Area code 219

Area code 219 is a telephone area code in the North American Numbering Plan for Northwest Indiana, including the state's portion of the Chicago metropolitan area, which includes Lake, Porter, La Porte, Newton, and Jasper Counties. The area code includes the cities of Schererville, Chesterton, Lake Station, Lowell, Crown Point, Cedar Lake, Hobart, Whiting, Gary, Hammond, East Chicago, Merrillville, Munster, Griffith, Highland, Portage, Valparaiso, Michigan City, Ogden Dunes, St. John, La Porte, DeMotte, Roselawn, Kouts, Lake Village, and Rensselaer. 219 is largely co-extensive with the Indiana side of the Chicago metropolitan area. Service is provided by AT&T, Frontier Communications, and Northwestern Indiana Telephone Company.

Area codes in Indiana.
The original area code 219, as of 1952.

HistoryEdit

When AT&T published the first configuration of proposed numbering plan areas (NPAs) for a new nationwide numbering and toll call routing system in 1947, Indiana was divided to receive two area codes. Area code 317 served the northern two-thirds of Indiana, while area code 812 served the southern third. In 1948, 317 was cut back to central Indiana, while the northern third of Indiana, including Gary, Hammond, East Chicago, South Bend, Elkhart and Fort Wayne, received area code 219. It was the first new area code after AT&T had published the initial configuration of a nationwide numbering system in 1947.

Despite the presence of the Chicago suburbs, Michiana and Fort Wayne, this configuration remained unchanged for 53 years. By the end of the 20th century, however, 219 was on the verge of exhaustion. When it was apparent that the need for a split could no longer be staved off, it was decided to split northern Indiana into three area codes. Northwest Indiana won a random drawing to decide which of the areas would keep 219. The central portion of the old 219 territory, centered on South Bend, became area code 574. The eastern portion, centered on Fort Wayne, became area code 260. The area codes split on January 15, 2002. Permissive dialing of 219 continued across northern Indiana until June 14, 2002.[1]

Area code 219 has telephone numbers assigned for the central office code 988. 988 has been designated nationwide as a dialing code for the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline, which creates a conflict for exchanges that permit seven-digit dialing. This area code is therefore scheduled to transition to ten-digit dialing, mandatory after October 24, 2021.[2]

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "AT&T - Area Code History - Indiana". Archived from the original on 2009-02-12. Retrieved 2018-06-04.
  2. ^ "Transition to 10-digit dialing (for 988 as 3-digit access to National Suicide Prevention Hotline)" (PDF). NANPA. January 8, 2021. Retrieved March 9, 2021.
Indiana area codes: 219, 260, 317/463, 574, 765, 812/930
North: 269, Lake Michigan
West: 708, 773, 872 and 815/779 area code 219 East: 574
South: 765
Michigan area codes: 231, 248/947, 269, 313, 517, 586, 616, 734, 810, 906, 989
Illinois area codes: 217, 224/847, 309, 312, 331/630, 618, 708, 773, 779/815, 872

Coordinates: 41°08′56″N 87°14′24″W / 41.149°N 87.240°W / 41.149; -87.240