Béni Abbès Province

The Wilaya of Béni Abbas (Arabic: ولاية بني عباس) is an Algerian Province created in 2019, previously, a delegated wilaya created in 2015. It is in the Algerian Sahara.

Béni Abbas Province
ولاية بني عباس
Map of Algeria highlighting Béni Abbès
Map of Algeria highlighting Béni Abbès
Coordinates: 30°08′00″N 2°10′00″W / 30.13333°N 2.16667°W / 30.13333; -2.16667Coordinates: 30°08′00″N 2°10′00″W / 30.13333°N 2.16667°W / 30.13333; -2.16667
CountryAlgeria
CapitalBéni Abbès
Government
 • WāliBoubakar Lansari
Area
 • Total101,350 km2 (39,130 sq mi)
Elevation
276 m (906 ft)
Population
 (2008)[1]
 • Total50,163
 • Density0.49/km2 (1.3/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01 (CET)
Area Code+213 (0) 49
ISO 3166 codeDZ-01
Districts6
Municipalities10

GeographyEdit

The wilaya of Béni Abbès is in the Algerian Sahara; its area is 101,350 km².

It is delimited:

The greater part of the province is uninhabitable sand dune fields (ergs), in particular the Great Western Erg and the Erg Er Raoui, or dry plains (hamadas) suitable for grazing but with insufficient surface water to support agriculture. Most settlements are concentrated in oases along the Saoura valley and its tributaries. An aquifer under the Erg Er Raoui supports the main exception, Tabelbala.

Natural resources include copper in the south in Djebel Ben Tagine.[2]

HistoryEdit

The oases' traditional economic basis was agriculture, notably growing date palms and grain. The inhabitants of Igli speak Berber, and those of Tabelbala a Songhay language, Korandje; elsewhere, Arabic is spoken. Many of the oases had significant populations of haratin or shurfa. A notable zaouia (traditional religious school) is found at Kerzaz. The region also supported a substantial mainly Arab pastoralist nomadic population, notably the Ghenanma, Chaamba, and Reguibat; some of these still remain nomadic, but most have settled in the oases. Trans-Saharan trade routes passing through this region played an important role in its economy in pre-modern times, but have at present been superseded.

Administrative divisionsEdit

The province is made up of 6 districts and 10 municipalities.[3]

The districts are:

The municipalities are:

HistoryEdit

The wilaya of Béni Abbès was created on November 26, 2019 .

Previously, it was a delegated wilaya, created according to the law n° 15–140 of May 27, 2015, creating administrative districts in certain wilayas and fixing the specific rules related to them, as well as the list of municipalities that are attached to it. Before 2019, it was attached to the Bechar Province.

Organization of the wilayaEdit

During the administrative breakdown of 2015, the delegated wilaya of Béni Abbès is made up of 10 communes and 3 Districts

List of walisEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Office National des Statistiques, Recensement General de la Population et de l’Habitat 2008 Archived July 24, 2008, at the Wayback Machine Preliminary results of the 2008 population census. Accessed on July 2, 2008.
  2. ^ "Mining Potentialities". Archived from the original on November 18, 2010. Retrieved September 19, 2010.
  3. ^ "Dairas Et Communes" (in French). Site Officiel de la Wilaya de Bechar. Archived from the original on February 16, 2013. Retrieved March 9, 2013.