Atlas is a bronze statue in front of Rockefeller Center within the International Building's courtyard in midtown Manhattan, New York City, across Fifth Avenue from St. Patrick's Cathedral. The sculpture depicts the Ancient Greek Titan Atlas holding the heavens.
|Dimensions||14 m (45 ft)|
|Location||New York, New York, United States|
Atlas was installed in 1937 and created by the sculptor Lee Lawrie with the help of Rene Paul Chambellan. The sculpture is in the Art Deco style, as is the entire Rockefeller Center. The Atlas statue in the sculpture is 15 feet (4.6 m) tall, while the entire statue is 45 feet (14 m) tall. It weighs 7 short tons (6,400 kg), and is the largest sculpture at Rockefeller Center.
Atlas is depicted carrying the celestial vault on his shoulders. The North-South axis of the armillary sphere on his shoulders points towards the North Star's position relative to from New York City. The statue stands on one muscular leg atop a small stone pedestal, whose corner faces Fifth Avenue.
When Atlas was unveiled in 1937, some people protested, claiming that it looked like Italian dictator Benito Mussolini. Later, painter James Montgomery Flagg said that Atlas "looks too much as Mussolini thinks he looks". The piece has since been appropriated as a symbol of the Objectivist movement and has been associated with Ayn Rand's novel Atlas Shrugged (1957).
It has been featured in almost every episode of the television series 30 Rock, appearing in numerous establishing shots depicting the 30 Rockefeller Plaza building, where the series is set. Most Rainforest Cafe locations have a statue resembling this one in a waterfall with a fountain, with the words "Rescue the Rainforest" in green neon letters across the equator of the globe.
- Krinsky, Carol H. (1978). Rockefeller Center. Oxford University Press. p. 151. ISBN 978-0-19-502404-3.
- "New Sculpture Shown". The New York Times. 1937-09-12. Retrieved 2017-11-21.
- Roussel, Christine (May 17, 2006). The Art of Rockefeller Center. New York: W.W. Norton & Company. p. 113. ISBN 978-0-3930-6082-9.
- "Examples of Art Deco in New York City". Archived from the original on 2010-01-08.
- "Atlas sculpture by Lee Lawrie". Archived from the original on 2010-08-26.
- Dunlap, David W. (2008-05-04). "Bringing a Smile (Well, a Shine) to a Burdened Statue of Atlas". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-04-25.
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- Adams, Janet (1985). "Rockefeller Center Designation Report" (PDF). City of New York; New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission. p. 151.
- "Art: Rockefeller Atlas". Time. 1937-01-11. Retrieved 2010-04-25.
- Dianne L. Durante. Outdoor monuments of Manhattan: a historical guide. p. 141.
- "History of Atlas Shrugged". Ayn Rand Institute. Archived from the original on February 10, 2014. Retrieved January 14, 2013.
- "Rainforest Cafe". Retrieved 2016-04-03.