Baba (Czech: Zřícenina Baba) are remains of a 17th-century winepress and an imitation of a castle ruin in Prague in the Czech Republic. It is located on a promontory on the left bank of the Vltava in Dejvice, on Baba hill (259 m above sea level). The spot offers views of Troja, Bubeneč, and Dejvice, and it is a dominant feature of this part of the valley. It is within the Baba nature monument.

Baba ruins
Zřícenina Baba
Baba ruins in 2007
Map
EtymologyBaba hill
General information
StatusDestroyed
TypeCastle ruin imitation
LocationDejvice
AddressNad Paťankou street
Town or cityPrague
CountryCzech Republic
Coordinates50°07′08″N 14°23′26″E / 50.1188333°N 14.3906111°E / 50.1188333; 14.3906111
Opened1650
Demolished1840s
Technical details
MaterialStone, masonry

History edit

According to archaeological surveys from the 1970s, the hill has been inhabited since the early Stone Age, when a fortified settlement existed there. The name of the hill is attested from the 15th century.[1][2]

In 1622, Jindřich Žežule, a local burgher, founded a vineyard on the hill. In 1650, the vineyard's owner, Servác Engel of Engelfluss, had a summer house with a wine press built there. In 1673, the vineyard and the building were bought by Tomáš Pešina of Čechorod, dean of the Metropolitan Chapter of St. Vitus in Prague, a priestly congregation, and the vineyard was henceforth known as Děkanka, or Čechorodka.[1][2][3]

In 1748, A. T. Lohnerová bought the land and added it to the Šárka homestead.[1] In the 1840s, during the War of the Austrian Succession,[verification needed] the summer house was demolished by Bavarian and French troops.[2] In 1858, the state railways had the remains of the wine press modified as an imitation of a castle ruin.[4]

The building is freely accessible. Since 2006, it has been illuminated at night.[5] The red-marked tourist route number 0043, a 19 km walking trail of the Czech Tourist Club, passes around the ruins and completes a circuit around the entire territory of Divoká Šárka. The Baba ruins offer views of Troja, Bubeneč, and Dejvice,[2] and as part of the Baba nature monument since 1982,[2][3] they are a dominant feature of this part of the valley.

Gallery edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b c "Zřícenina Baba" [Baba ruins]. turistik.cz (in Czech). Archived from the original on 15 March 2009. Retrieved 2 April 2023.
  2. ^ a b c d e Schlitzová, Jana (1 January 2018). "BABA – z letohrádku zřícenina" [Baba – from a summer house to a ruin]. kamsevydat.cz (in Czech). Retrieved 2 April 2023.
  3. ^ a b "Zřícenina Baba" [Baba ruins]. tipynavylet.cz (in Czech). 12 November 2006. Archived from the original on 11 February 2009. Retrieved 2 April 2023.
  4. ^ "Zřícenina Na Babě" (in Czech). National Heritage Institute. Retrieved 3 April 2023.
  5. ^ Šalek, Martin (25 September 2006). "Zřícenina Baba svítí" [Baba ruin shines]. praha6.cz (in Czech). Archived from the original on 30 May 2020. Retrieved 2 April 2023.

External links edit

  Media related to Baba ruins at Wikimedia Commons