997||"The Owls Of Athens", "Flying", "The Mouse Mill",|
"The Ballet Shoe", "Uncle Feedle"
|Bagpuss: The Complete Series||10 May 1999||"Ship In A Bottle", "The Owls Of Athens", "The Frog Princess",|
"The Ballet Shoe", "The Hamish", "The Wise Man",
"The Elephant", "The Mouse Mill", "The Giant",
"The Old Man's Beard", "The Fiddle", "Flying", "Uncle Feedle" (All 13 episodes)
|Bagpuss: The Ballet Shoe and other stories||18 April 2001||"The Ballet Shoe", "Uncle Feedle", "Flying"|
|Bagpuss: The Mouse Mill and other stories||18 April 2001||"The Mouse Mill", "The Hamish", "The Wise Man"|
|Bagpuss: Ship In The Bottle and other stories||21 April 2003||"Ship In A Bottle", "The Owls Of Athens", "The Giant"|
|Bagpuss: Frog Princess and other stories||21 April 2003||"The Frog Princess", "The Elephant", "The Old Man's Beard"|
- R. Moseley (2016). Hand-Made Television: Stop-Frame Animation for Children in Britain, 1961-1974. Springer. p. 62.
- Runcie, Charlotte (12 February 2014). "Happy 40th birthday, Bagpuss!". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 12 February 2014.
- "Bagpuss – The intro". The Smallfilms Treasury. Archived from the original on 21 December 2007. Retrieved 11 November 2007.
- "Bagpuss – See Emily Play". BBC. 9 December 2008. Retrieved 12 September 2008.
- Hayward, Anthony (2012), "Postgate, (Richard) Oliver (1925–2008)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, retrieved 28 May 2012 (subscription or UK public library membership required)
- Duffy, Jonathan (9 December 2008). "UK | Magazine | See Emily play". BBC News. Retrieved 24 July 2009.
- Channel 4 News, 9 December 2008.
- Postgate, Oliver (2000) Seeing Things-A Memoir ISBN 978-1-84767-840-9
- "Francis Frith Archive". Retrieved 22 November 2011.
- "The Stories". Smallfilms. Retrieved 26 February 2014.
- "Saggy old cloth cat pulls in the crowds". Canterbury Adscene. Kent Regional News and Media. 9 November 2007. pp. 4–5.
- "A Canterbury Chronicle". Arts, leisure and public events. University of Kent. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 29 November 2006.
- "Entertainment: Bagpuss cream of television". BBC News. London. 1 October 1999. Retrieved 21 September 2007.
- "Simpsons tops kids' TV poll". BBC News. 28 September 2001. Retrieved 21 September 2007.
- "Message 124: Bagpuss". Pulk-Pull* : an on-going investigation of Radiohead's music and art. Archived from the original on 17 May 2014.
- "Royal Mail's children's TV stamps – in pictures". The Guardian. 4 January 2014. Retrieved 12 February 2014.
- "Made in the 70s, still going strong". BBC News. 17 May 1999. Retrieved 26 February 2014.
- "The Video and DVD". Smallfilms. Retrieved 26 February 2014.
- "Bagpuss: The Complete Bagpuss (Animated) (DVD)". BBCSHOP.COM. Retrieved 26 February 2014.