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Arsinoe of Macedonia (Greek: Ἀρσινόη; lived 4th century BC) was the mother of Ptolemy I Soter (323 – 283 BC), king of Egypt.

Arsinoe was originally a concubine of Philip II, king of Macedon, and it is said she was given by Philip to Lagus, a Macedonian nobleman, while she was pregnant with Ptolemy I Soter I, but it is possible that this is a later myth fabricated to glorify the Ptolemaic Dynasty.[1] Ptolemy was regarded by the Macedonians as the son of Philip.[2] Alternately, Ptolemy's lineage to the Argead dynasty was shifted to Arsinoe in an attempt to legitimize his claim; in this case Arsinoe is daughter of Meleager, son of Balacrus, son of Amyntas, son of Alexander I of Macedon. However, contemporary and modern research indicates this to be a fabrication.[3][4][5][6][7]


  1. ^ Alexandre le Grand. Librairie Droz. p. 155. ISBN 9782600044141.
  2. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece, i. 6; Curtius Rufus, Historiae Alexandri Magni, ix. 8; Suda, s.v. "Lagos"
  3. ^ Carney, Elizabeth; Ogden, Daniel (2010-06-24). Philip II and Alexander the Great: Father and Son, Lives and Afterlives. Oxford University Press. pp. 127–129. ISBN 9780199745517.
  4. ^ Stephens, Susan (January 2012). "" (PDF). Princeton/ 9.
  5. ^ Carleton, George Washington (1882). Carleton's Condensed Classical Dictionary: Being Brief But Succinct Information Concerning the Prominent Names in Classical History and Mythology, Together with the Most Conspicuous Incidents Associated with Them. G. W. Carleton & Company.
  6. ^ Worthington, Ian (2014-05-02). By the Spear: Philip II, Alexander the Great, and the Rise and Fall of the Macedonian Empire. Oxford University Press. p. 312. ISBN 9780199929870.
  7. ^ Tarn, W. W. (1933). "Two Notes on Ptolemaic History". The Journal of Hellenic Studies. 53 (1): 57–68. doi:10.2307/627247. ISSN 2041-4099.


  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1870). "Arsinoe". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.