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Avicularia purpurea

Avicularia purpurea, also called purple tree tarantula[citation needed], Ecuadorian purple tarantula[2] or Ecuador purple pinktoe,[3] is a species of spider belonging to the family Theraphosidae (tarantulas).[1]

Avicularia purpurea
Avicularia purpurea female southern form ZK170.jpg
Female, southern form
Avicularia purpurea male southern form ZK171.jpg
Male, southern form
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Infraorder: Mygalomorphae
Family: Theraphosidae
Genus: Avicularia
Species: A. purpurea
Binomial name
Avicularia purpurea
Kirk, 1990[1]

Contents

DistributionEdit

These spiders are mainly present in Ecuador in the Amazon Region.[2]

HabitatEdit

This species can be found in very different habitats, but frequently it is present in agricultural areas, especially in the field of grazing cattle. Sometimes it can be found in holes of walls of buildings or in the spaces below the roofs.[2][4][3]

DescriptionEdit

 
Female

Avicularia purpurea can reach a length of about 5 centimetres (2.0 in), therefore it is among the smaller members of the genus Avicularia.[5]

In daylight this spider discloses a quite intense purple-blue iridescence on the dorsal surface of the cephalothorax and on legs, palps and chelicerae. The long setae covering the legs and palps are dark red-brown. The tarsal and metatarsal scopulae are very dark brown. The tarsal tufts are pale cream-pink in colour. The abdomen is velvet-black and covered with stinging hairs.[2][4]

BehaviorEdit

Avicularia purpurea is primarily an arboreal spider. This climbing species builds its nests primarily in hollows in the trees, sometimes in the vicinity of epiphytic plants. These spiders eat mostly crickets, cockroaches, meal worms, waxworms and darkling beetles, but they also can catch small rodents. During mating the females become very aggressive towards the males. A few months after mating the female lays up to 120 eggs in a cocoon.[4] Six to eight weeks later between 50 and 120 nymphs hatch.[2][3][5][6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Taxon details Avicularia purpurea Kirk, 1990". World Spider Catalog. Natural History Museum Bern. Retrieved 2016-03-25.
  2. ^ a b c d e The tarantula's burrow
  3. ^ a b c TarantulasUS
  4. ^ a b c Kirk, P.J. (1990). "Avicularia purpurea, a new species of theraphosid spider from Ecuador". British Tarantula Society Journal. 6 (1): 15–19.
  5. ^ a b Peters, Heinz-Josef (2003). Amerika's Vogelspinnen. Tarantulas of the World (in German). Wegberg: H.-J. Peters. pp. 93–94. ISBN 978-3-933443-06-9.
  6. ^ Tinter, Andreas (2001). Vogelspinnen : Gifte, Lebensweise, Verhalten (in German). Hamburg: Nikol. ISBN 978-3-933203-49-6.