Atago-class destroyer

The Atago class of guided missile destroyers (あたご型護衛艦, Atago-gata Goeikan) in the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force is a modified version of the Kongō class equipped with the Aegis Combat System.[2][4]

JS Atago(DDG-177) left front view at JMSDF Maizuru Naval Base April 13, 2019 04.jpg
JS Atago in 2019
Class overview
Name: Atago class
Builders: Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
Operators:  Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force
Preceded by: Kongō class
Succeeded by: Maya class
Cost:
  • ¥140 billion[1]
  • $1.48 billion (constant 2009 USD)
Built: 2004–2008
In commission: 2007–
Completed: 2
Active: 2
General characteristics
Type: Guided missile destroyer
Displacement:
  • 7,700 tons standard
  • 10,000 tons full load[2]
Length: 165.0 m (541 ft 4 in)[2][3]
Beam: 21.0 m (68 ft 11 in)[2]
Draft: 6.1 m (20 ft 0 in)[2]
Propulsion:
Speed: 30 knots (56 km/h)
Boats & landing
craft carried:
Complement: 300
Sensors and
processing systems:
  • AN/SPY-1D(V) multi-function radar
  • OPS-28E surface search radar
    (later replaced by SPQ-9B)
  • 3 × AN/SPG-62 illuminators
  • AN/SQQ-89 with SQS-53C and OQR-2 (later replaced by SQR-20)
  • Mk. 46 Optronic director
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
Armament:
Aircraft carried: 1 × SH-60K helicopter (not loaded usually)
Aviation facilities: Flight deck and enclosed hangar for one helicopter

BackgroundEdit

The Maritime Self-Defense Force (MSDF) began construction of the Aegis-equipped Kongō class in FY1988 as the core ship for air defense of its fleet. With the commission of the Kongo class, each of the four escort flotillas (護衛隊群, Goei-tai-gun) had one Tartar-equipped destroyer and one Aegis-equipped destroyer.[4]

In the 2000s, the steam-powered Tachikaze-class destroyers were nearing the end of their life, and their Tartar Weapon Systems were becoming obsolete. As their replacements, two Aegis-equipped destroyers, Atago class, were built in the FY2002 and 2003 budget.[4]

DesignEdit

 
JS Kongō with JS Ashigara while under construction at Mitsubishi in Nagasaki.

The design is fundamentally an improved and scaled-up version of the Kongō-class destroyers with a 4-meter extension of the hull. Just as the Kongō class, the superstructure is larger than aboard the American counterparts, Arleigh Burke-class Flight IIA.[5]

One of the most obvious changes is an additional hangar to carry one SH-60K helicopter. In comparison to the Kongō class which only had a helicopter deck, these ships have better helicopter handling facilities.[5]

Another external feature is the reduction of the radar cross-sectional area. For example, the Atago class use a new stealthier plain-structure mast, which was originally designed in Japan, rather than familiar sturdy truss mast. A new modified smokestack and other improvements were also introduced to make the Atagos stealthier.[5]

The propulsion systems are almost the same as those of the Kongō class and Arleigh Burke class, powered by four Ishikawajima-Harima LM2500 gas turbines giving them a top speed of 30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph).[2] The installation of three generators is also retained, but the output per unit is increased to 2,800 kilowatts.[5]

EquipmentEdit

The class is equipped with the Aegis Weapon System (AWS). The system version was Baseline 7.1 immediately after they were put into service; then both ships have been updated to Baseline 9C with modernization.[6]

As surface-to-air missiles, The SM-2MR Block IIIA/B has been used. Since FY 2016, they have also been equipped with a missile defense capability with an Aegis BMD 5.0CU system to launch SM-3 Block IA and IB anti-ballistic missiles.[6]

The missile launcher is the same Mark 41 Vertical Launching System as the Kongo class, but the missile reloading crane has been omitted, so the number of missile cells is increased by 3 cells each on the bow and stern sides. The Kongo class had 29 cells on the foredeck and 61 cells on the afterdeck, but the Atago class has a hangar, so 64 cells are placed on the foredeck and 32 cells on the afterdeck.[6]

These cells contain not only SM-2 and SM-3, but also VL-ASROCs.[2] Additionally, they are equipped with HOS-302, one of the Japanese variant of the Mark 32 Surface Vessel Torpedo Tubes, as anti-submarine weapons.[6] While the Kongō class is equipped with domestic sonar and ASW combat system, the Atago class is equipped with American-made AN/SQQ-89(V)15 with AN/SQS-53C sonar. Only the towing sonar was a domestic OQR-2D-1, which was later replaced with an American-made SQR-20 Multi-Function Towed Array (MFTA).[6]

The 127mm bore gun's barrel has been extended from the 54 caliber of the Kongō class to the 62 caliber with strengthened powder charge enabling a 38 km (24 mi) firing range. As with other Japanese ships being refit, the American-made Harpoon missiles (such as in the initial configuration of the Kongō class) can be replaced with the Japanese-made Type 90 (SSM-1B) surface-to-surface missiles; those interfaces are compatible.[6]

Ships in the classEdit

Building No. Pennant No. Name Laid down Launched Commissioned Home port
2317 DDG-177 Atago 5 April 2004 24 August 2005 15 March 2007 Maizuru
2318 DDG-178 Ashigara 6 April 2005 30 August 2006 13 March 2008 Sasebo

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Aegis-equipped warship Ashigara launched". Japan Times Online. 31 August 2006. Retrieved 14 April 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Wertheim 2013, pp. 362–63.
  3. ^ "護衛艦「あたご」型 DDG"ATAGO"Class 177「あたご」". Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force. Retrieved 11 September 2013.
  4. ^ a b c Yamazaki 2014.
  5. ^ a b c d Kaijin-sha 2020, pp. 82–91.
  6. ^ a b c d e f Kaijin-sha 2020, pp. 92–9.

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit