Attorney General of South Dakota

The Attorney General of South Dakota is the state attorney general of the U.S. state of South Dakota. The attorney general is elected by popular vote to a four-year term and holds an executive position as the state's chief legal officer. In 1992, the voters approved a Constitutional Amendment to limit all constitutional officers and the governor to two consecutive four year terms.[3][4]

Attorney General of South Dakota
SouthDakota-StateSeal.svg
Incumbent
Charlie McGuigan
(Acting)

since April 12, 2022 (during Ravnsborg's suspension)
June 21, 2022 (after Ravensborg's removal)
StyleThe Honorable
Term lengthFour years, renewable once [1]
FormationConstitution of South Dakota, 1889
First holderRobert Dollard
Salary$118,603 [2]
Websitehttps://atg.sd.gov/

Structure of the officeEdit

The South Dakota Attorney General's Office represents and provides legal advice to agencies, boards, and commissions of the government of South Dakota. The office represents the state in state and federal court, as well as in administrative adjudication and rulemaking hearings. The office handles felony criminal appeals, advises local prosecutors in the conduct of criminal trials and handles cases at the request of local prosecutors. In addition, the office issues formal opinions interpreting statutes for the agencies and political subdivisions of the state.[5]

HistoryEdit

Within South Dakota, the office of attorney general is often considered a stepping stone to the office of governor.[6] Six attorneys general Coe I. Crawford (won 1904 & 1906), Merrell Q. Sharpe (won 1942 & 1944; lost 1946), George Theodore Mickelson (won 1946 & 1948), Sigurd Anderson (won 1950 & 1952; lost 1964), Frank Farrar (won 1968; lost 1970) and Bill Janklow (won 1978, 1982, 1994 & 1998) have each been elected governor. While six others, Robert Dollard (lost 1892), Mark Barnett (lost 2002), Buell Jones (lost 1928), Leo Temmey (lost 1942), Phil Saunders (lost 1958), and Marty Jackley (lost 2018), have run for governor unsuccessfully. Attorneys General and former Attorneys General have a record of 13 wins and 9 losses in running for Governor. A graduate of the University of South Dakota School of Law has held the office of Attorney General uninterrupted since 1959. South Dakota has the second longest streak of Republican Attorneys General in the country, dating back to 1975 (Nebraska has had Republican Attorneys General since 1951). [7]

List of attorneys generalEdit

Parties

  Democratic (4)   Republican (26)   Populist (1)

No. Picture Name (Birth-Death) Term of Office Political Party Law school
1   Robert Dollard
(1842-1912)
1889–1893 Republican Read law
2   Coe I. Crawford
(1858-1944)
1893–1897 Republican University of Iowa
3   Melvin Grigsby
(1845-1917)
1897–1899 Populist Read law with William Pitt Dewey
4   John L. Pyle
(1860-1902)
1899–1902 Republican Read law under Manford E. Williams
5   Adolphus W. Burtt
(1832-1917)
1902–1903 Republican Read Law under Michael E. Crofoot
6   Philo Hall
(1865-1938)
1903-1907 Republican Read law under J. O. Andrews
7   S. Wesley Clark
(1872-1949)
1907–1911 Republican Read law under Thomas Sterling
8   Royal Johnson
(1882-1939)
1911–1915 Republican University of South Dakota
9   Clarence C. Caldwell
(1877-1957)
1915–1919 Republican University of Chicago (attended)
University of South Dakota (graduated)
10   Byron S. Payne
(1876-1949)
1919–1923 Republican University of Minnesota
11   Buell F. Jones
(1892-1947)
1923–1929 Republican University of South Dakota
12   Merrell Q. Sharpe
(1888-1962)
1929–1933 Republican University of South Dakota
13 D. Walter Conway
(1898-1956)
1933–1937 Democratic Creighton University
14   Clair Roddewig
(1902-1975)
1937–1939 Democratic Creighton University
15   Leo A. Temmey
(1894-1975)
1939–1943 Republican University of Minnesota
16   George T. Mickelson
(1903-1965)
1943–1947 Republican University of South Dakota
17   Sigurd Anderson
(1904-1990)
1947–1951 Republican University of South Dakota
18   Ralph A. Dunham
(1906-1959)
1951–1955 Republican University of Iowa
19   Phil Saunders
(1920-1997)
1955–1959 Republican Northwestern University
20   Parnell J. Donahue
(1916-1990)
1959–1961 Democratic University of South Dakota
21   Albert C. Miller
(1898-1979)
1961–1963 Republican University of South Dakota
22   Frank Farrar
(1929-2021)
1963–1969 Republican University of South Dakota
23   Gordon Mydland
(b. 1922)
1969–1973 Republican University of South Dakota
24   Kermit A. Sande
(1943-2018)
1973–1975 Democratic University of South Dakota
25   Bill Janklow
(1939-2012)
1975–1979 Republican University of South Dakota
26 Mark V. Meierhenry
(1944-2020)
1979–1987 Republican University of South Dakota
27 Roger Tellinghuisen
(b. 1953)
1987–1991 Republican University of South Dakota
28 Mark Barnett
(b.1954)
1991–2003 Republican University of South Dakota
29   Larry Long
(b. 1947)
2003–2009 Republican University of South Dakota
30   Marty Jackley
(b. 1970)
2009–2019 Republican University of South Dakota
31   Jason Ravnsborg
(b. 1976)
2019–2022 Republican University of South Dakota
  Charlie McGuigan 2022–present
Acting
Republican University of Montana

Living former Attorneys General of South DakotaEdit

As of June 2022, there were six former and current Attorneys General of South Dakota still alive, the oldest Attorneys General of South Dakota being Gordon Mydland (served 1969–1973, born 1922). The most recent Attorney General of South Dakota to pass away was Frank Farrar (served 1963–1969) on October 31, 2021.

Attorney General Attorney General term Date of birth (and age)
Gordon Mydland 1969-1973 (1922-05-12) May 12, 1922 (age 100)
Roger Tellinghuisen 1987-1991 (1953-03-27) March 27, 1953 (age 69)
Mark Barnett 1991-2003 (1954-09-04) September 4, 1954 (age 67)
Larry Long 2003-2009 (1947-09-30) September 30, 1947 (age 74)
Marty Jackley 2009-2019 (1970-10-13) October 13, 1970 (age 51)
Jason Ravnsborg 2019-2022 (1976-04-12) April 12, 1976 (age 46)

ElectionsEdit

The voters of the U.S. State of South Dakota elect an attorney general for a four-year term. The winning candidate is shown in bold.

Year Democratic Republican Other Parties Election Day
2022 Nov. 8,2022
2018 Randy Seiler 145,558 Jason Ravnsborg 179,071 Nov. 6,2018
2014 Marty Jackley 208,848 Chad Huber (Libertarian) 45,856 Nov. 4,2014
2010 Ron Volesky 100,182 Marty Jackley 202,499 Nov. 2,2010
2006 Ron Volesky: 104,267 Larry Long 207,079 Randy Ristesund (Libertarian) 8,904 Nov. 7,2006
2002 Ron Volesky: 139,451 Larry Long 174,513 Bob Newland (Libertarian) 12,131 Nov. 2,2002
1998 Mark Barnett 223,000 Nov. 3,1998
1994 Randy Turner 106,709 Mark Barnett 192,147 Bert Olson (Libertarian) 9,410 Nov. 8,1994
1990 Michael Butler 102,231 Mark Barnett 150,109 Nov. 6,1990
1986 Jeff Masten 133,577 Roger Tellinghuisen 153,871 Nov. 4,1986
1982 Rod Lefholz 119,697 Mark V. Meierhenry 153,728 Nov.2,1982
1978 Max Gors 106,199 Mark V. Meierhenry 141,891 Nov.7,1978
1974 Kermit A. Sande 86,865 William Janklow 173,658 Nov. 5,1974
1972 Kermit A. Sande 152,835 Ron Schmidt 143,367 Nov. 7,1972
1970 Ramon Roubideaux 114,633 Gordon Mydland 116,493 Nov.3,1970
1968 James Abourezk 118,045 Gordon Mydland 148,366 Nov.5,1968
1966 Robert W. Swanson 79,670 Frank Farrar 141,734 Nov.8,1966
1964 William C. Grady 125,047 Frank Farrar 157,848 Nov.3,1964
1962 Thomas E. Poe 107,897 Frank Farrar 137,836 Nov. 6,1962
1960 Parnell J. Donahue 138,320 Albert C. Miller 160,299 Nov.8,1960
1958 Parnell J. Donahue 126,225 George Wuest 122,332 Nov.4,1958
1956 William H. Heuermann 127,988 Phil Saunders 156,149 Nov.6,1956
1954 Fred J. Nichol 102,726 Phil Saunders 127,692 Nov.2,1954
1952 C.W. (Bill) Hyde 94,396 Ralph A. Dunham 187,888 Nov.4,1952
1950 George A. Bangs 97,792 Ralph A. Dunham 144,694 Nov.7,1950
1948 D.C. Walsh 99,724 Sigurd Anderson 137,370 Nov.2,1948
1946 Albert F. Ulmer 50,480 Sigurd Anderson 106,502 Nov.5,1946
1944 Fred E. Wheeler 83,441 George T. Mickelson 137,311 Nov.7,1944
1942 Lynn Fellows 62,527 George T. Mickelson 108,155 Nov.3,1942
1940 Andrew Foley 122,173 Leo A. Temmey 170,269 Nov.7,1940
1938 Clair Roddewig 123,671 Leo A. Temmey 144,125 Nov.8,1938
1936 Clair Roddewig 138,786 Sterling Clark 138,410 Nov.3,1936
1934 D. Walter Conway 158,553 Roy A. Nord 112,764 Nov.6,1934
1932 D. Walter Conway 135,393 Merrell Q. Sharpe 128,644 Nov.8,1932
1930 J.T. Grigsby 86,984 Merrell Q. Sharpe 101,961 Nov.4,1930
1928 Ray E. Doughtery 99,604 Merrell Q. Sharpe137,079 Lars J. Grinager (F.L.) 3,611 Nov.6,1928
1926 Charles F. Noonon 54,194 Buell F. Jones 98,570 C.W.Kirschman (F.L.) 11,772 Nov.2,1926
1924 F.E. Flynn 39,278 Buell F. Jones 105,749 Thos L. Arnold (F.L.) 29,789 Nov.4,1924
1922 J.P. Alexander 38,125 Buell F. Jones 83,221 O.S. Hagen (N.P.) 36,337 Nov.7,1922
1920 Peter Ward 30,108 Byron S. Payne 104,417 O.M. Burch (N.P.) 43,891 Nov.2,1920
1918 Joseph J. Conry 19,712 Byron S. Payne 47,604 Seth Teesdale (Independent) Nov.5, 1918
1916 Joseph J. Conry 47,423 Clarence C. Caldwell 72,245 W.R. DeArment (Socialist) 3,620 Nov.7,1916
1914 L.W.Bicknell 33,705 Clarence C. Caldwell 54,129 M.J. Russell 1,403 Nov.3,1914
1912 W.A. Lynch 42,762 Royal Johnson 66,553 Nov.5,1912
1910 W.A. Lynch 30,533 Royal Johnson 66,085 Stacy A. Cochran (Independent) 1,656 Nov.8,1910
1908 S. Wesley Clark 68,605 John B. Hanten (Good Government)19,613
 S.H. Cranmer (Socialist) 2,906
 Geo W Lattin (Scales of Justice) 141
Nov.3,1908
1906 Calvin J.B. Harris 19,942 S. Wesley Clark 48,287 S.H. Cranmer (Socialist) 2,372 Nov.6,1906
1904 Edmund W. Fiske 23,398 Philo Hall 69,529 S.H. Cranmer (Socialist) 2,866 T.H. Null (People's) 1,158 Nov.8,1904
1902 William A. Lynch 21,055 Philo Hall 48,425 S.H. Cranmer (Socialist) 2,636 Nov.4,1902
1900 John L. Pyle 53,909 Abner E. Hitchcock (Fusion) 40,057 Nov.6,1900
1898 John L. Pyle 38,701 C.S. Palmer (Fusion) 34,147 Nov.8,1898
1896 S.V.Jones 40,931 Melvin Grigsby (Populist) 41,316 Nov.3,1986
1894 S.W. Treesh 8,451 Coe I. Crawford 40,805 T.H. Null (Independent) 27,214 Nov.4,1894
1892 Henry C. Walsh 14,788 Coe I. Crawford 33,778 W.H. Curtis (Independent) 21,730 Nov.8,1892
1890 S.B. Van Buskirk 17,824 Robert Dollard 35,241 S.W. Cosand (Independent) 24,546 Nov.4,1890
1889 H.F. Fellows 22,632 Robert Dollard 55,364 Oct.1,1889

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Article IV, Section 2, Constitution of South Dakota". South Dakota Legislature. Retrieved 27 July 2019.
  2. ^ "Jason Ravnsborg". Retrieved 12 July 2020.</
  3. ^ "South Dakota Term Limits, Amendment A (1992)". ballotpedia. Retrieved June 3, 2019.
  4. ^ "Constitutional Amendment A". sdsos.gov. Retrieved June 3, 2019.
  5. ^ "Chapter 1-11 Attorney General". sdlegislature.gov. Retrieved June 3, 2019.
  6. ^ Nixon, Lance. "Many Paths to Governor". capjournal.com. Capitol Journal.
  7. ^ "The Longest Partisan State Attorney General Streaks in the nation". lib.umn.edu. October 25, 2018. Retrieved July 20, 2019.</

External linksEdit