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Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando

The Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando (Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando), located on the Calle de Alcalá in the heart of Madrid, currently functions as a museum and gallery.

Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando
Emblem of the Spanish Royal Academy of Fine Arts.svg
TypePublic
Established1744
Location,
Spain
Websitehttp://www.realacademiabellasartessanfernando.com/
Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando
Native name
Spanish: Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando
Palacio de Goyeneche - Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando.jpg
LocationMadrid, Spain
Official name: Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando
TypeNon-movable
CriteriaMonument
Designated1971
Reference no.RI-51-0003855
Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando is located in Spain
Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando
Location of Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando in Spain

The academy was established by royal decree in 1744. About twenty years later, the enlightened monarch Charles III purchased a palace in Madrid as the academy's new home. The building had been designed by José Benito de Churriguera for the Goyeneche family. The king commissioned Diego de Villanueva to convert the building for academic use, employing a neoclassical style[1] in place of Churriguera's baroque design.

Doubling as a museum and gallery, today it houses a fine art collection of paintings from the 15th to 20th centuries: Arcimboldo, Giovanni Bellini, Antonio Allegri da Correggio, Guido Reni, Rubens, Giovanni Battista Beinaschi, Zurbarán, Murillo, Fragonard, Goya, Giuseppe Pirovani (one rare Portrait of George Washington), Juan Gris, Pablo Serrano, Lorenzo Quiros, among others. The academy is also the headquarters of the Madrid Academy of Art.

The first graduate of the academy was Bárbara María Hueva.[2]

Francisco Goya was once one of the academy's directors, and its alumni include Felip Pedrell, Pablo Picasso, Kiko Argüello, Salvador Dalí, Antonio López García, Juan Luna, Oscar de la Renta, and Fernando Botero.[3][4]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ (in Spanish) La institución Official website. Retrieved 26 May 2013.
  2. ^ Shearjashub Spooner (1880). Anecdotes of Painters, Engravers, Sculptors and Architects, and Curiosities of Art. A.W. Lovering. pp. 210–211.
  3. ^ Gomadrid.com
  4. ^ Karaart.com

External linksEdit