Atrium Health

Atrium Health, formerly Carolinas HealthCare System, is a hospital network with more than 70,000 employees. It operates 42 hospitals, six freestanding emergency departments, over 30 urgent care centers, and more than 1,500 care locations in the American states of North Carolina, Georgia, and Alabama. It provides care under the Atrium Health Wake Forest Baptist name in the Winston-Salem, North Carolina, region, Atrium Health Navicent in the Macon, Georgia area, and Atrium Health Floyd in the Rome, Georgia area. Atrium Health offers pediatric, cancer, and heart care, as well as organ transplants, burn treatments and specialized musculoskeletal programs.[1]

Charlotte-Mecklenburg Hospital Authority
Atrium Health
FormerlyCarolinas HealthCare System Charlotte Memorial Hospital
TypeNorth Carolina Hospital Authority
IndustryHealth care
FoundedOctober 7, 1940; 81 years ago (1940-10-07) in Charlotte, North Carolina, United States
Headquarters1000 Blythe Blvd, ,
Number of locations
  • 900+ care locations
  • 29 hospitals
  • 35 emergency departments
  • 32 cancer care locations
  • 3,350+ providers
  • 15,000+ nurses
  • 35 urgent care locations
Area served
North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, and Alabama
Key people
  • $9.9 billion net operating revenue
  • $5.8 million uncompensated care
Number of employees
~70,000 (2020)

Legally, Atrium Health is The Charlotte-Mecklenburg Hospital Authority,[2] a municipal hospital authority established under North Carolina's Hospital Authorities Act (North Carolina General Statutes chapter 131E, part 2). The authority is governed by a self-perpetuating board of commissioners which nominates new commissioners to fill its own vacancies; the chair of the Mecklenburg Board of County Commissioners can approve or veto those nominations but not make nominations of her own.[3]


  • In 1876, Jane Wilkes leads the effort to establish St. Peter's Hospital, originally called Charlotte Home and Hospital, in Charlotte's Fourth Ward.
  • Charlotte Memorial Hospital opens in 1940, replacing St. Peter's Hospital, whose remaining patients are transferred to Charlotte Memorial on October 7.
  • In 1943, Charlotte Memorial Hospital takes on a new legal status, known officially as the Charlotte Memorial Hospital Authority. This name was changed in 1961 to Charlotte Mecklenburg Hospital Authority.
  • Charlotte Memorial Hospital Authority assumes ownership and management of Good Samaritan Hospital, the city's only hospital providing non-emergency care to racial minority patients.
  • Charlotte Memorial Hospital adopts the first graphic version of its now-familiar "Tree of Life" logo in 1982.
  • Charlotte Memorial Hospital changes its name to Carolinas Medical Center (CMC) in 1990, and CMC is designated as one of North Carolina's five Academic Medical Center Teaching Hospitals.
  • The Charlotte Mecklenburg Hospital Authority begins using the name "Carolinas Healthcare System" in 1996.
  • In 2019, CMC underwent the system-wide rebrand and is now Atrium Health's Carolinas Medical Center.[4]
  • In 2020, Atrium Health and Wake Forest Baptist Health merged.[5]
  • In July 2021 Floyd Health of Rome, Georgia agreed to become a part of the Atrium system, as Atrium Health Floyd.[6]

COVID-19 ResponseEdit

  • Atrium Health's Levine Children's Hospital is one of 30 sites across the world – and the only children's hospital in North Carolina – selected to open a clinical trial to test the efficacy of remdesivir in pediatric patients who test positive for COVID-19.[7]
  • Atrium Health developed a new vaccine research program, “STRIVE for Healthier Futures,” with a goal of identifying a vaccine that safely and effectively prevents the spread of COVID-19. The STRIVE program, which stands for strategic research, innovation, vaccines, and engagement, consists of a "diverse, multi-disciplinary team of researchers, scientists, physicians, and other medical experts within the Atrium Health enterprise."[8]

Hospitals & FacilitiesEdit

Atrium Health is based in Charlotte. Carolinas Medical Center is the flagship hospital for the entire system (located between Dilworth and Myers Park). Atrium Health operates seven freestanding Emergency Departments, these are 24-hour emergency care centers for the treatment of emergency medical conditions, but are not attached to a full service hospital. Atrium Health also operates 37 urgent care centers across the system's Charlotte NC market. [9]

Medical Education & ResearchEdit

Other FacilitiesEdit

In addition to providing patients with quality health care, Atrium Health operates long-term care facilities in the Charlotte Area. Other facilities of importance include:

  • Carolinas Physician Network (Network of Physician Offices in North and South Carolina)
  • Mercy School of Nursing (Closed May 30, 2016) [12] replaced by Carolinas College of Health Sciences and Cabarrus College of Health Sciences. [13]
  • Sanger Heart & Vascular Institute is a cardiovascular practice in Charlotte, North Carolina.[14] It is the region's only clinic to offer minimally invasive heart bypass option and heart transplant center. Sanger includes more than 175 providers and 20 care centers across the Carolinas. Founded in 1956 by Paul Sanger and Dr. Francis Robicsek,[15][16]


Wake Forest Baptist Health (based in Winston-Salem, NC)Edit

On October 9, 2020, Atrium Health and Wake Forest Baptist Health, including Wake Forest School of Medicine, officially joined together as a single enterprise, Atrium Health.[17] The new enterprise became effective immediately.

The strategic combination was first announced in April 2019,[18] with a definitive agreement signed in October 2019, following approval by each entity's governing board.

On October 23, 2020, Atrium Health announced $3.4 billion in planned investments for Wake Forest Baptist Health and the communities it serves over the next 10 years.[19] Atrium Health will invest approximately $2.8 billion to improve facilities and fund critical investments.[20]

On August 18, 2021, the system was renamed Atrium Health Wake Forest Baptist. [21]

Navicent HealthEdit

On February 8, 2018, Atrium Health and Navicent Health of Macon, Georgia announced a partnership.[22]

On December 19, 2018, leaders from Atrium Health and Navicent Health signed the definitive agreement that commits to the organizations’ strategic combination. The agreement was effective January 1, 2019, making Navicent Health the central and south Georgia hub for the Atrium Health network.[23]

On January 29, 2021, the system was renamed Atrium Health Navicent. [24]

Floyd Health SystemEdit

On November 5, 2019, Atrium Health and Floyd Health System (Floyd) announced that the organizations signed a letter of intent to combine.[25] The agreement was finalized on July 14, 2021. "Atrium Health has pledged to invest $650 million in capital" into Floyd Health System over the next 10 years. [26]

On October 28, 2021, the system was renamed Atrium Health Floyd. [27]


  • On June 9, 2016, it was reported that the U.S. Justice Department and the N.C. Attorney General's office filed a federal antitrust lawsuit against Carolinas HealthCare System, alleging the chain illegally reduces competition in the local health care market.[28] Atrium Health settled the lawsuit with the Antitrust Division of the U.S. Department of Justice on November 15, 2018. The settlement included injunctive terms restricting Atrium's ability to add provisions to its contracts that would be considered anticompetitive.[1]
  • On July 3, 2017 it was reported that Carolina's Healthcare System (CHS) had agreed to pay a $6.5 million False Claims Act settlement to settle charges over its billing practices brought by a whistle blower, U.S. Attorney Jill Rose said Friday. Prosecutors contended the Charlotte-based hospital system had been improperly “up-coding” claims for urine drug tests in order to receive much higher payments than CHS would have if billed properly. CHS contended that two separate consultants had reviewed its practices and had confirmed its coding selection amid “complex and constantly changing billing guidelines.” After two years into the process, CHS said it was in the system's best interest to resolve the charges.[29]

External linksEdit


  1. ^ "Specialty Care Services". Atrium Health. Retrieved 2020-11-25.
  2. ^ Charlene Butterfield and Liz Sweeney (19 April 2013). "Charlotte-Mecklenburg Hospital Authority (Carolinas HealthCare System), North Carolina; Joint Criteria; System" (PDF). Standard & Poor's. Retrieved 11 March 2015.
  3. ^ Alexander, Ames (16 June 2012). "Officials: Taxpayers need say on CHS". The Charlotte Observer. Retrieved 12 March 2015.
  4. ^ "Atrium Health's Carolinas Medical Center: Where it All Began". Atrium Health. Retrieved 2020-09-29.
  5. ^ "Atrium Health and Wake Forest Baptist Health Combine, Create Next-Generation Academic Health System". Atrium Health. Retrieved 2020-10-13.
  6. ^ Walker, Doug; Bailey, John (2021-07-14). "Merger between Floyd Health System and North Carolina-based Atrium Healthcare finalize". Rome News-Tribune. Retrieved 2021-11-19.
  7. ^ "Levine Children's selected as one of 30 sites worldwide to open remdesivir clinical trial". Retrieved 2020-07-31.
  8. ^ WBTV Charlotte. "Vaccine research registry opens in Charlotte". Retrieved 2020-09-29.
  9. ^ "Urgent Care Locations & Hours". Retrieved 2018-02-07.
  10. ^ "Atrium Health and Wake Forest Baptist Health Combine, Create Next-Generation Academic Health System". Atrium Health. Retrieved 2020-10-19.
  11. ^ Observer, Hannah Smoot | The Charlotte. "Atrium, Wake Forest Baptist officially combine, paving way for Charlotte med school". Retrieved 2020-10-19.
  12. ^ "Mercy School of Nursing". Retrieved 2021-07-14.
  13. ^ "Atrium Health Medical Education". Retrieved 2021-07-14.
  14. ^ "Francis Robicsek, MD, PhD: a conversation with the editor ∗". American Journal of Cardiology. 85 (11): 1340–1356. 2000-06-01. doi:10.1016/S0002-9149(00)00880-8. ISSN 0002-9149. PMID 10831952.
  15. ^ "Dr. Francis Robicsek, surgeon and humanitarian, dies at 94".
  16. ^ "Francis Robicsek, Obituary - Charlotte, NC". Dignity Memorial. Retrieved 2020-04-16.
  17. ^ Smoot, Hannah (October 9, 2020). "Atrium, Wake Forest Baptist officially combine, paving way for Charlotte med school". The Charlotte Observer.
  18. ^ "Atrium Health, Wake Forest Baptist Health and Wake Forest University Announce Intent to Create Transformative Academic Healthcare System". Atrium Health. Retrieved 2020-10-19.
  19. ^ "Atrium Health Announces $3.4 Billion in Investments Into Wake Forest Baptist Health and its Communities". Atrium Health. Retrieved 2020-10-28.
  20. ^ Finnegan, Daniel (October 23, 2020). "Atrium Health to invest $3.4 billion in Wake Forest Baptist Health, including $2.8B in new facilities". Triad Business Journal. Retrieved 2020-10-28.
  21. ^ "Wake Forest Baptist Health is Now Atrium Health Wake Forest Baptist". Atrium Health. Retrieved 2021-11-17.
  22. ^ "Atrium Health and Navicent Health Announce Plans to Form Strategic Combination to Serve Communities in Central and South Georgia". Atrium Health. Retrieved 2020-10-19.
  23. ^ "Atrium Health and Navicent Health to complete combination Jan. 1". Modern Healthcare. 2018-12-20. Retrieved 2020-10-19.
  24. ^ "Navicent Health Announces New Brand Identity: Atrium Health Navicent". Atrium Health. Retrieved 2021-11-17.
  25. ^ "Floyd Health System and Atrium Health to Join in Strategic Combination". Atrium Health. Retrieved 2020-10-19.
  26. ^ "Merger between Floyd Health System and Atrium Health finalized". Northwest Georgia News. Retrieved 2021-07-14.
  27. ^ "Floyd is Now Atrium Health Floyd". Atrium Health. Retrieved 2021-11-17.
  28. ^ "State and feds say Carolinas HealthCare drove up costs by curbing competition". Charlotte Observer.
  29. ^ "Carolinas HealthCare to pay $6.5 million settlement over urine tests". Charlotte Observer.