Arta Mountains

The Arta Mountains, also known as the Great Mountains of Arta (Somali: Buuraha Carta) are a mountain range in Djibouti. They sit at an average elevation of 700 metres (2,300 ft) above sea level, is the tenth highest point in Djibouti. The mountains lie to the south of the Gulf of Tadjoura, in the Arta Region. They are situated approximately 35 kilometres (21 mi) west of the capital Djibouti City, and 69 kilometres (43 mi) by road from Ali Sabieh. The Issa Somali have a long history in the Arta Mountains.

Arta Mountains
Near mountains Arta.png
A view of the Gulf of Tadjoura from Arta.
Highest point
PeakArta
Elevation755 m (2,477 ft)
Coordinates11°31′08″N 42°49′58″E / 11.51889°N 42.83278°E / 11.51889; 42.83278
Dimensions
Length22 km (14 mi)
Width10 km (6.2 mi)
Area205 km2 (79 sq mi)
Naming
NicknameThe Great Mountains of Arta
Native nameBuuraha Carta  (Somali)
Geography
MountainsofArtaRange.jpg
Map of The Mountains of Arta
Country Djibouti
RegionArta Region

HistoryEdit

The first known people that inhabited the mountain are the Issa Somali. The most famous town in the area is the town of Arta. The French people in Djibouti travelled here when Djibouti city is difficult because of the heat in the summer.

ClimateEdit

Elevation is a major factor in temperature levels. Higher areas, on average, are 11 °C (20 °F) cooler, day or night. Overnight lows sometimes necessitate heavy clothes or blankets; particularly in the highlands, when the temperature drops to about 50–54 °F (10–12.2 °C) every night. The Mountains of Arta have a mixture of highland climate zones, with temperature differences of up to 10 °C, depending on elevation and prevailing wind patterns. The range's climate is semi-desert hot during summer and cold in the winter. Its rainy season extends from mid-Jan to mid-April. From November to February, the area experiences the cool winter season. It also heats up with cool winds from June to September.

Climate data for Arta Mountain
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 25.9
(78.7)
26.2
(79.2)
26.9
(80.4)
28.1
(82.6)
29.3
(84.8)
33.4
(92.2)
36.2
(97.1)
35.7
(96.2)
31.7
(89.0)
27.6
(81.6)
26.7
(80.0)
26.3
(79.4)
29.5
(85.1)
Average low °C (°F) 15.9
(60.7)
16.9
(62.5)
18.2
(64.8)
19.8
(67.7)
20.9
(69.6)
23.2
(73.7)
25.6
(78.0)
24.5
(76.1)
23.3
(74.0)
20.1
(68.1)
17.6
(63.6)
16.1
(60.9)
20.2
(68.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 35
(1.4)
27
(1.1)
26
(1.0)
33
(1.3)
16
(0.6)
1
(0.0)
11
(0.4)
20
(0.8)
16
(0.6)
11
(0.4)
45
(1.8)
14
(0.6)
255
(10)
Source: Climate-Data.org, altitude: 755m[1]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Climate: Arta - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 25 September 2013.