Ayni, Ayni District

Ayni or Aini (Tajik: Айнӣ) is a town and jamoat in north-west Tajikistan. It is the capital of Ayni District in Sughd province, named after the Tajik national poet Sadriddin Ayni. It lies about 177 kilometres (110 mi) from Khujand and 165 kilometres (103 mi) from Dushanbe on the bank of the Zeravshan River.[1] The jamoat has a total population of 12,131.[2]

Ayni
Town and Jamoat
Ayni, Tajikistan アイニ村、タジキスタン.jpg
Ayni is located in Tajikistan
Ayni
Ayni
Location in Tajikistan
Coordinates: 39°23′51″N 68°32′26″E / 39.39750°N 68.54056°E / 39.39750; 68.54056Coordinates: 39°23′51″N 68°32′26″E / 39.39750°N 68.54056°E / 39.39750; 68.54056
Country Tajikistan
ProvinceSughd
DistrictAini District
Population
 • Total12,131
Time zoneUTC+5 (TJT)

HistoryEdit

Ayni is an ancient town of the Sogdian civilization and later became an Islamic town; a minaret known as the Varz-i Manor (dated 9th-12th century) still stands.[3] Between 1930 and 1955 it was known as Zahmatobod.[1] It was a notable centre for Tajik nationalists.[4]

EconomyEdit

Agriculture, tobacco, grain and fruit production form the backbone of the local economy, and there is also a large coal mine Fa-Yagh-nob with a 1.8 billion ton capacity, and a plant located here.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Abdullaev, Kamoludin; Akbarzaheh, Shahram (27 April 2010). Historical Dictionary of Tajikistan. Scarecrow Press. p. 72. ISBN 978-0-8108-6061-2. Retrieved 27 May 2013.
  2. ^ "List of Jamoats". UN Coordination, Tajikistan. Archived from the original on July 16, 2011. Retrieved April 4, 2009.
  3. ^ "Upper Zerafshan Valley & Ayni travel guide". Caravanistan. Retrieved 2019-12-25.
  4. ^ Allworth, Edward (1994). Muslim Communities Reemerge: Historical Perspectives on Nationality, Politics and Opposition in the Former Soviet Union and Yugoslavia. Duke University Press. p. 31. ISBN 978-0-8223-1490-5. Retrieved 27 May 2013.