Asalha Puja (known as Asanha Bucha in Thailand, Thai: อาสาฬหบูชา) is a Theravada Buddhist festival which typically takes place in July, on the full moon of the sixth lunar month (the full moon of Cancer). It is celebrated in Cambodia, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Laos, Myanmar and in countries with Theravada Buddhist populations. Asalha Puja, also known as Dhamma Day, is one of Theravada Buddhism’s most important festivals, celebrating as it does the Buddha’s first sermon in which he set out to his five former associates the doctrine that had come to him following his enlightenment. This first pivotal sermon, often referred to as “setting into motion the wheel of dhamma,” is the teaching which is encapsulated for Buddhists in the four noble truths: there is suffering (dukkha); suffering is caused by craving (tanha); there is a state (nibbana) beyond suffering and craving; and finally, the way to nirvana is via the eightfold path. All the various schools and traditions of Buddhism revolve around the central doctrine of the four noble truths.
The sermon in the Deer Park as depicted at Wat Chedi Liam, Thailand
|Also called||Dharma Day
Esala Poya (in Sri Lanka)
Dhammasekya Day (in Burma)
|Observed by||Theravada Buddhists, especially Cambodians, Lao, Burmese, Sri Lankans and Thais|
|Date||Full moon day of the 6th lunar month|
|2016 date||July 19|
|2017 date||July 9|
|2018 date||July 27|
|Related to||Esala Mangallaya and Kandy Esala Perahera, which are held as part of Asalha Puja celebrations in Sri Lanka
Chokor Duchen Festival (in Tibet) Drukpa Tshe Zhi (in Bhutan)
This first sermon is not only the first structured discourse given by the Buddha after his enlightenment, it also contains the essence of all his subsequent teaching. At the end of the talk, one of the five participants recounted his understanding of what had been said and asked to be received as a disciple, a request the Buddha granted, thus establishing the first order of monks.
The day is observed by donating offerings to temples and listening to sermons. The following day is known in Thailand as Thai: วันเข้าพรรษา Wan Khao Phansa; it is the first day of Thai: พรรษา vassa, the Theravada rains retreat.
In Indonesia, this festival is centered at Mendut Temple, near Borobudur.
- Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta - The Buddha's first discourse
- Wan Asana Bucha and Wan Khao Pansa in Thailand
- Holidays of the Royal Thai Embassy in Washington DC
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