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Arkansas Highway 163

Highway 163 (AR 163, Ark. 163, and Hwy. 163) is a north–south state highway in Northeast Arkansas. The highway begins at Wittsburg and runs 42.57 miles (68.51 km) northeast to Highway 1, Highway 1 Business (AR 1B) and Crowley's Ridge Parkway (CRP) in Jonesboro. A spur route runs in Jonesboro. All routes are maintained by the Arkansas Department of Transportation (ArDOT). Almost all of the route is concurrent with Crowley's Ridge Parkway, with a portion also serving as an Arkansas Heritage Trail for its use during the Civil War.

Highway 163 marker

Highway 163
Route information
Maintained by ArDOT
Length 42.57 mi[2] (68.51 km)
Existed July 10, 1957[1] – present
Major junctions
South end CR 739 at Wittsburg
  US 64 / Crowley's Ridge Pkwy. at Levesque
North end AR 1 / AR 1B / Crowley's Ridge Pkwy. in Jonesboro
Location
Counties Craighead, Poinsett, Cross
Highway system
AR 162AR 164

Contents

Route descriptionEdit

Highway 163 runs in Northeast Arkansas, a region mostly characterized by the Arkansas Delta, a sparsely populated rural area with farms and small settlements. However, Highway 163 runs its entire length along Crowley's Ridge, a small loess ridge rising above the flat Delta. The route passes several cultural and historical points in the region, including a historic cotton gin and an American Civil War trail.

State maintenance begins at Wittsburg near the Wittsburg Store and Gas Station, with the roadway continuing south as a county road. Highway 163 runs north to a junction with US 64 and the Crowley's Ridge Parkway (CRP). The routes briefly overlap to the east, with Highway 163/CRP turning north and passing the John H. Johnston Cotton Gin Historic District and the Capt. Isaac N. Deadrick House, both listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Highway 163/CRP run north, serving as the eastern terminus for Highway 364 and meeting Highway 42 near Birdeye.[3] After crossing into Poinsett County, the routes serve as the southern terminus of Highway 373 before passing Lake Poinsett State Park. Highway 163/CRP intersect Highway 14 east of Harrisburg, including a brief overlap. Continuing north, Highway 163/CRP intersect Highway 214, Highway 158, and Highway 69 before entering Craighead County.[4]

Highway 163 has a junction with Highway 158 in southern Craighead County before turning northwest toward Jonesboro. Shortly after entering the city, Highway 163 Spur begins at the parent route, running north as Apt Drive through a residential subdivision. Highway 163 continues west, intersecting with Highway 1, where it terminates, with the roadway continuing north as Highway 1B.[5]

HistoryEdit

Between Jonesboro and US 64, Highway 163 is designated as an Arkansas Heritage Trail. During the Civil War, Union General John Wynn Davidson used the route to march cavalry from southeast Missouri down Crowley's Ridge, following a rumor Confederate General Sterling Price's army was planning to attack Missouri via Crowley's Ridge. After marching and finding no Confederates, General Davidson headed west and started the Little Rock Campaign in 1863.

The route was established by the Arkansas State Highway Commission (ASHC) on July 10, 1957, beginning at the Poinsett County line and running south through Birdeye to a county road.[1] The southern terminus was extended south by 2.1 miles (3.4 km) on September 17, 1958.[6] The route was created in accordance with Act 148 of the 1957 General Assembly. It was extended south to Levesque on June 29, 1960.[7] A second segment was created from Lake Poinsett State Park to Harrisburg on June 23, 1965,[8] though the gap between the routes was closed four months later.[9] The route was extended north to Jonesboro on July 29, 1976; the same order created the spur route.[10]

On June 30, 1983, the route was extended south from Levesque to Wittsburg, along the original 1926 alignment of Highway 163. The extension was made in exchange for decommissioning a segment of Highway 364 at the request of the county judge of Cross County.[11]

Major intersetionsEdit

Mile markers reset at some concurrencies.

CountyLocationmi[2]kmDestinationsNotes
CrossWittsburg0.000.00Begin state maintenance at   CR 739Southern terminus
Levesque2.20–
0.00
3.54–
0.00
   US 64 / Crowley's Ridge Pkwy. south – Parkin, West Memphis, WynneBegin CRP overlap
6.9111.12  AR 364 west – VanndaleAR 364 eastern terminus
Birdeye9.0114.50  AR 42 – Cherry Valley, Birdeye
Poinsett15.5525.03  AR 373 north – Marked TreeAR 373 southern terminus
Lake Poinsett State Park20.8333.52AR 600 east – Lake Poinsett State ParkAR 600 western terminus
23.22–
0.00
37.37–
0.00
  AR 14 – Marked Tree, Harrisburg
4.917.90  AR 214 east – Judd HillAR 214 western terminus
8.0112.89  AR 158 westAR 158 eastern terminus
10.0816.22  AR 69 east – TrumannAR 69 western terminus
Craighead15.0324.19  AR 158 east
Jonesboro16.9427.26  AR 163S north (Apt Drive)AR 163 southern terminus
17.1527.60    AR 1 (Stadium Boulevard) / AR 1B north (Harrisburg Road) / Crowley's Ridge Pkwy. north – Harrisburg, ParagouldNorthern terminus, AR 1B southern terminus, end CRP overlap
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Jonesboro spurEdit

 

Apt Drive
Location Jonesboro
Length 0.40 mi[2] (0.64 km)
Existed July 29, 1976[10]–present

Highway 163 Spur (AR 163S, Ark. 163S, Hwy. 163S, and Apt Drive) is a 0.40-mile (0.64 km) spur route in Jonesboro.

Major intersections

The entire route is in Jonesboro, Craighead County.

mi[2]kmDestinationsNotes
0.000.00  AR 163 – Jonesboro, HarrisburgSouthern terminus
0.400.64  AR 1 (Stadium Boulevard) – Jonesboro, HarrisburgNorthern terminus
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Former routeEdit

 

State Road 163
Location WittsburgLevesque
Length 2.2 mi[13] (3.5 km)
Existed May 28, 1942[a]c. 1945[12]

State Road 163 (AR 163, Ark. 163, and Hwy. 163) is a former state highway of 2.2 miles (3.5 km) in Cross County, Arkansas. The route began at Wittsburg and ran north to US 64 at Levesque.

History

Highway 163 was created on May 28, 1942.[13] However, the route does not appear on the next statewide map in 1945[12] nor the Cross County map in 1947.[14]

Major intersections

The entire route was in Cross County.

LocationmikmDestinationsNotes
Wittsburg0.00.0End state maintenanceSouthern terminus
Levesque2.23.5  US 64Northern terminus
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Map note: Number Assigned May 28, 1942
    Rt-163-S-1[13]

ReferencesEdit

Route map:

KML is from Wikidata
  1. ^ a b "Minutes" & 1953–69, p. 1782.
  2. ^ a b c d System Information and Research Division (2014). "Arkansas Road Log Database" (MDB). Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department. Retrieved March 27, 2016.
  3. ^ Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department (October 2, 2014). General Highway Map, Cross County, Arkansas (PDF) (Map). 1:62500. Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department. Retrieved December 19, 2017.
  4. ^ Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department (March 21, 2016). General Highway Map, Poinsett County, Arkansas (PDF) (Map). 1:62500. Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department. Retrieved December 19, 2017.
  5. ^ Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department (August 30, 2016). General Highway Map, Craighead County, Arkansas (PDF) (Map). 1:62500. Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department. Retrieved December 19, 2017.
  6. ^ "Minutes" & 1953–69, p. 1678.
  7. ^ "Minutes" & 1953–69, p. 1358.
  8. ^ "Minutes" & 1953–69, p. 674-676.
  9. ^ "Minutes" & 1953–69, p. 739.
  10. ^ a b "Minutes of the Meeting" (PDF). Arkansas State Highway Commission. 1970–1979. p. 684. Retrieved December 4, 2016.
  11. ^ "Minutes of the Meeting" (PDF). Arkansas State Highway Commission. 1980–1989. p. 353. Retrieved December 4, 2016.
  12. ^ a b Arkansas State Highway Commission (1945). Map of the State Highway System of Arkansas (TIFF) (Map). Little Rock: Arkansas State Highway Commission. Retrieved December 11, 2017.
  13. ^ a b c Arkansas State Highway Commission (1936). General Highway and Transportation Map, Cross County, Arkansas (TIFF) (Map). 1:62,500. Little Rock: Arkansas State Highway Commission. Retrieved December 11, 2017.
  14. ^ Arkansas State Highway Commission (May 10, 1947) [1935]. General Highway and Transportation Map, Cross County, Arkansas (TIFF) (Revised). 1:62,500. Little Rock: Arkansas State Highway Commission. Retrieved December 11, 2017.