Athanasios Kafkalides

Dr. Athanassios Kafkalides was a Greek neuropsychiatrist. He was born in 1919 and he died in 1989 while in Athens. He graduated in medicine from the University of Athens and took post-graduate courses in neurology, experimental neurophysiology, neurosurgery and psychiatry at the Prince of Wales General Hospital, the Institute of Neurology in London, the Serafimer Lazarettet and the Karolinska Institutet in Stockholm, and the Eginition Hospital in Athens. From 1960 to 1987 he devoted a great deal of time to clinical research into the field of psychedelic psychotherapy, using drugs such as LSD,[1][2][3] psilocybin and ketamine. At the IV World Congress of Psychiatry in Madrid, in 1966, he delivered a paper on the subject of intrauterine life, pioneering the field of pre- and perinatal psychology.[4][5][6][7][8][9][10] He delivered further papers on intrauterine experiences and their repercussions[2] at the VI International Congress of Psychotherapy (Wiesbaden, 1967), the Panhellenic Congress of Psychiatry in Salonica (1972), Athens (in 1975), and at the Congress of Preventive Psychiatry (Athens, 1979).

He was invited to Cyprus by the Pancypriot Society of Mental Health to give a series of lectures on experiences during intrauterine life and their effects on everyday life [1980]. In 1983-1984 he was invited to Australia, where he gave a series of lectures on his clinical research with ketamine. He has published several papers on LSD and its psychotherapeutic application in Annales Medico-psychologiques de Paris (1963),[1] in Exerpta Medica (1968),[2] and in Proceedings of the IV World Congress of Psychiatry, Madrid (1966).

His two major works, The Knowledge of the Womb,[11][12][13] and The Power of the Womb, were first published in Greece in 1980 and 1987.

His work on prenatal and perinatal psychology resonates with the work of his contemporaries like Stanislav Grof, who arrived at similar conclusions[14][15] regarding how early fetal and neonatal experiences affect the human psyche and how psychedelic psychotherapy can help access those states.


  1. ^ a b Kafkalides, Athanassios (1963). "Application thérapeutique de la diéthylamide de l'acide d-lysergique (Delyside ou LSD-25) sur les psychonévroses". Annales médico-psychologiques. 2: 191–200.
  2. ^ a b c Kafkalidis, Athanasios (1966). "A Case of Homosexuality Treated with LSD 25". Excerpta Medica. International Congress Series 117: 246.
  3. ^ Auhagen-Stephanos, Ute (2010). Damit mein Baby bleibt: Zwiesprache mit dem Embryo von Anfang an [So that my baby stays: dialogue with the embryo from the start] (in German). Kösel-Verlag. p. 70.
  4. ^ Galati, Anna (1996). ""A Time to Be Reborn" – A Case Report" (PDF). Int. J. Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology and Medicine. 8: 21–26.
  5. ^ Janus, L. (1991). "Die frühe Ich-Entwicklung im Spiegel der LSD-Psychotherapie von Athanassios Kafkalides" [The early development of the ego as reflected in the LSD psychotherapy of Athanassios Kafkalides]. (Zeitschrift für Individualpsychologie 16: 111-124.). Archived from the original on 2021-10-21. Retrieved 2021-10-21.
  6. ^ Kafkalides, Zephyros (2000). "Knowledge as an emotional and intellectual realization of the unconscious. Gnosiology, Psychedelic Drugs and Prenatal Experiences*". Neuro Endocrinology Letters. 21 (4): 326–331. ISSN 0172-780X. PMID 11455368.
  7. ^ "Η επιστροφή του Θάνου Καυκαλίδη". Η Εφημερίδα των Συντακτών (in Greek). Retrieved 2021-10-21.
  8. ^ Evertz, Klaus; Janus, Ludwig; Linder, Rupert (2020-10-27). Handbook of Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology: Integrating Research and Practice. Springer Nature. ISBN 978-3-030-41716-1.
  9. ^ Janus, Ludwig (2001). The Enduring Effects of Prenatal Experiencing, Echoes from the Womb (PDF). Translated by Dowling, Terence. Germany: Mattes Verlag Heidelberg. pp. 82, 87, 114–5, 248. ISBN 3-930978-52-0.
  10. ^ El Halawany, Ramez (15 August 1976). "LSD Psychotherapy and the foetus". The Egyptian Gazette.
  11. ^ Ευδόκας, Τάκης (1980). "Η ποιότητα της ενδομήτριας ζωής σε σχέση με την υπόλοιπη ζωή μας". Διαβάζω (36): 61.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: date and year (link) [The quality of intrauterine life in relation to the rest of our lives] (review by the Cypriot psychiatrist Takis Eudokas in Diavazo magazine)
  12. ^ "ISSPM recommended bibliography". 30 June 2017. Archived from the original on 2021-03-02. Retrieved 2021-10-21.
  13. ^ "Psycholytic and Psychedelic Therapy Research : - PDF Free Download". Retrieved 2021-10-22.
  14. ^ Christodoulou, Vassilis (2018-10-01). Body Psychotherapy: Healing Trauma in The Eternal Present of Now (in Greek). Hakabooks. ISBN 978-84-18575-00-6.
  15. ^ Janus, Ludwig. "Überlegungen zum Zusammenspiel von vorgeburtlichen und nachgeburtlichen Erfahrungen" (PDF). p. 8. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2021-10-21.

Selected bibliographyEdit

  • Kafkalides A. (1963). Application thérapeutique de la diéthylamide de l'acide d-lysergique (Delyside ou LSD-25) sur les psychonévroses, Annales médico-psychologiques, Paris, t. 2, 121e année, no 2, pp. 191– 200.
  • Kafkalides A.(1966). A Case of homosexuality treated with LSD-25. Proceedings of the IV World Congress of Psychiatry, Madrid.
  • Kafkalides A.(1966). Intra-uterine security: The cause of the Oedipus and Electra Complexes in two cases treated with LSD25. paper presented at the International Congress of Psychotherapy, Wiesbaden.- see The International Journal of Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology and Medicine, V. 8, No 4, p. 427-431, December 1996.
  • Kafkalides A. (1975). Causes of Sexual Conflicts - Effects on Behavior, communiqué at the VII Panhellenic Congress of Psychiatry, Athens.
  • Kafkalides A. (1980). Η Γνώση της Μήτρας. Η Αυτοψυχογνωσία με Ψυχοδηλωτικά φάρμακα. Ολκός.
  • Kafkalides A. (1983). The rejecting womb, Lecture given at the University of New South Wales, Sydney, December 1983.
  • Kafkalides A. (1987). Η Δύναμη της Μήτρας και η «Υποκειμενική Αλήθεια». Ελεύθερος Τύπος.
  • Kafkalides A. (1989). Αυτοψυχογνωσία. Εκδόσεις Οδυσσέας.
  • Kafkalides A. (1998). The Power of the Womb and the “Subjective Truth”, Triklino House.
  • Kafkalides A. (2005). The Knowledge of the Womb, Autopsychognosia with Psychedelic Drugs, Authorhouse, USA. ISBN 978-1418484415

External linksEdit