Auckland East

Auckland East was a New Zealand electorate, situated in the east of Auckland. It existed between 1861 and 1887, and again between 1905 and 1946.

HistoryEdit

The Auckland East electorate was established for the 1860–1861 election, when the City of Auckland electorate was split in half. It consisted of most of modern Auckland's central business district. Its boundaries remained largely static until 1875–1876 election, when the focus of the electorate shifted eastwards, making room for Auckland North electorate. It was abolished in the 1887 election, with most of its territory being absorbed by the neighbouring Parnell electorate.

At the 1905 election, a new electorate of the same name was created, again by abolishing a multi-member seat called City of Auckland. The boundaries of the new Auckland East were similar to those of the original, although its borders often shifted. By the 1938 election, it had lost most of the central business district, and was more focused on Parnell, Newmarket, and Grafton. It was abolished in the 1946 election, with most of its territory becoming part of a re-established Parnell electorate.

The first seat called Auckland East existed before political parties. The second seat was initially held by the Liberals, but later swung to the rising Labour Party, with the United Party (the Liberals' successor) capturing it only once after its initial loss. The seat also briefly belonged to the Reform Party, which captured it in a by-election but was unable to keep it.

John A. Lee failed to win the seat for Labour in the 1921 by-election, but won it in the 1922 election and the 1925 election. However he lost the seat in the 1928 election (by 37 votes), which he later blamed on boundary changes. In 1927 the Representation Commission proposed altering the boundaries of the Parnell electorate; which if confirmed would have made the electorate "dry" or no-licence, and without an authority which could issue temporary licences for the Ellerslie and Alexandra Park raceways. Following objections, the boundary between the Parnell and Auckland East electorates was adjusted to include a hotel in the Parnell electorate (so retaining the licensing committee). [1]

Emily Maguire contested the 1928 election for the Reform Party, but was unsuccessful against James Donald of the United Party.[2]

Election resultsEdit

Key

  Independent     Liberal     Independent Liberal     Reform     Labour     United  

Election Winner
1861 election Thomas Russell
1866 election Archibald Clark[3]
1871 election Julius Vogel
1875 election William Rees
1879 election William Speight
1881 election Sir George Grey
1884 election
(Electorate abolished 1887–1905)
1905 election Frederick Baume
1908 election
1910 by-election Arthur Myers
1911 election
1914 election
1919 election
1921 by-election Clutha Mackenzie
1922 election John A. Lee
1925 election
1928 election James Donald
1931 election Bill Schramm
1935 election
1938 election
1943 election
(electorate abolished 1946; see Parnell)

Election resultsEdit

1943 electionEdit

1943 general election: Auckland East[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Bill Schramm 7,167 47.08 -11.18
National Harry Tom Merritt 6,205 40.76 -1.27
Democratic Labour Leo Steve Dromgoole 1,366 8.97
Independent Ron Howell 127 0.83
Real Democracy Frederick Jordan 96 0.63
People's Movement Richard Culver 46 0.30
Informal votes 199 1.30 +0.59
Majority 962 6.32 -10.89
Turnout 15,220 81.85 -6.38

1938 electionEdit

1938 general election: Auckland East[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Bill Schramm 8,887 58.26 +6.28
National Harry Tom Merritt 6,261 41.03
Informal votes 109 0.71
Majority 2,626 17.21 -2.57
Turnout 15,257 88.23

1935 electionEdit

1935 general election: Auckland East[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Bill Schramm 6,140 51.98 +10.32
Reform Harold Percy Burton 3,803 32.20 +8.06
Democrat James Donald 1,649 13.96
Independent Thomas Lamont 218 1.84
Majority 2,337 19.78
Turnout 11,810

1931 electionEdit

1931 general election: Auckland East[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Bill Schramm 3,893 41.66
Reform Harold Percy Burton 2,256 24.14
United William Henry Horton 1,754 18.77
Women's Candidate Ellen Melville 1,002 10.72
Independent John Alexander Arthur 439 4.70
Majority 1,637 17.52 +17.17
Turnout 9,344 73.70 -5.74
Registered electors 12,678

1928 electionEdit

1928 general election: Auckland East[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
United James Donald 4,254 39.59
Labour John A. Lee 4,217 39.25 -5.70
Reform Emily Maguire 2,274 21.16
Majority 37 0.34 -2.55
Informal votes 220 2.01 +0.92
Turnout 10,965 79.45 -7.55
Registered electors 13,802

1925 electionEdit

1925 general election: Auckland East[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour John A. Lee 4,477 44.95 -7.90
Reform James Stewart 4,189 42.06
Liberal H. Oakley Browne[10] 1,293 12.98
Majority 288 2.89 -4.34
Informal votes 110 1.09 -0.42
Turnout 10,069 87.00 +0.35
Registered electors 11,573

1922 electionEdit

1922 general election: Auckland East[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour John A. Lee 5,226 52.85 +20.04
Reform Clutha Mackenzie 4,511 45.62 +6.86
Informal votes 150 1.51
Majority 715 7.23
Turnout 9,887 86.65 +27.57
Registered electors 11,409

1921 by-electionEdit

1921 Auckland East by-election[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Reform Clutha Mackenzie 2,613 38.76 -0.01
Labour John A. Lee 2,212 32.81
Liberal George Warren Russell 1,053 15.62
Independent George H Foster 863 12.80
Majority 401 5.94
Turnout 6,741 59.08 -24.68

1919 electionEdit

1919 general election: Auckland East[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Arthur Myers 3,718 40.50 -26.05
Reform Clutha Mackenzie 3,560 38.77
Labour Robert Frederick Way 1,756 19.12
Informal votes 146 1.59 +0.01
Majority 158 1.72 -31.39
Turnout 9,180 83.76 +6.03
Registered electors 10,959

1914 electionEdit

1914 general election: Auckland East[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Arthur Myers 5,039 66.55 +3.70
Reform Arthur Holmes 2,532 33.44
Informal votes 120 1.58 -0.66
Majority 2,507 33.11 +5.18
Turnout 7,571 77.73 -1.14
Registered electors 9,740

1911 electionEdit

1911 general election: Auckland East[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Arthur Myers 4,485 62.85 +4.43
Independent Labour Arthur Withy 2,490 34.89
Informal votes 160 2.24
Majority 1,993 27.93 -10.52
Turnout 7,135 78.87 +13.85
Registered electors 9,046

1910 by-electionEdit

1910 Auckland East by-election[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Liberal Arthur Myers 3,180 58.42
Labour George Davis 1,087 19.97
Reform William Richardson 754 13.85 -23.45
Independent Reginald Walter Hill 309 5.67
Labour George Irving McKnight 75 1.37
Majority 2,093 38.45
Turnout 5,443 65.02 -8.67

1908 electionEdit

1908 general election: Auckland East[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Frederick Baume 3,358 55.37 +9.40
Conservative William Richardson 2,262 37.30 +16.83
Ind. Labour League John Nicholson Harle 374 6.16
Informal votes 70 1.15 -0.35
Majority 1,096 18.07 +2.28
Turnout 6,064 73.69 -6.43
Registered electors 8,228

1905 electionEdit

1905 general election: Auckland East[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Frederick Baume 2,535 45.97
Conservative Harry Bamford 1,664 30.17
Conservative William Richardson 1,129 20.47
Socialist Robert Frederick Way 103 1.86
Informal votes 83 1.50
Majority 871 15.79
Turnout 5,514 80.12
Registered electors 6,882

1881 electionEdit

1881 general election: Auckland East[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Sir George Grey 349 52.56
Independent James Clark 315 47.43
Majority 34 5.12
Turnout 664 71.78
Registered electors 925

ReferencesEdit

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). New Zealand Electoral Atlas. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8.
  1. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 10.
  2. ^ Hutching, Megan. "Emily Maguire". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 23 April 2017.
  3. ^ Cyclopedia Company Limited (1902). "Mr. Archibald Clark". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Auckland Provincial District. Christchurch. Retrieved 24 June 2010.
  4. ^ "The General Election, 1943". National Library. 1944. pp. 1–12. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
  5. ^ "The General Election, 1938". National Library. 1939. pp. 1–6. Retrieved 8 February 2012.
  6. ^ The General Election, 1935. National Library. 1936. pp. 1–35. Retrieved 3 August 2013.
  7. ^ "Recount of Votes". Auckland Star. Vol. LXII, no. 289. 7 December 1931. p. 9. Retrieved 31 October 2014.
  8. ^ Skinner, W. A. G. (1929). The General Election, 1928. Government Printer. p. 1. Retrieved 16 February 2020.
  9. ^ The General Election, 1925. Government Printer. 1926. p. 1. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
  10. ^ "Independent Stand". The New Zealand Herald. Vol. LXII, no. 19149. 15 October 1925. p. 14. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
  11. ^ The General Election, 1922. Government Printer. 1923. p. 2. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  12. ^ "Auckland East Election". Manawatu Standard. Vol. XLIII, no. 365. 8 November 1921. p. 5. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
  13. ^ Hislop, J. (1921). The General Election, 1919. National Library. pp. 1–6. Retrieved 6 December 2014.
  14. ^ Hislop, J. (1915). The General Election, 1914. National Library. pp. 1–33. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
  15. ^ "The General Election, 1911". National Library. 1912. pp. 1–14. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
  16. ^ "Auckland East by-election". Wanganui Chronicle. Vol. L, no. 12539. 17 June 1910. p. 5. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  17. ^ "The General Election, 1908". National Library. 1909. pp. 1–34. Retrieved 14 April 2012.
  18. ^ "The General Election, 1905". National Library. 1906. pp. 1–6. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
  19. ^ *Cooper, G. S. (1882). Votes Recorded for Each Candidate. Government Printer. Retrieved 24 October 2015.