Aureliano de Beruete
Aureliano de Beruete (1845–1912) was a Spanish landscape painter, art critic and social activist.
Born in Madrid into a wealthy family from the minor nobility, he followed his family's wishes, received his Doctorate in Law at the University of Madrid in 1867 and served as a Deputy in the Cortes for two sessions; 1871 and 1872.
He was more inclined to art, however, and had his first lessons at the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando, where he studied with Carlos de Haes. His ample income allowed him to devote himself entirely to painting. One of his first works was a depiction of "Orbajosa"; an imaginary village created by Benito Pérez Galdós for his novel Doña Perfecta, which Beruete gave to the author as a gift. Later, he made a trip to Paris, where he was introduced to plein-air painting by Martín Rico.
For many years, he was a Professor at the Institución Libre de Enseñanza (which he helped to create) and is often associated with the Generation of '98 or its political movement, Regenerationism. He also supported scientific conferences and excursions, which included a crossing of the Sierra de Guadarrama that he participated in and used as inspiration for many of his works. Throughout his life, he remained an avid traveller and enthusiastic exhibitor. He was awarded the Grand Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic in 1900.
During the last years of his life, he wrote several brief treatises on painting and painters, including one of the first monographs on Diego Velázquez, which was published in Paris in 1898. In fact, he numbered most of the great Spanish artists of the day among his friends. After his death in 1912 in Madrid, Joaquín Sorolla organized the first retrospective of Beruete's works, held at Sorolla's mansion.
- Velázquez, translated by Sir Hugh Edward Poynter, Methuen & Co. (Classics of Art series) 1906.
- Brief biography @ the Museo del Prado.
- Brief biography @ MCN Biografías.
- Leo J. Hoar Jr., "Galdós y Aureliano de Beruete, visión renovada de Orbajosa" @ Memoria Digital de Canarias.
- Aureliano de Beruete. 1845–1912 (Exhibition catalog), Barcelona, Obra Social de la Caja de Pensiones, 1983.
- Aureliano de Beruete (Exhibition catalog), Madrid, Sociedad Española de Amigos del Arte, 1941.
- Francisco Calvo Serraller, "Aureliano Beruete y la cultura artística de la Restauración", in Pintores españoles entre dos fines de siglo (1880–1990), de Eduardo Rosales a Miquel Barceló, Madrid, Alianza Editorial, 1990 ISBN 84-206-7099-5
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- Ciudad de la pintura: Brief biography and more paintings.