Thadingyut Festival

The Thadingyut Festival (Burmese: သီတင်းကျွတ်ပွဲတော်), also known as the Lighting Festival of Myanmar, is held on the full moon day of the Burmese lunar month of Thadingyut. As a custom, it is held at the end of the Buddhist sabbath (Vassa) and is the second most popular festival in Myanmar after Thingyan Festival (New Year Water Festival). Thadingyut festival is the celebration to welcome the Buddha’s descent from the heaven after he preached the Abhidhamma to his mother, Maya, who was reborn in the heaven.[1]

Thadingyut Festival
သီတင်းကျွတ်ပွဲတော်
Lighting Festival.jpg
Also calledLighting Festival
Observed byMyanmar
TypeBuddhist
DateFull moon day of Thadingyut
Related toVap Full Moon Poya (in Sri Lanka)
Wan Ok Phansa (in Thailand)
Boun Suang Huea (in Laos) Lhabab Duchen (in Tibet and Bhutan)

OriginsEdit

Thadingyut, the seventh month of the Myanmar calendar, is the end of the Buddhist sabbath or Vassa. Thadingyut festival lasts for three days: the day before the full moon day, the full moon day (when Buddha descends from heaven) and the day after the full moon day. Buddha's mother, Maya, died seven days after the Buddha was born and then she was reborn in the Trayastrimsa Heaven as a male deva.[2]

In order to show the gratitude for motherhood, Buddha preached Abhidhamma to that deva who was his mother for three Lenten months. When he was descending back to the mortal world, Sakra-devanam-indra, the ruler of the Trayastrimsa Heaven, ordered all the saints and evils to make three precious stairways.[3] Those stairways were made of gold, silver and ruby. The Buddha took the middle one with the ruby. The Nats (Deva) came along by the right golden stairways and the Brahmas from the left silver stairways.

CelebrationsEdit

Buddhists celebrate Thadingyut to welcome the Buddha and his disciples by enlightening and festooning the streets, houses and public buildings with colored electric bulbs or candles, which represent those three stairways.[4] During Thadingyut Festival, there are zat pwes (Myanmar musical plays), free movie shows and stage shows on most of the streets around the country. There are also a lot of food stalls, which sell a variety of Myanmar traditional foods and shops, which sell toys, kitchen utensils, and other useful stuff on most of the streets. Sometime people just walk around in those streets just for sightseeing and have fun. Some people like to play with firecrackers and fire balloons.

During the festival days, Buddhists usually go to pagodas and monasteries to pay homage to Triple Gems, paying respect to the monks and offer foods. And some Buddhists usually fast on the full moon day. Young people usually pay respect (gadaw) to their parents, teachers, and elderly relative and offer them some fruits and other gifts. Also while paying homage the younger people usually ask for forgiveness from the wrong-doings they have caused upon their parents or the other elderly relatives throughout the year. Traditionally the elders tell their youngsters that they forgive any of their wrongdoings and continue to bless them with good luck and gift some big notes as pocket money. It is also usual for younger siblings to pay homage to their older siblings. In return, the elder ones wish good luck for them and give them some pocket money.[5]

Regional traditionsEdit

  • Dawei - Dawei locals hold a thabeik hmyaw pwe (သပိတ်မျှောပွဲ), in which alms bowls filled with offertories (e.g., flowers, water, oil lamps, candles and joss-sticks) are set adrift at sea to Shin Upagutta.[6]
  • Shwegyin - Shwegyin locals hold a mi hmyaw pwe (မီးမျှောပွဲ), in which colorful oil lanterns are set adrift into the Shwegyin River to Shin Upagutta.[6] The tradition dates back to the Konbaung dynasty, established in 1851 (BE 1375).[7]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Thadingyut Lighting Festival | Ye Lwin Oo . Com". Yelwinoo.com. Retrieved 2014-03-05.
  2. ^ Shaw, M. (2006). Buddhist Goddesses of India (pp. 45-46).
  3. ^ "Chapter115 Buddha Preached Doctrine to His Mother-Fascinating Mural Stories from Dunhuang Grottoes". Nwp.cn. Archived from the original on 2014-03-10. Retrieved 2014-03-05.
  4. ^ "Full moon day of Thadingyut (Lighting festival)2012 | Myanmar Upper Land". Word.myanmarupperland.com. 2012-10-30. Retrieved 2014-03-05.
  5. ^ "Thadingyut Festival by Htar Htar Wai | ESL Graduating Class". Elmonteesl.blog.com. 2011-12-01. Archived from the original on 2013-06-27. Retrieved 2014-03-05.
  6. ^ a b Maw Maw Aye (2015). "Preservation of Dawei People's Traditional Customs" (PDF). University of Yangon.
  7. ^ ပိန်းဇလုပ်သိန်းညွန့် (2013-10-22). "ရွှေကျင် သီတင်းကျွတ်မီးမျှောပူဇော်ပွဲ အစဉ်အလာမပျက်ကျင်းပ". Myanmar News Agency (in Burmese).