Arfon (UK Parliament constituency)
Arfon is a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (at Westminster). Although the constituency is relatively large by geographical area, it is a predominantly urban rather than rural seat, with the majority of the population living in the two towns on which the constituency is based, Bangor and Caernarfon. "Arfon" is a historical name for the area, meaning "facing Anglesey"; it is also the name of the former district council. This seat was created by the Welsh Boundary Commission in time for the 2010 general election, and replaced the old seat of Caernarfon. Bangor was in the old seat of Conwy. The same boundaries were used for the Arfon Welsh Assembly constituency in the 2007 Welsh Assembly election.
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Arfon in Wales for the 2010 general election
|Electorate||39,349 (December 2018)|
|Major settlements||Bangor, Caernarfon, Bethesda|
|Member of Parliament||vacant|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Caernarfon and Conwy|
|Welsh Assembly||Arfon, North Wales|
|European Parliament constituency||Wales|
It is the smallest constituency on the mainland of Great Britain by electorate, and larger only than the two Scottish island constituencies, Na h-Eileanan an Iar and Orkney and Shetland. The total population as of the 2011 census was 60,573.
The Arfon division of Caernarvonshire was a former UK Parliament constituency, which existed from 1885 until 1918. Before 1885 and after 1918 the area was part of the Caernarvonshire constituency. The Liberal MP William Rathbone represented the Arfon seat until 1895, followed by fellow Liberal William Jones. Upon the death of Mr Jones, Griffith C. Rees, for the Liberal Party, was elected unopposed at the subsequent by-election.
- 1 Boundaries
- 2 Electoral history (current constituency)
- 3 Members of Parliament
- 4 Elections
- 5 See also
- 6 Notes and references
- 7 External links
- 8 Further reading
When first created in 1885, the constituency was defined as the Petty Sessional Divisions of Bangor, Conway and Nant-Conway, with the Parishes of Llanddeinilen and Llanberis (which were within the Carnarvon Petty Sessional Division). The constituency included the boroughs of Bangor and Conway which were part of the Carnarvon District of Boroughs constituency; only those who owned freehold land within the boroughs could vote in elections for the Arfon constituency as a second vote.
The new constituency was a merger of northern Caernarfon and western Conwy. The electoral wards used to create the current constituency are entirely within the preserved county of Gwynedd; They are Arllechwedd, Bethel, Bontnewydd, Cadnant, Cwm-y-Glo, Deiniol, Deiniolen, Dewi, Garth, Gerlan, Glyder, Groeslon, Hendre, Hirael, Llanberis, Llanllyfni, Llanrug, Llanwnda, Marchog, Menai (Bangor), Menai (Caernarfon), Ogwen, Peblig, Penisarwaun, Pentir, Penygroes, Seiont, Talysarn, Tregarth and Mynydd Llandygai, Waunfawr and Y Felinheli.
Electoral history (current constituency)Edit
The latest boundary change created a battleground in Arfon particularly for Labour, Plaid Cymru, and the Conservatives, with the latter being labelled as a 'resurgent' party by the Caernarfon Herald. The scale of contention had been reached due to the large shift in boundary changes which in turn has created a need within each party to achieve a relatively unforeseen outcome. Plaid Cymru had previously never represented Bangor, which had been held by Conservative Wyn Roberts for twenty-seven years and a further thirteen under Labour's Betty Williams. It has however also been more than thirty years since Caernarfon has been represented by anyone other than Plaid Cymru.
In the event, Plaid gained the seat (which had been notionally Labour) in 2010 and held it in 2015; their victory in 2017 was by just 92 votes, the tightest margin in Wales in that election.
Members of ParliamentEdit
MPs since 2010Edit
|2010||Hywel Williams||Plaid Cymru|
Elections in the 2010sEdit
The Liberal Democrats, and the Green Party, have agreed to stand aside, and support the Plaid Cymru candidate as part of an agreement to try to increase the chances of Remain supporting MPs being elected. There are 60 such constituencies in England, and Wales, involving the Unite to Remain alliance between the three parties.
Candidates listed in alphabetical order of surname.
|Brexit Party||Gary Gribben|
|Labour||Steffie Williams Roberts|
|Plaid Cymru||Hywel Williams (Unite to Remain)|
|Plaid Cymru||Hywel Williams||11,519||40.8||3.1|
|Liberal Democrat||Calum Davies||648||2.3||0.4|
|Plaid Cymru hold||Swing||6.7|
|Plaid Cymru||Hywel Williams||11,790||43.9||7.9|
|Liberal Democrat||Mohammed Shultan||718||2.7||11.4|
|Socialist Labour||Kathrine Jones||409||1.5||New|
|Plaid Cymru hold||Swing||4.0|
|Plaid Cymru||Hywel Williams*||9,383||36.0||3.9|
|Liberal Democrat||Sarah Green||3,666||14.1||1.7|
|Plaid Cymru win (new seat)|
*Served as MP for the predecessor seat of Caernarfon in the 2001-2010 Parliament
The 2010 result has been categorized as a win, because the two predecessor constituencies from which Arfon was created were held by different parties: Caernarfon was held by Williams of Plaid Cymru, while Conwy was held by Labour, so it is unclear whether the 2010 was a hold or a gain.
Elections in the 1910sEdit
|Conservative||Arthur E Hughes||2,629||29.7||0.2|
Elections in the 1900sEdit
|Conservative||Arthur E Hughes||2,533||29.9||N/A|
Elections in the 1890sEdit
|Conservative||Alfred William Hughes||2,860||38.9||N/A|
Elections in the 1880sEdit
|Liberal win (new seat)|
Notes and referencesEdit
- "Electoral rolls by Welsh Assembly constituency areas and electoral regions". 2019 Electorate Figures. StatsWales. 1 December 2018. Retrieved 8 October 2019.
- "Arfon' UK Parliament, 6 May 2010 -". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Archived from the original on 12 April 2016. Retrieved 31 March 2016.
- Information in the paragraph is taken in part from F.W.S Craig's British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918 (Macmillan, 1974).
- "Caernarfon Herald". Caernarfon Herald. Archived from the original on 13 April 2010. Retrieved 11 April 2010.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "A" (part 2)
- "General election: Plaid, Lib Dems and Greens in pro-EU pact". BBC News. 6 November 2019.
- "Unite to Remain agreement". Liberal Democrats. November 7, 2019.
- "Candidates for Arfon in the UK Parliament elections". Democracy Club Candidates.
- Bloom, Dan (7 June 2017). "Here is every single 2017 general election candidate in a plain text list". Daily Mirror. Trinity Mirror.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Gwynedd Council results". Parliamentary Election results – 7 May 2015. Gwynedd Council. Retrieved 20 September 2015.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-01-19. Retrieved 2015-01-19.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "BBC News - Election 2010 - Constituency - Arfon". Retrieved 25 April 2016.
- British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
- Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885-1972, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Political Reference Publications 1972)