Ayni, Ayni District

Ayni (Russian: Айни; Tajik: Айнӣ) is a village and jamoat in north-west Tajikistan. It is the capital of Ayni District in Sughd Region, named after the Tajik national poet Sadriddin Ayni. It lies about 177 kilometres (110 mi) from Khujand and 165 kilometres (103 mi) from Dushanbe on the bank of the river Zeravshan.[2] The jamoat has a total population of 14,862 (2015).[3] It consists of 11 villages, including Ayni (the seat), Chore, Khushikat, Kumarg, Zasun and Zindakon.[4]

Ayni
Russian: Айни
Tajik: Айнӣ
Village and Jamoat
Ayni, Tajikistan アイニ村、タジキスタン.jpg
Ayni is located in Tajikistan
Ayni
Ayni
Location in Tajikistan
Coordinates: 39°23′51″N 68°32′26″E / 39.39750°N 68.54056°E / 39.39750; 68.54056Coordinates: 39°23′51″N 68°32′26″E / 39.39750°N 68.54056°E / 39.39750; 68.54056
Country Tajikistan
RegionSughd Region
DistrictAyni District
Population
 (2015)
 • Total14,862
Time zoneUTC+5 (TJT)
Official languages

HistoryEdit

Ayni is an ancient town of the Sogdian civilization and later became an Islamic town; a minaret known as the Varz-i Manor (dated 9th-12th century) still stands.[5] Between 1930 and 1955 it was known as Zahmatobod.[2] It was a notable centre for Tajik nationalists.[6]

EconomyEdit

Agriculture, tobacco, grain and fruit production form the backbone of the local economy, and there is also a large coal mine Fa-Yagh-nob with a 1.8 billion ton capacity, and a plant located here.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "КОНСТИТУЦИЯ РЕСПУБЛИКИ ТАДЖИКИСТАН". prokuratura.tj. Parliament of Tajikistan. Retrieved 9 January 2020.
  2. ^ a b c Abdullaev, Kamoludin; Akbarzaheh, Shahram (27 April 2010). Historical Dictionary of Tajikistan. Scarecrow Press. p. 72. ISBN 978-0-8108-6061-2. Retrieved 27 May 2013.
  3. ^ Jamoat-level basic indicators, United Nations Development Programme in Tajikistan, accessed 5 October 2020
  4. ^ Jamoat named by Sadriddin Ayni, tojkiston.ucoz.ru
  5. ^ "Upper Zerafshan Valley & Ayni travel guide". Caravanistan. Retrieved 2019-12-25.
  6. ^ Allworth, Edward (1994). Muslim Communities Reemerge: Historical Perspectives on Nationality, Politics and Opposition in the Former Soviet Union and Yugoslavia. Duke University Press. p. 31. ISBN 978-0-8223-1490-5. Retrieved 27 May 2013.