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Asaba (Igbo: Àhàbà)[3] is a city strategically located on a hill at the western edge of the Niger River, overlooking its sister city, Onitsha, across the Niger Bridge.[4][5][6][7] It is the capital of Delta State Nigeria. A fast developing urban area, Asaba had a population of 149,603 as at the 2006 census,[8] and a metropolitan population of over half a million people.[9][4]

Asaba

Àhàbà

Ahaba
Summit road, Asaba
Summit road, Asaba
Nickname(s): 
Ani Mmili
Asaba is located in Nigeria
Asaba
Asaba
Location in Nigeria f
Coordinates: 6°11′52.23″N 6°43′42.48″E / 6.1978417°N 6.7284667°E / 6.1978417; 6.7284667Coordinates: 6°11′52.23″N 6°43′42.48″E / 6.1978417°N 6.7284667°E / 6.1978417; 6.7284667
Country Nigeria
StateDelta State
LGA(s)Aniocha North, Aniocha South, Oshimili North, Oshimili South. Aniocha-Oshimili constituency
Area
 • Total268 km2 (103 sq mi)
Population
 (2006 census)[2]
 • Total149,603
 • Estimate 
(2011)
176,060[1]
 • Density560/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
ClimateAw
Websiteasaba.com

Contents

EtymologyEdit

Ahaba in Enuani dialect of the great Igbo language is derived from the exclamation Ahabagom, meaning "I have chosen well", a quote from the founding father (Nnebisi) of Asaba.[10][4][5]

HistoryEdit

The city of Asaba was once the colonial capital of the Southern Nigeria Protectorate.[7] It was founded in 1884.[11] Between 1886 and 1900, it hosted the Royal Niger Company, which the British authorities set up to stimulate trade and the exportation of goods to England.[7] That company has grown today into UAC Nigeria PLC. Scottish explorer William B. Balkie, when signing a trade treaty with Igbo chief Ezebogo in Asaba on August 30, 1885, remarked "After our salutations, I spoke of friendship, of trade, and of education, and particularly enlarged upon the evils of war, and the benefits of peace, all of which was well received".[12]:318

Owing to Asaba's influential history and geography, and current strategic political and economic influence in Nigeria, Asaba is generally known as the regional capital of the Anioma area.[13] The clamour for creation of Anioma state has been going on for decades.[13]

GeographyEdit

Asaba is situated on a terrace of the lower Niger River, overlooking the point where the Anambra River flows into it. Beyond the river banks, on the high plains which are far more extensive than the river basins, secondary forest vegetation flourishes.[5] The historic Niger River is a trans-African link beginning from West Africa and down into the Atlantic Ocean.[4] Asaba forms a connector between western, eastern and northern Nigeria through the Niger River from the north and via the Asaba Niger Bridge, an east-west link and a Nigerian landmark.[4]

 
Asaba Niger bridge

Asaba lies approximately 60 degrees north of the equator and about the same distance east of the meridian; about 160 kilometres (100 mi) north of where the River Niger flows into the Atlantic Ocean.[5] The greater Asaba occupies an area of about 300 square kilometers. It maintains an average tropical temperature of 32 °C during the dry season and an average fertile rainfall of 2,700 millimetres (106 in) during the rainy season.

DemographicsEdit

Asaba is traditionally led by the highly revered Asagba of Asaba, to whom the head (“Diokpa”) of each of the five Ebos reports directly into on matters affecting Asaba.[5][4] Greater Asaba includes some of the other neighbouring indigenous Igbo communities—Ogwashi Ukwu, Igbuzo, Okpanam, Ugbolu and Oko —on the western section of the Niger River.

Since becoming the administrative capital of Delta State, Asaba has grown in population to over half a million very hospitable people. Today, it maintains a cosmopolitan population of predominantly non-indigenous people.[4] Some of the other groups in the city include Urhobo, Isoko, Ijaw, Ukwuani, Hausa, Itsekiri and Yoruba people.

EconomyEdit

Asaba is an administrative area established during the time of the Royal Niger Company (now UACN) and is the administrative capital of Delta state. Aniocha-Oshimili people maintain the identity of being Igbo, leading Igbo from east of the Niger river to invest in Delta state, often at Asaba, thus improving the economic fortunes of Asaba area and Delta state in general. The government also contributes to the economic development of Asaba, notably with the Asaba textile factory constructed by Samuel Ogbemudia administration[14] and the power substation at Asaba. The city of Asaba hosts Sure life pharmaceutical company that manufactures medicines. There is also a steel mill in the city and aluminium companies manufacturing aluminum products. The Nigerian Federal Government is also trying to capitalize on the Ubu river in the Ogwashi ukwu area of the African city through the construction of a multipurpose dam; the Muhammadu Buhari government has expressed its intent to complete the dam project before the next administration.[15]

SportEdit

The Stephen Keshi Stadium at Asaba which was facelifted to satisfaction of local fans and numerous others has hosted several international competitions and soccer events since it was upgraded by the administration of Senator doctor Ifeanyi Okowa and commissioned by Nigeria's former president: Olusegun Obasanjo [16] . The stadium is also the home of Deltaforce fc.

TransportEdit

AirEdit

The city of Asaba and neighbouring cities are accessible by air through the Asaba international airport.

RoadEdit

Asaba Benin express road is an important road which connects parts of eastern Nigeria with western Nigeria. There is also a road that connects Asaba areas with Ughelli while the Asaba-Ebu road connects the city of Asaba with northern Nigeria.

 
Ekumeku interchange, Asaba is evidence of a serious developing country

WaterEdit

Asaba is served by the water transportation available through the Niger River which surrounds most parts of the African city.

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Delta (state, Nigeria)". population.de. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  2. ^ "FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF NIGERIA : 2006 Population Census" (PDF). Web.archive.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 March 2012. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  3. ^ Isichei, Elizabeth Allo (1997). A History of African Societies to 1870. Cambridge University Press. p. 249. ISBN 0-521-45599-5. Retrieved December 13, 2008.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "About Asaba". asaba.com/about/. Retrieved April 21, 2016.
  5. ^ a b c d e "Asaba Progressive Union". www.asabaatl.org/about.html. Archived from the original on May 7, 2016. Retrieved April 22, 2016.
  6. ^ Okenwa Nwosu (Igbo Focus) (January 2, 2014). "The Politics of Second Niger Bridge". www.igbofocus.co.uk. Retrieved April 21, 2016.
  7. ^ a b c "Asaba". www.britannica.com. Retrieved April 24, 2016.
  8. ^ "FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF NIGERIA : 2006 Population Census" (PDF). Wayback Machine. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 5, 2012. Retrieved July 25, 2016.
  9. ^ "A History and Tradition". Asaba Online. Asaba Progressive Front. Archived from the original on 2007-09-15. Retrieved June 19, 2007.
  10. ^ "Great Goddess And Shrine Of Asaba People". Leadership. 23 September 2016. Archived from the original on 24 September 2016. Retrieved 4 February 2017.
  11. ^ Letters from Nigeria,D.W. Carnegie,BiblioBazaar, LLC, ISBN 978-1-103-27100-9
  12. ^ BAIKIE, WILLIAM BALEOUR (1856). "Narrative of an Exploring Voyage up the rivers of Kwora and Binue commonly known as Niger and TSADDA in 1885 with a map and appendices". ia600303.us.archive.org. John Mueray, Albemarle Street (Published with a santion of Her Majesty's Government). Retrieved April 24, 2016.
  13. ^ a b "Anioma: Nigeria 37th State in the Making". umuanioma.com. Retrieved April 22, 2016.
  14. ^ "Samuel Osaigbovo Ogbemudia (1932=2017)". Guardian (Nigeria). 24 March 2017. Retrieved February 18, 2018.
  15. ^ "FG to complete 21 other dams, irrigation projects by 2019". TheNation (Nigeria). 11 November 2017. Retrieved March 21, 2018.
  16. ^ "Delta Obasanjo ommissions stephen keshi stadium". Vanguard (Nigeria). November 19, 2018. Retrieved March 31, 2019.
  17. ^ a b c d "Asaba. A long history and Tradition". Asaba Online. 23 August 2009. Retrieved October 11, 2016.

External linksEdit