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The Wilaya of Béni Abbas (Arabic: ولاية بني عباس) is an Algerian Province created in 2019, previously, a delegated wilaya created in 2015. It is in the Algerian Sahara.
Béni Abbas Province
ولاية بني عباس
|• Wāli||Boubakar Lansari|
|• Total||101,350 km2 (39,130 sq mi)|
|Elevation||276 m (906 ft)|
|• Density||0.49/km2 (1.3/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01 (CET)|
|Area Code||+213 (0) 49|
|ISO 3166 code||DZ-01|
The wilaya of Béni Abbès is in the Algerian Sahara; its area is 101,350 km².
It is delimited:
- to the north by the Bechar Province and Morocco;
- to the east by the Timimoun Province;
- to the west by the Tindouf Province;
- and to the south by the Tindouf Province and Adrar Province.
The greater part of the province is uninhabitable sand dune fields (ergs), in particular the Great Western Erg and the Erg Er Raoui, or dry plains (hamadas) suitable for grazing but with insufficient surface water to support agriculture. Most settlements are concentrated in oases along the Saoura valley and its tributaries. An aquifer under the Erg Er Raoui supports the main exception, Tabelbala.
The oases' traditional economic basis was agriculture, notably growing date palms and grain. The inhabitants of Igli speak Berber, and those of Tabelbala a Songhay language, Korandje; elsewhere, Arabic is spoken. Many of the oases had significant populations of haratin or shurfa. A notable zaouia (traditional religious school) is found at Kerzaz. The region also supported a substantial mainly Arab pastoralist nomadic population, notably the Ghenanma, Chaamba, and Reguibat; some of these still remain nomadic, but most have settled in the oases. Trans-Saharan trade routes passing through this region played an important role in its economy in pre-modern times, but have at present been superseded.
The districts are:
The municipalities are:
The wilaya of Béni Abbès was created on November 26, 2019 .
Previously, it was a delegated wilaya, created according to the law n° 15–140 of May 27, 2015, creating administrative districts in certain wilayas and fixing the specific rules related to them, as well as the list of municipalities that are attached to it. Before 2019, it was attached to the Bechar Province.
Organization of the wilayaEdit
List of walisEdit
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- Office National des Statistiques, Recensement General de la Population et de l’Habitat 2008 Archived July 24, 2008, at the Wayback Machine Preliminary results of the 2008 population census. Accessed on July 2, 2008.
- "Mining Potentialities". Archived from the original on November 18, 2010. Retrieved September 19, 2010.
- "Dairas Et Communes" (in French). Site Officiel de la Wilaya de Bechar. Archived from the original on February 16, 2013. Retrieved March 9, 2013.